He received his A.B. from Oberlin College in 1931, his A.M. from Oberlin College in 1933 and his Ph.D. from Columbia University in 1935. He established a Neuropsychology Laboratory in the Neurology Department at the University of Iowa School of Medicine in the 1940s; the lab remains and now bears his name. While teaching at Iowa, Benton supervised the doctoral thesis of a young Albert Bandura. He was the author of numerous books and the creator of a number of neuropsychological testing instruments, including the Benton Visual Retention Test (BVRT). His son, Raymond S. Benton married Mary Kay Loftus in 1968 in Iowa. Arthur died in Glenview, Illinois from complications of emphysema.
First speaker in an annual series of lectures initiated by the New York Neuropsychology Group and the Psychology Section of the New York Academy of Sciences, featuring important figures in the development of neuropsychology, subsequently named The Arthur L. Benton Lecture in his honor.(1986)
Gold Medal Award for Life Achievement in the Application of Psychology from the American Psychological Foundation, for which the citation reads: "For lifetime contributions that include pioneering clinical studies of brain-behavior relations. He introduced novel and objective psychological assessment techniques that expanded our understanding of the difficulties manifested by neurologically compromised patients. He broadened the applications of psychology and in the process opened up a new field of study and practice, clinical neuropsychology." (1992)
^"Benton Named New Professor In Psychology Here". Iowa City Press-Citizen. July 9, 1948. "Dr Arthur Lester Benton new professor of clinical psychology at the University of Iowa beginning September ..."|accessdate= requires |url= (help)
^"Miss Loftus Is Engaged". Cedar Rapids Gazette. October 1, 1967. "The engagement of Miss Mary Kay Loftus to Raymond S. Benton, son of Dr. and Mrs. Arthur L. Benton of Iowa City is announced ..."|accessdate= requires |url= (help)
^"Dr. Arthur L. Benton, Neuropsychologist". Iowa City Press-Citizen. December 29, 2006. Retrieved 2008-10-25. "He was born October 16, 1909 in New York City. Dr. Benton received his B.A. and M.A. degrees from Oberlin College and his Ph.D. in Psychology from Columbia University in 1935. He acquired his training as a psychologist at the Payne Whitney Psychiatric Clinic of New York Hospital. Early in 1941, Benton volunteered for service in the U.S. Navy and was commissioned as a lieutenant in the medical department. His active duty lasted until 1945, followed by many years of service in the U. S. Navy Reserve, retiring at the rank of Captain."