Arado Ar 76

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Ar 76
Arado Ar 76 Model pic.JPG
Model of the Ar 76
Role Fighter
Manufacturer Arado
Designer Walter Blume[1]
First flight 1934[1]
Introduction 1936
Primary user Luftwaffe
Number built 189[2]

The Arado Ar 76 was a German aircraft of the 1930s, designed as a light fighter with a secondary role as an advanced trainer in mind.[1]

Designed & development[edit]

Arado's response to a requirement by the Reichsluftfahrtministerium (RLM) for a light / emergency fighter aircraft, was the Ar 76 which was evaluated against the Heinkel He 74, Focke-Wulf Fw 56, and the Henschel Hs 121 and Hs 125 in 1935. Although the Fw 56 was selected for the main production contract, the RLM was sufficiently impressed by the Ar 76 to order a small number of production aircraft as well.[1]

Description[edit]

The Ar 76 was a parasol-wing monoplane with fixed, tailwheel undercarriage. The wings were fabric over wood, and the fuselage was fabric over steel tube.[1]

Operational history[edit]

Production Ar 76A aircraft were used by Jagdfliegerschulen (fighter pilot schools) from 1936.[1]

Variants[edit]

Data from:[1]

Ar 76a
First prototype, (regn. D-ISEN).
Ar 76 V2
Second prototype, (regn. D-IRAS).
Ar 76 V3
Third prototype.
Ar 76A
Single-seat advanced trainer, lightweight fighter aircraft. Built in small numbers.

Operators[edit]

 Germany

Specifications (Ar 76A-0)[edit]

Data from Aircraft of the Third Reich[1]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 1
  • Length: 7.2 m (23 ft 7 in)
  • Wingspan: 9.50 m (31 ft 2 in)
  • Height: 2.55 m (8 ft 4 in)
  • Wing area: 13.34 m2 (143.6 sq ft)
  • Empty weight: 751 kg (1,656 lb)
  • Gross weight: 1,072 kg (2,363 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Argus As 10C inverted V-8 air-cooled piston engine, 179 kW (240 hp)
  • Propellers: 2-bladed wooden fixed pitch propeller

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 267 km/h (166 mph; 144 kn)
  • Cruising speed: 221 km/h (137 mph; 119 kn)
  • Range: 470 km (292 mi; 254 nmi)
  • Endurance: 2 hr 24 minutes
  • Service ceiling: 6,400 m (20,997 ft)
  • Rate of climb: 7.2 m/s (1,420 ft/min)

Armament

  • Guns: 2 × 7.92 mm (.312 in) MG 17 machine guns with 250 rounds per gun
  • Bombs: 2 × 10 kg (22 lb) SC10 fragmentation bombs

See also[edit]

Related lists

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Green, William (2010). Aircraft of the Third Reich (1st ed.). London. p. 35. ISBN 978 1 900732 06 2. 
  2. ^ Federal Archive/Military Archive Freiburg, production programs RL 3
Bibliography
  • Green, William (2010). Aircraft of the Third Reich (1st ed.). London. p. 35. ISBN 978 1 900732 06 2. 
  • Green, William (1972). Warplanes of the Third Reich. New York: Doubleday. ISBN 0-385-05782-2. 
  • Taylor, Michael J. H. (1989). Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation. London: Studio Editions. p. 71. 
  • World Aircraft Information Files. Brightstar Aerospace Publishing, London. File 889 Sheet 69.