Arrow Development

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Arrow Development
Industry Amusement Rides
Fate Sold to Huss Maschinenfabrik (1981)
Successor Arrow-Huss
Arrow Dynamics
S&S Power
Founded 1945
Founders Karl Bacon
Ed Morgan
Bill Hardiman
Angus Anderson
Headquarters Mountain View, CA, United States
Key people
Angus Anderson
Karl Bacon
Bill Hardiman
Ed Morgan
Walter Schulze
Ron Toomer
Products Roller Coasters, Log Flumes, Auto Rides
Number of employees

Arrow Development Company was an amusement park ride and roller coaster design and manufacturing company, incorporated in California on November 16, 1945,[1] and based in Mountain View. Arrow was founded by Angus "Andy" Anderson, Karl Bacon, William Hardiman and Edgar Morgan.[2]:158[3] Originally located at 243 Moffett Boulevard,[4] they relocated to a larger facility at 1555 Plymouth Street[4] after Walt Disney Productions purchased one third of Arrow in 1960.[2]:775[5] By 1956, secretary Bill Hardiman,[6] and Angus Anderson, then Vice President,[7] had sold their interests in Arrow to Wharton graduate Walter Schulze, who then became Arrow's Secretary-Treasurer and Vice President. Walter and his wife had been doing accounting for several small companies in the Bay Area, including Duro-Bond Bearing, where he likely heard of Arrow. Schulze left Arrow after its sale to Rio Grande Industries.[8] In 1979, Arrow listed over a dozen types of rides in their catalog including 15 Corkscrews, 5 Looping coasters, 12 runaway mine trains, 43 flumes and 77 automotive, for a total of over 200 rides installed at nearly 100 locations around the world. Similarly named Arrow Dynamics, eventual successor to Arrow Development, was incorporated in Delaware on January 10, 1986 by Ron Toomer, Otis Hughes, David Klomp, Ray Crandall and Brent Meikle.[9]

The early years (1945–1953)[edit]

Andy, Bill, Ed and Karl met while working at the Hendy Iron Works in Sunnyvale, CA.[2]:131 Hendy had a contract with the US Navy to build torpedo launchers and marine steam engines. By 1942, the company was building hundreds of engines for Liberty ships. The number of employees would swell to over 11,500 in an effort to keep up with demand. In June 1943, the union began enforcing a four month ban on overtime, during which all machinists were to quit work after eight hours and refuse to work on Sundays.[10] Hendy responded by announcing that all machinists who refused to work overtime would be discharged.[11][12] Both Karl and Ed would recall later that being told to be on the picket line motivated them to start their own company.[2]:154, 158

Neither Bacon nor Morgan saw active duty in the military, although Ed and his younger brother Eugene enlisted in the Army Air Corps. Ed was given a deferment based on his employment at Hendy.[2]:153 Eugene was killed in action in the South Pacific on December 16, 1944 while serving with the 868th Bombardment Squadron, flying special radar equipped B-24 Liberators designed for secret night bombing and escort missions.[13]

During the early years, Arrow Development made replacement parts for trucks, which were scarce after the war. Their first big job was building test run-in furnaces for the U. S. Navy. They would also do machining and assembly work for Luscombe, Hewlett Packard, the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center,[2]:167, 187, 198 and help the NASA Ames Research Center develop 25 balloon suspended capsules used for high altitude research with monkeys, in prelude to the Mercury Program.

Contributions to Disneyland and Walt Disney World[edit]

Ed Morgan read a newspaper article about Disneyland and wrote to Disney about a small stern wheel paddle boat named “Lil’ Belle”, which Arrow had built in 1952.[14] Disney wasn’t interested in the boat, but became interested in the vehicles that Arrow was creating for other amusement parks. Imagineer Bruce Bushman gave Ed Morgan a sketch of the "Mr. Toad" vehicle, and a prototype body was quickly fabricated.[2]:330–342 Morgan would later recall that Arrow landed their contract with Disney through the recommendation of Stanford Research Institute which did the site and population density research for Disneyland. Walt and Roy Disney had consulted with Harrison Price of SRI’s Los Angeles office on a proposal to build Disneyland in Burbank, California.

