|Wingfield Sculls (1853), Stewards' Challenge Cup, Wyfold Challenge Cup and Silver Goblets (1856)|
The Argonaut Club was active in the 1850s and its first major successes were in the Visitors' Challenge Cup at Henley Royal Regatta in 1852 and 1853. The most prominent member, James Paine won the Wingfield Sculls in 1853.
Argonaut was one of several clubs on the Tideway including Wandle Club, Thames Club, St George's Club, Meteor Club and Petrel Club. In 1856 there was a move to combine these clubs into a single club that could compete successfully against the Oxford and Cambridge crews at Henley in the fours and eights. To achieve this, the London Rowing Club was formed.
Under the rules of the Henley Regatta, a club had to be in existence for a year before it could compete at the regatta. In 1856 therefore the London Rowing Club members competed under the aegis of the Argonaut Club. Its crack four, composed of Josias Nottidge, A. A. Casamajor, James Paine, and Herbert Playford at stroke, and F. Levien as cox won the Stewards' Challenge Cup and the Wyfold Challenge Cup. The same four comprised the final of the Silver Goblets with Casamajor and Nottidge winning over Paine and Playford.
In 1857 London Rowing Club was able to compete at Henley in its own name when it won the Grand Challenge Cup and the Argonaut Club went out of existence.