Artur Lundkvist

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Artur Lundkvist.

Artur Lundkvist (3 March 1906 in Perstorp Municipality, Skåne County – 11 December 1991 in Solna, Stockholm County) was a Swedish writer, poet and literary critic. He was a member of the Swedish Academy from 1968.[1]

Artur Lundkvist published his first book of poems Glöd (Glowing Embers) in 1928 and contributed to the important anthology Fem unga (Five young men) in 1929. He was one of the dominant figures in swedish literary modernism, the most vigorous promoter of the modernist breakthrough that took place around 1930, and one of the leading poets of the period. His early works were influenced by american modernists, most notably Carl Sandburg, and later by surrealism.[2]

Artur Lundkvist published around 80 books, including poetry, prose poems, essays, short stories, novels and travel books, and his works have been translated into some 30 languages. He is also noted for having translated many works from Spanish and French into Swedish. Several authors he translated were later awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature.[3]

He married the poet Maria Wine in 1936.

In 1977 he was awarded the prestigious Golden Wreath of the Struga Poetry Evenings festival in Struga, Macedonia.[3]

Political activism[edit]

Artur Lundkvist was a supporter of the Soviet Union and communism.[4] During the Cold War, Lundkvist was an adherent of the so-called "third stance" (Swedish: tredje ståndpunkten) in Swedish public debate, which purported to advocate a neutral stance in the conflict between the two superpowers. He served on the board of the pro-communist Sweden-GDR Association. He was also a member of the Swedish Peace Committee, the Swedish section of the World Peace Council, a Soviet front organization.[5] In 1958 he was awarded the Lenin Peace Prize from the Soviet Union.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kumm, Bjorn (12 Dec 1991). "Obituary: Artur Lundkvist". The Independent (London). p. 13. 
  2. ^ Espmark, Kjell (1964). Livsdyrkaren Artur Lundkvist. Bonniers. p. 379-390. 
  3. ^ a b "Artur Lundkvist". Struga Poetry Evenings. Retrieved 11 December 2013. 
  4. ^ Lundberg, Johan, "Ljusets finder" (Timbro, 2013), p. 89-103.
  5. ^ Häggman, Bertil (1991). Medlöparna (in Swedish). Stockholm: Contra. p. 74. ISBN 91-86092-22-7. 
  6. ^ Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1959. 
Cultural offices
Preceded by
Gunnar Ekelöf
Swedish Academy,
Seat No.18

1968-1991
Succeeded by
Katarina Frostenson