Between 1953 and 1971 Arrow would be instrumental in designing and developing over a dozen ride systems and vehicles for Disney and several patents would be awarded regarding them.[15] Six of the opening day rides at Disneyland were done by Arrow; Mad Tea Party, King Arthur Carrousel, Mr. Toad's Wild Ride, Dumbo the Flying Elephant, Casey Jr. Circus Train, and Snow White's Scary Adventures.[16][17]

Arrow went on to design and build vehicles and track systems for the Midget Autopia and Motorboat Cruise (1957), Alice in Wonderland (1958), the Matterhorn Bobsleds (1959), Flying Saucers (1961) and the Mark VI redesign of Autopia cars (1963). The tram cars which carried guests from the parking lot to the park's entrance at Disneyland and Disney World were another Arrow Product. They also designed and built the ride systems for It's a Small World (1964/66), Pirates of the Caribbean, Adventure Through Inner Space (1967), and the Haunted Mansion (1969). Arrow has also been credited for improving the guidance system for the Submarine Voyage (1959) and prototyping a four track version of Space Mountain.[18] One source also claims that Arrow was involved in the Big Thunder Mountain Railroad attraction in both Anaheim and Orlando.[19]

Non-Disney rides[edit]

Arrow was building small merry-go-rounds, playground equipment and rides for local amusement parks by 1948.[2]:231, 239[20] Karl and Ed had set up a separate company called Easbey[2]:293 which won a contract with the city of Oakland, California to put rides in the Children's Fairyland at Lake Merritt, which was built in 1950. Arrow's first all steel carousel was built for Alum Rock Park's Happy Hollow in 1948.[2]:231, 239 Arrow's 1979 product brochure listed eight Merry-Go-Rounds, mostly installed in California, ranging from 20 to 60 feet (6.10 to 18.29 m) in diameter.

In 1955, Arrow built a demonstration children's park called Playtown, next to Palo Alto's Town and Country Village Shopping Center where they demonstrated new rides including a miniature train, boat, "Arrow-plane" and carousel.

On August 21, 1960, a tragic accident occurred at Playtown involving the son of Frank Freidel, a visiting professor at Stanford, known for his extensive biography of Franklin Roosevelt. While Frank's wife Madeleine was buying tickets for the miniature train ride, their 3 12 year old son Phillip wandered off, sat down on the tracks and was hit by the train, suffering massive head and leg injuries. He was pronounced dead on arrival at the Palo Alto-Stanford Hospital.” Playtown closed soon after.[21]

Pacific Ocean Park featured the Mystery Island Banana Train, considered by many to be POP's best ride. Arrow developed an extensive Alice in Wonderland ride for Blackpool Pleasure Beach, which opened in 1961. For the 1962 Seattle World's Fair, Arrow created the 'Space Whirl", a "teacup" style ride which simulated the feeling of being launched into space. Arrow created Danny the Dragon as part of a half-million dollar contract for Freedomland, the Cave Train and vintage auto rides for the Santa Cruz Beach Boardwalk and Adventureland (New York), teacup ("snowball") and bobsled rides for Santa's Village in Scotts Valley, CA, Frontier Village's Antique Car Ride, the Timber Mountain Log and Hat Dance ("Sombrero") rides at Knott's Berry Farm, a suspended monorail and electric boat ride for the Anheuser-Busch brewery in Van Nuys, CA and Florida[22][23] and an omnimover type ride for Hershey's Chocolate World Great American Chocolate Tour. Arrow's 1979 brochure listed 32 roller coasters, 12 Runaway Mine Trains, 43 Flume rides, 5 "Space Whirl" rides, 4 Rub-a-Dubs, 7 Dark Rides, 20 Special Systems, 49 Antique Car and 28 Sports Car ride installations.

Arrow reinvented and improved on the flume ride which had been popular in the early 1900s. The first modern log flume ride being El Aserradero at Six Flags Over Texas which opened in 1963. The Runaway Mine Train (1966), designed by Ron Toomer, was both the first mine train roller coaster and the first roller coaster with an underwater tunnel. Arrow's second mine train ride opened at Cedar Point in 1969, followed by another at Six Flags over Mid America in 1971. Arrow Development would build 22 flume rides between 1970 and 1975. Toomer was promoted to Manger of Engineering at Arrow Development in 1971.

Post Disney era transition into Arrow Dynamics and S&S Arrow[edit]

When Disney opened Central Shops in 1971, Dick Nunis, then Executive VP, told Arrow, “I have to admit that we could not have done this without you. But it’s over now. We built this big facility and we’re going to do everything ourselves.” Dana Morgan, Ed’s son recalled, “They made it very clear that it was a new era—that they now had all this in-house capability built up, and they would now do everything themselves.”[2]:231, 239

In 1972, Bacon, Morgan and Schulze decided to sell Arrow Development to Rio Grande Industries. Rio Grande had plans to build several theme parks, in addition to owning a coaster-building company. Carl and Ed and Walter acted as consultants to RGI for a few years. All of the projects that were submitted during that time were rejected, although they were often developed later by other companies. Ron Toomer stated that "building roller coasters really didn't fit into Rio Grande's scheme of things".[24] In 1977, Arrow opened a 120,000-square-foot (11,000 m2) manufacturing facility in the Freeport Center in Clearfield, Utah.[25] By 1980, they were no longer operating in Mountain View.[26]

