Arrowhead (train)

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Arrowhead
DuluthDepot.JPG
The old depot in Duluth, which the Arrowhead served 1977-78.
Overview
Service type Inter-city rail
Status Discontinued
Locale Minnesota / Wisconsin
First service April 15, 1975
Last service April 30, 1978
Successor North Star
Former operator(s) Amtrak
Route
Start Minneapolis, Minnesota
Stops 3
End Duluth, Minnesota
Distance travelled 148 miles (238 km)
Average journey time 3 hours 20 minutes
Service frequency Daily
Train number(s) 760-761
On-board services
Class(es) Unreserved coach
Catering facilities On-board cafe
Technical
Rolling stock Amfleet coaches
Track gauge 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
Track owner(s) MILW

The Arrowhead was a daily passenger train operated by Amtrak between Minneapolis, Minnesota and Duluth, Minnesota.

The Arrowhead began on April 16, 1975 as a daily all-coach train between Minneapolis and Superior, Wisconsin with no intervening stops along the 144-mile (232 km) route. The Arrowhead departed Superior in the mornings and returned in the evenings; its schedule allowed an easy connection to the North Coast Hiawatha, which offered daily service from Minneapolis to Chicago, Illinois. A bus covered the final 4 miles (6.4 km) to Duluth. Both the state of Minnesota and the Upper Great Lakes Regional Commission provided financial support for the train. Initially the Arrowhead carried an on-board cafe.[1] In November Amtrak added Sandstone, Minnesota and Cambridge, Minnesota as intermediate stops, and augmented the train's consist with a lounge car and a baggage car.[2] A schedule change to the North Coast Hiawatha broke the northbound connection to the Arrowhead from Chicago beginning in October 1976; the southbound connection was unaffected.[3]

A major change came in February 1977: Amtrak extended the Arrowhead to Duluth, eliminating the bus connection. The entire schedule flipped; the Arrowhead departed Minneapolis in the morning and returned from Duluth in the evening. Gone was any same-day connection to Chicago. The Arrowhead also gained one of the new Amfleet "Amcafes" and Amfleet coaches.[4] Another schedule change in January 1978 restored a same-day connection to Chicago with the combined Empire Builder/North Coast Hiawatha. Amtrak also increased Friday service: a morning and evening train from Minneapolis with a mid-day and late night return from Duluth.[5] On April 30, 1978, Amtrak replaced the Arrowhead and the Twin Cities Hiawatha (a Chicago-Minneapolis train) with the North Star, a Chicago-Minneapolis-Duluth sleeper. The Arrowhead was one of the last trains to use Minneapolis' Great Northern Depot; Amtrak shifted all Twin Cities service to Midway in St. Paul.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Amtrak (May 15, 1975). "All-America Schedules". Retrieved 2010-05-23. 
  2. ^ Amtrak (November 30, 1975). "All-America Schedules". Retrieved 2010-05-23. 
  3. ^ Amtrak (October 31, 1976). "National Train Timetables". Retrieved 2010-05-23. 
  4. ^ Amtrak (February 15, 1977). "National Train Timetables". Retrieved 2010-05-23. 
  5. ^ Amtrak (January 8, 1978). "National Train Timetables". Retrieved 2010-05-23. 
  6. ^ Holland, Kevin J. (2001). Classic American railroad terminals. MBI.