The old depot in Duluth, which the Arrowhead served 1977-78.
|Service type||Inter-city rail|
|Locale||Minnesota / Wisconsin|
|First service||April 15, 1975|
|Last service||April 30, 1978|
|Distance travelled||148 miles (238 km)|
|Average journey time||3 hours 20 minutes|
|Catering facilities||On-board cafe|
|Rolling stock||Amfleet coaches|
|Track gauge||4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm)|
The Arrowhead began on April 16, 1975 as a daily all-coach train between Minneapolis and Superior, Wisconsin with no intervening stops along the 144-mile (232 km) route. The Arrowhead departed Superior in the mornings and returned in the evenings; its schedule allowed an easy connection to the North Coast Hiawatha, which offered daily service from Minneapolis to Chicago, Illinois. A bus covered the final 4 miles (6.4 km) to Duluth. Both the state of Minnesota and the Upper Great Lakes Regional Commission provided financial support for the train. Initially the Arrowhead carried an on-board cafe. In November Amtrak added Sandstone, Minnesota and Cambridge, Minnesota as intermediate stops, and augmented the train's consist with a lounge car and a baggage car. A schedule change to the North Coast Hiawatha broke the northbound connection to the Arrowhead from Chicago beginning in October 1976; the southbound connection was unaffected.
A major change came in February 1977: Amtrak extended the Arrowhead to Duluth, eliminating the bus connection. The entire schedule flipped; the Arrowhead departed Minneapolis in the morning and returned from Duluth in the evening. Gone was any same-day connection to Chicago. The Arrowhead also gained one of the new Amfleet "Amcafes" and Amfleet coaches. Another schedule change in January 1978 restored a same-day connection to Chicago with the combined Empire Builder/North Coast Hiawatha. Amtrak also increased Friday service: a morning and evening train from Minneapolis with a mid-day and late night return from Duluth. On April 30, 1978, Amtrak replaced the Arrowhead and the Twin Cities Hiawatha (a Chicago-Minneapolis train) with the North Star, a Chicago-Minneapolis-Duluth sleeper. The Arrowhead was one of the last trains to use Minneapolis' Great Northern Depot; Amtrak shifted all Twin Cities service to Midway in St. Paul.
- Northern Lights Express, proposed passenger rail service between Duluth and Minneapolis
- Amtrak (May 15, 1975). "All-America Schedules". Retrieved 2010-05-23.
- Amtrak (November 30, 1975). "All-America Schedules". Retrieved 2010-05-23.
- Amtrak (October 31, 1976). "National Train Timetables". Retrieved 2010-05-23.
- Amtrak (February 15, 1977). "National Train Timetables". Retrieved 2010-05-23.
- Amtrak (January 8, 1978). "National Train Timetables". Retrieved 2010-05-23.
- Holland, Kevin J. (2001). Classic American railroad terminals. MBI.