On November 22, 1981, Huss Trading Corporation bought Arrow Development from RGI. The new company registered in Utah as Arrow-Huss, with design and administrative offices in Scott's Valley, CA.[25] Edgar Morgan's son Dana, was President, Robert Peers was a Director and Secretary and Peter Joyce was Vice President and Treasurer. Arrow-Huss registered with the State of California as a Foreign Stock business on January 12, 1981, but its status as a valid company in was eventually forfeited. Dana Morgan would be reported as President of Arrow Huss in 1982. Morgan left Arrow-Huss and started Morgan Manufacturing in 1983, nominally to build carousels, although their first contract was for a roller coaster. In 1984, Arrow Huss' officers were reported as Bernard Peer Zwickau, President; Boyd Draeger Vice President; Robert Peers, Secretary; Gail E. Dyreng, Comptroller. Klaus Huss, Dr. Urs. Affolter and Robert Peers were reported as Directors. In 1985, Robert Larsen was the Director of Finance.[27]

Arrow-Huss filed for bankruptcy late in November 1984, two weeks after Ron Toomer had relocated his family to Utah. Thirteen of the company’s American officers, including Toomer, negotiated a buyout. Late in 1985 the takeover was approved by the court. By that time none of the original founders of Arrow Development had any financial or managerial interest in the company. On January 10, 1986, Arrow Dynamics was incorporated in Delaware, with offices in Clearfield, Utah and Norm Scott as President. Scott would die unexpectedly on July 1 of that same year and his wife would sue Arrow-Huss for control of the company.

Around this time (mid-80's) Arrow would partner with Vekoma, a Dutch manufacturer of farming, mining and amusement park equipment. This enabled Arrow to have a dealer in the European market. Initially, Arrow would build ride vehicles and the more complex track sections for Vekoma in Utah, but eventually Vekoma would build all the track for their European customers in the Netherlands. Vekoma began competing directly with Arrow in the United States with the installation of Flashback at Six Flags New England in 1985.

On January 6, 1986, restated articles of incorporation, changing the name of Arrow Huss to Arrow Dynamics, Inc. were filed in Delaware. On March 10, 1987, Ron Toomer, Otis S. Hughes and Brent H. Meikle would file an application for certification of authority for Arrow Dynamics, Inc., also in Delaware.

On May 27, 1987 Toomer, Hughes and Meikle would draft articles of incorporation for Arrow Dynamics as a Utah corporation. Issued stock was valued at $12 million.[27] On June 27, 1987, Arrow Dynamics, Inc. (Utah) and Arrow Dynamics, Inc. (Delaware) would merge, with the Delaware corporation surviving.[27] On February 22, 1988, Arrow Dynamics, Inc. would be dissolved as a Delaware corporation. The April 11, 1988 notice also states that the former name of Arrow Dynamics was Arrow Huss, Inc. In a 1988 interview, Toomer would state that although Arrow Huss had been profitable, Huss "just kept taking money out of it".[24]

Ron Toomer served as President of Arrow Dynamics until 1993. In 1994, he brought in $3.5 million in international funding and was promoted to chairman. Allan Harris was brought in as president about 1995 and was CEO in 1998. Toomer would act as a Consulting Director until his retirement in 1998.[28] Arrow Dynamics' authority to operate in Utah would be revoked in October 1999 for failure to file their annual report, but be reinstated in November.[27] Toomer retired in 2000.

Arrow Dynamics declared bankruptcy on December 3, 2001, owing more than $2.2 million to its 20 largest unsecured creditors. As part of its reorganization plan, Arrow agreed that it would no longer build its own rides.[29] The court set a $2.25 million minimum price for the purchase of all of Arrow Dynamics assets.[30] On February 8, 2002, the Cauldron for the 2002 Winter Olympic Games in Salt Lake City was lit. The steel tower supporting the cauldron was designed by Arrow Dynamics.

In 2002, S&S Power was looking for opportunities to expand their business, citing acquisitions as the best method to do so.[31] In October 2002, S&S founded S&S Arrow, a limited liability company which purchased the assets of the bankrupt Arrow Dynamics.[32] Despite the name and work of S&S Arrow, legally it was not a successor to Arrow Dynamics.[33]

Antique car rides (1945–1981)[edit]

Name Model Location Opened Status
Unknown Antique Touring Adventureland, East Farmingdale, New York 1978 Operating
Unknown Electric Antique Touring Amusements of America after 1966 Unknown
Le Mans Raceway Flyer Busch Gardens, Williamsburg, VA 1975 Closed 2006
Le Taxi French Taxi Astroworld, Houston, TX 1968 Closed 2005
Unknown Antique Touring Gas Beasley Amusement Park, Toronto Canada 1967 Operating
Unknown Electric Antique Touring Beech Bend Park, Bowling Green, KY Unknown Unknown
Unknown Antique Touring Gas Bob Flugar, Stevens Point WI Unknown Unknown
Unknown Antique Cadillac M-6Z Bob-Lo Island, Ontario, Canada ~1975 ~1993
Unknown Antique Touring Gas Canobie Lake Park, Salem, NH Unknown Operating
Exxon Hillbilly Jalopies Jalopy Carowinds, Charlotte, North Carolina 1973 Closed 1987
Unknown Cadillac Cedar Point, Sandusky, Ohio 1969 Operating
Unknown Early Antique Touring Deer Acres Storybook, Pinconning, Michigan Unknown Unknown
Unknown Ford & Maxwell Dogpatch, USA, Harrison, Arkansas 1968 Closed 1993
Sunoco Turnpike Flyer Dutch Wonderland, Lancaster, Pennsylvania Unknown Operating
Unknown Electric Cars Enchanted Forest, Chesterton, Indiana Unknown Park Closed 1991
Tin Lizzy's Flyer Frontier City, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma Unknown Operating
Unknown Flyer, Maxwell and Ford Frontier Village, San Jose, California Unknown Unknown
Unknown Oldsmobile Antique Car Geauga Lake Park, Aurora, Ohio Unknown Closed 2008
Unknown Antique Touring M-68 Gas Idora Park, Youngstown, Ohio Unknown Closed 1984
Unknown Ford & Maxwell Joyland Amusements, Lubbock Texas Unknown Unknown
Unknown Senior Auto Track Keansburg Amusement Park, Keansburg, New Jersey Unknown Unknown
Turnpike Flyer Antique Touring Kenneywood Park, West Mifflin, Pennsylvania Unknown Operating
Unknown Flyer, Ford, Maxwell Knott’s Berry Farm, Buena Park, California Unknown Unknown
Unknown Antique Touring Lake Winnepesaukah, Rossville Georgia Unknown Operating
Unknown Antique Touring Gas Legend City, Tempe Arizona Unknown Closed 1983
Unknown Antique Touring Le Sourdsville Lake, Middletown, Ohio Unknown Closed 2002
Unknown Electric Antique Touring Mac Amusements, Seattle, Washington Unknown Unknown
Traffique Jam Antique Touring Special Marriott’s Great America, Gurnee, Illinois Unknown Closed 1983
Unknown Jr. Tracked Auto Ride Oaks Amusement, Portland Oregon Unknown Unknown
Unknown Antique Touring Old MacDonald’s Farm, Norwalk, Connecticut Unknown Closed 1979
Unknown Model T Opryland, Nashville, Tennessee Unknown Closed 1997
Unknown Electric Antique Touring Pontchartrain Beach, New Orleans, Louisiana Unknown Closed 1983
Unknown Antique Touring Pleasure Island, Eagle River, Wisconsin Unknown Unknown
Unknown Antique Touring M-60 Gas Riverside Park, Agawam, Massachusetts Unknown Unknown
Unknown Electric Antique Touring Santa’s Village, Dundee, Illinois Unknown Unknown
Unknown Ford, Maxwell Santa’s Village, Santa Cruz, California Unknown Closed 1979
Unknown Cadillac Six Flags Over Georgia, Mableton, Georgia Unknown Operating
Unknown Antique Cadillac Six Flags Over Saint Louis, Missouri Unknown Operating
Chaparral Cadillac Six Flags Over Texas, Arlington, Texas Unknown Operating
Unknown Tracked Auto Ride Tiny Texan, Lubbock, Texas Unknown Unknown
Unknown Electric Antique Touring West Coast Shows, Delmar, California Unknown Unknown
Tin Lizzies Antique Touring Gas West View Park, Pittsburg, Pennsylvania Unknown Closed 1977
Unknown Antique Touring Gas Williams Brothers, Lunenberg, Massachusetts Unknown Unknown
Le Taxi Tour French Taxi Worlds of Fun, Kansas City, Missouri 1973 Operating
Unknown Flyer Old Tucson, Tucson, Arizona Unknown Operating
Blue Ridge Tollway Ford Electric Kings Dominion, Ashland Virginia Unknown Operating
Unknown unknown Europa Park, Rust/Ettingheim, Germany Unknown Unknown
Unknown unknown Korakuen Stadium Park, Japan Unknown Unknown

Disney rides (1945–1981)[edit]

Name Model Location Opened Status
King Arthur Carrousel 72-foot (21.95 m), 4 Course Carrousel Disneyland, Anaheim, CA 1955 Operating
Dumbo the Flying Elephant Special System Disneyland, Anaheim, CA 1955 Operating
Casey Jr. Circus Train Special System Disneyland, Anaheim, CA 1955 Operating
Mad Tea Party Tea Cup Disneyland, Anaheim, CA 1955 Operating
Mr. Toad's Wild Ride Dark Ride Disneyland, Anaheim, CA 1955 Operating
Motor Boat Cruise Boat Ride Disneyland, Anaheim, CA 1957 Demolished
Alice in Wonderland Dark Ride Disneyland, Anaheim, CA 1958 Operating
Matterhorn Bobsleds Custom Coaster Disneyland, Anaheim, CA 1959 Operating
Snow White's Scary Adventures Dark Ride Disneyland, Anaheim, CA 1955 Operating
It's a Small World Boat Ride Disneyland, Anaheim, CA 1966 Operating
Adventure Thru Inner Space Omnimover Disneyland, Anaheim, CA 1966 Demolished
Pirates of the Caribbean Special System Disneyland, Anaheim, CA 1967 Operating
Haunted Mansion Omnimover Disneyland, Anaheim, CA 1969 Operating
Mad Tea Party Tea Cup Disney World, Orlando, FL 1971 Operating
Cinderella's Golden Carrousel 65-foot (19.81 m), 5 Course Carrousel Disney World, Orlando, Florida 1971 Operating

Carrousels/merry-go-rounds (1945–1981)[edit]

Name Model Location Opened Status
Unknown 20-foot (6.10 m) Carrousel Fitsimonds Shows, Sugar City, CO Unknown Unknown
Unknown 20-foot (6.10 m) Carrousel Esplanade, Capitola, CA before 1950 Operating at the Red Barn in Aromas, CA
Unknown 20-foot (6.10 m) Carrousel Magic Mountain, Valencia, CA after 1970 Unknown
Unknown 26-foot (7.92 m) Carrousel Magic Mountain, Valencia, CA after 1970 Unknown
Unknown 36-foot (10.97 m) Carrousel Pixie Playland, Concord, CA 1955~ Operating
Unknown 36-foot (10.97 m) Carrousel Santa's Village, Scott's Valley, CA 1954 @ Bishop’s Pumpkin Farm, Wheatland, CA
Unknown 26-foot (7.92 m)t Carrousel South Coast Plaza, Costa Mesa, CA 1967 Operating
Unknown 45-foot (13.72 m) Carrousel Storybookland, Ill ~ 1955 Unknown
Unknown 45-foot (13.72 m) Carrousel Roeding Park, Fresno, CA 1950's Operating @ Playland, Fresno, CA
Unknown 45-foot (13.72 m) Carrousel Kennedy Park, Hayward, CA Unknown Operating

Corkscrew roller coasters (1945–1981)[edit]

Name Model Location Opened Status
Corkscrew Double Corkscrew Knott’s Berry Farm, Buena Park, CA 1975 Operating
Chicago Loop Double Corkscrew Old Chicago, Bolingbrook, IL 1975 Relocated
Wabash Cannonball Corkscrew Opryland USA 1975 Relocated
Corkscrew Corkscrew Magic Harbor 1975 Relocated
Python Double Corksrew Busch Gardens, Tampa, FL 1976 Closed 2006
Turn of the Century Double Corkscrew Marriott’s Great America, Guree, IL 1976 Operating
Turn of the Century Double Corkscrew Marriott’s Great America, Santa Clara, CA 1976 Operating
Screamroller Double Corkscrew Worlds of Fun, Kansas City, MO 1976 Relocated
Corkscrew Double Corkscrew Yatsu-Yuenchi Park, Tokyo Japan 1977 Closed ‘82
Corkscrew Corkscrew Geauga Lake Park, Aurora, Ohio 1978 Closed ‘80
Corkscrew Corkscrew Coaster Myrtle Beach Pavilion 1978 Relocated
Corkscrew Corkscrew Deer Park Funland, Muskegon, MI 1979 Operating
Corkscrew Double Corkscrew Michigan's Adventure 1979 Operating
Cork Screw Double Corkscrew Benyland, Sendai, Miyagi, Japan 1979 Operating
Screw Coaster Double Corkscrew Nara Dreamland, Nara, Japan 1979 SBNO
Corkscrew Double Corkscrew Nagishima Spa Land, Kuwana, Mie, Japan 1979 Operating
Corkscrew Double Corkscrew Toshimaen, Nerima, Tokyo, Japan 1979 Operating

Flume & boat rides (1945–1981)[edit]

Name Model Location Opened Status
Mill Race Log Boat Cedar Point, Sandusky, OH 1963 Unknown
Unknown Log Boat Six Flags Over Texas, Arlington, TX 1963 Unknown
Unknown Log Boat Astroland, New York City, NY 1964 Unknown
Unknown Log Boat Blackpool Pleasure Beach, Blackpool England 1967 Unknown
Unknown Log Boat Expo ’67, Montreal, Canada (La Rhonde) 1967 Unknown
Unknown Log Boat Six Flags Over Georgia, Mableton, GA 1967 Unknown
Unknown Log Boat Six Flags Over Georgia, Mableton, GA 1968 Unknown
Unknown Log Boat Astroworld, Houston, TX 1969 Unknown
Unknown Log Boat Lagoon Park, Farmington, UT 1969 Relocation
Unknown Log Boat Magic Harbor, Myrtle Beach, SC 1969 Unknown
Unknown Log Boat Knott’s Berry Farm, Buena Park, CA 1969 Unknown
Unknown Log Boat Toshimaen, Tokyo, Japan 1970 Unknown
Unknown Log Boat Hunt’s Pier, Wildwood, NJ 1970 Unknown
Unknown Log Boat Six Flags Over Mid-America Eureka, MO 1971 Unknown
Unknown Log Boat Magic Mountain, Valencia, CA 1971 Unknown
Unknown Hydro Boat Magic Mountain, Valencia, CA 1972 Unknown
Unknown Log Boat Miracle Strip Amusement Park, Panama City, FL 1972 Unknown
Unknown Log Boat Beasley Amusements, Toronto, Canada 1972 Unknown
Unknown Log Boat Opryland, Nashville, TN 1972 Unknown
Unknown Barrel Boat Storytown, USA, Lake George, NY 1972 Relocation
Unknown Log Boat Carowinds, Charlotte, North Carolina 1973 Unknown
Unknown Barrel Boat Busch Gardens Tampa, Tampa, Florida 1973 Unknown
Coal Cracker Hydro Boat Hersheypark, Hersey PA 1973 Unknown
FlumeRide Log Boat Liseberg, Gothenburg, Sweden 1973 Operating[34]
Viking Voyager Viking Boat Worlds of Fun, Kansas City MO 1973 Operating
Unknown Log Boat Great Adventure, Jackson, NJ 1974 Unknown
Unknown Log Boat Pontchartrain Beach, New Orleans, LA 1974 Unknown
Le Scoot Barrel Boat Busch Gardens Williamsburg, Williamsburg, VA 1975 Unknown
Unknown Hydro Boat Great Adventure, Jackson, NJ 1975 Unknown
Unknown Log Boat Old Chicago, Bolingbrook, ILL 1975 Unknown
Log Jammer Flume Kennywood, West Mifflin, PA 1975 Unknown
Unknown Log Boat Libertyland, Memphis, TN 1976 Unknown
Unknown Log Boat Hansaland, Sierksdorff, Germany 1977 Unknown
Unknown Hydro Boat Marriott’s Great America, Santa Clara, CA 1976 Unknown
Unknown Log Boat Marriott’s Great America, Santa Clara, CA 1976 Unknown
Unknown Hydro Boat Marriott’s Great America, Gurnee, IL 1976 Unknown
Unknown Log Boat Marriott’s Great America, Gurnee, IL 1976 Unknown
Unknown Log Boat Funtown Pier, Seaside Heights, NJ 1977 Unknown
Double Splash Flume Log Boat Dutch Wonderland, Lancaster, PA 1977 Operating[35]
Logger's Revenge Log Boat Santa Cruz Beach Boardwalk, Santa Cruz, CA 1977 Operating[36]
Unknown Log Boat Elitch Gardens, Denver, CO 1978 Unknown
Unknown Log Boat Europa Park, Rust/Ettingheim, Germany 1978 Unknown
Unknown Log Boat Bell’s Amusement Park, Tulsa, OK Unknown Unknown
Unknown Log Boat Kings Dominion, Ashland, VA Unknown Unknown
Unknown 6 PAX Boat Kings Dominion, Ashland, VA Unknown Unknown
Unknown Hydro Boat Kings Island, Kings Mills, OH Unknown Unknown
Unknown Log Boat Kings Island, Kings Mills, OH Unknown Unknown
Unknown Log Boat Silver Dollar City, Pigeon Forge, TN Unknown Unknown

Looping roller coasters (1945–1981)[edit]

Name Model Location Opened Status
Demon Custom Looping Coaster California's Great America 1976 Operating
Demon Custom Looping Coaster Six Flags Great America 1976 Operating
Corkscrew Custom Looping Coaster Cedar Point 1976 Operating
Black Widow Launched Loop Coaster Six Flags New England 1977 Demolished
Double Loop Custom Looping Coaster Geauga Lake 1977 Demolished
Zoomerang Loop Circus World, Haines City FL 1977 Relocated
Screamin' Demon Loop/Shuttle Kings Island, Kings Mills, OH 1977 Relocated
Loch Ness Monster Double Interlocking Loops Busch Gardens, Williamsburg, VA 1978 Operating
Lightnin' Loops Launched Loop Coaster Six Flags Great Adventure 1978 Relocated
Lightning Loops Launched Loop Coaster Six Flags Great Adventure 1978 Relocated
Revolution Launched Loop Coaster Pleasure Beach Blackpool 1979 Operating
Boomerang Launched Loop Coaster LaQua 1980 Demolished
Carolina Cyclone Custom Looping Coster Carowinds 1980 Operating
Corkscrew Custom Looping Coaster Valleyfair 1980 Operating
Orient Express Custom Looping Coaster Worlds of Fun 1980 Demolished
Roaring Tornado Launched Loop Coaster Magic Springs and Crystal Falls 1980 Relocated
Dragon Fire Custom Looping Coaster Canada's Wonderland 1981 Operating

Combination/special roller coasters (1945–1981)[edit]

Name Model Location Opened Status
Gemini Special Coaster System Cedar Point 1978 Operating
Ragin' Cajun Loop & Corkscrew Coaster Pontchartrain Beach 1978 Relocated
Revolution Loop & Corkscrew Coaster Libertyland 1979 Relocated
Space Salamander Loop & Corkscrew Coaster Expoland 1980 Operating
The Bat Suspended Coaster Kings Island 1981 Demolished

Mine trains (1945–1981)[edit]

Name Model Location Opened Status
Runaway Mine Train Mine Train Six Flags Over Texas 1966 Operating
Marche du Mille-pattes Mini Mine Train La Ronde 1967 Operating
Dahlonega Mine Train Mine Train Six Flags Over Georgia 1967 Operating
Mini Mine Train Mini Mine Train Six Flags Over Georgia 1967 Demolished
Mini Mine Train Mini Mine Train Six Flags Over Texas 1969 Operating
Serpent Mini Mine Train Six Flags Astroworld 1969 Demolished
Cedar Creek Mine Ride Mine Train Cedar Point 1969 Operating
Goldrusher Mine Train Six Flags Magic Mountain 1971 Operating
River King Mine Train Mine Train Six Flags St. Louis 1971 Operating
Rock n' Roller Coaster Mine Train Opryland USA 1972 Relocated/Operating
Excalibur Mine Train Six Flags Astroworld 1972 Relocated
Carolina Goldrusher Mine Train Carowinds 1973 Operating
Runaway Mine Train Mine Train Six Flags Great Adventure 1974 Operating
Trailblazer Mine Train Hersheypark 1974 Operating
Big Thunder Mountain Railroad Mine Train Disneyland 1979 Operating
Big Thunder Mountain Railroad Mine Train Walt Disney World 1980 Operating

Narrow gauge/miniature trains (1945–1981)[edit]

Name Model First Location Opened Status
Old 99 2 ft 6 in (762 mm) gauge Miniature Train Storytown USA, Lake George, New York ~1955 Relocated
Cave Train 2 ft 6 in (762 mm) gauge Miniature Train Santa Cruz Boardwalk, Santa Cruz, CA 1961 Operating
Frontier Village Railroad 2 ft 6 in (762 mm) gauge Miniature Train Frontier Village, San Jose, CA 1961 Relocated
Redwood Explorer 20 in (508 mm) gauge Miniature Train F-9 Confusion Hill, Piercy, CA 1955 Operating
Pixie Express 20 in (508 mm) gauge Miniature Train Pixieland, Concord, CA 1961~ Operating
Unknown 2 ft (610 mm) gauge Miniature Train F-9 Roseburg, OR 1961 Refurbished/For Sale
Junior Railroad 12 in (305 mm) gauge Miniature Train F-9 Central Park, San Mateo, CA 1950 Operating

Other rides (1945–1981)[edit]

Name Model Location Opened Status
Lil Belle Stern Wheel Paddleboat Peralta Playland, Oakland, CA 1952 Unknown
Snowball Tea Cup Santa's Village, Scott's Valley, CA 1958~ Closed
Danny the Dragon Tram Freedomland U.S.A., Bronx, NY 1960 Relocated/Operating
Alice in Wonderland Dark Ride Blackpool Pleasure Beach, England 1961 Operating
Lost Dutchman Dark Ride Frontier Village, San Jose, CA 1961 Demolished
Spacewhirl Tea Cup Seattle World's Fair 1962 Unknown
Avis Antique Car Ride Car Ride New York World's Fair, New York, NY 1964 Demolished
Pepsi Pavilion Boat Ride 1964 World's Fair, New York, NY 1964 Relocated
Earthquake Dark Ride Cedar Point, Sandusky, Ohio 1965 Unknown
Tales of the Okefenokee Dark Ride Six Flags Over Georgia, Atlanta, GA 1967 Unknown
Unknown Rub-a-Dub La Rhonde, Montreal, Canada 1967~ Unknown
Unknown Spacewhirl Astroworld, Houston, TX 1968~ Unknown
Unknown Rub-a-Dub Astroworld, Houston, TX 1968~ Removed 1976
Sombrero Tea Cup Knott's Berry Farm, Buena Park, CA 1969~ Operating
Unknown Rub-a-Dub Seven Seas, Arlington, TX 1971~ Unknown
Gulliver's Rub-a-Dub Rub-a-Dub Kings Island, Kings Mills, OH 1972 Removed 1981
Haunted Castle? Dark Ride Santa Cruz Seaside, Santa Cruz, CA Unknown Unknown
Kooky Castle? Dark Ride Pontchartrain Beach, New Orleans, LA Unknown Unknown
Wacky Soap Box Racers Special Coaster System Knott's Berry Farm 1976 Demolished
Steeplechase Special Coaster System Blackpool Pleasure Beach 1977 Operating

Properties at 243 Moffett and 1555 Plymouth in Mountain View, CA[edit]

The building at 243 Moffett in Mountain View, which was built in 1946 by the founders, was still standing in December 2013 and the site of an automotive body shop.

1555 Plymouth was occupied by Arrow Development from April 1960 until November 1980. During that time, the property was one parcel with the address of 1555 Plymouth Street.

South Bay Construction and Development Company (SBCDC) purchased the site in November 1982 and subdivided it into three parcels: 1555, 1615, and 1625 Plymouth Street. SBCDC constructed the building currently at 1555 Plymouth Street in 1983, which was used as storage for Norcal Tech, Inc. The property was sold to Sierra Greens in June 1985 and leased to Silicon Graphics, Inc.

1615 Plymouth - Interaction Chemical leased the 1615 Plymouth Street parcel from SBCDC beginning in December 1982. Interaction Chemical purchased the parcel in May 1983. In 1992, the assets of Interaction Chemical were purchased by Interaction Chromatography, who moved out of the building in May 1992. Fusion Medical Technologies began occupying the property in 1994.

1625 Plymouth - The property was also leased to Norcal from November 1982 to November 1989 and Symtron (who purchased Norcal) from November 1989 to November 1997. During this time, Norcal and Symtron manufactured printed circuit boards at the site. In November 1997, Sanmina Corporation acquired Symtron and subsequently purchased the property two years later in 1999.[26]

On June 25, 2013, Broadreach Capital Partners announced that it had acquired the 5.2-acre (2.1 ha) land site comprising 1615 and 1625 Plymouth, where it planned to develop, own and manage a state-of-the-art office project.[37]

Founders' and key participants' obituaries[edit]

  • Angus "Andy" Anderson died July 26, 2009 and is buried in Mission City Memorial Park in Santa Clara, CA
  • Karl Bacon died November 14, 2008 in Los Altos, CA
  • William Hardiman died October 28, 1982 in Waterford, Stanislaus, CA
  • Edgar Morgan died March 22, 2009, in Scotts Valley, CA
  • Walter Schulze died November 17, 1984 in Los Altos, CA[38]
  • Ronald Toomer died September 26, 2011 in Bedford, TX


  1. ^
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Reynolds, Robert (1999). Roller Coasters, Flumes and Flying Saucers. Northern Lights Pub. ISBN 9780965735353. 
  3. ^ Tavenier, Eric; Moyer, Carolyn Anderson (October 2009). "The History of Arrow Development". Retrieved January 9, 2014. 
  4. ^ a b Perry, Nick (July 26, 2002). "Arrow Development- A forgotten piece of Mountain View's past". Mountain View Voice. Retrieved January 9, 2014. 
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