Athol Townley

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The Honourable
Athol Townley
Menzies1951Ministry.jpg
Townley is fourth from left in stading row of the Menzies Government, 1951
Member of the Australian Parliament
for Denison
In office
10 December 1949 – 24 December 1963
Preceded by John Gaha
Succeeded by Adrian Gibson
Personal details
Born (1905-10-03)3 October 1905
Hobart, Tasmania
Died 24 December 1963(1963-12-24) (aged 58)
East Melbourne, Victoria
Nationality Australian
Political party Liberal Party of Australia
Spouse(s) Hazel Florence Greenwood
Relations Rex Townley (brother)
Occupation Chemist

Athol Gordon Townley (3 October 1905 – 24 December 1963) was an Australian politician and Minister for Defence.

Townley was born in Hobart and educated at Elizabeth Street State School and Hobart High School, and at Hobart Technical College. He qualified as a pharmaceutical chemist in 1928 and in 1930 found a job looking after quality control for a Sydney baker. In 1931, he married Hazel Florence Greenwood and they later moved back to Hobart where he formed a partnership with his brother, Rex, that eventually owned three pharmacies. He joined the Royal Australian Navy in September 1940, and in February 1941, he was sent to England to train in bomb- and mine-disposal work. He returned to Australia and commanded the patrol boat Steady Hour, which assisted in destroying a Japanese midget submarine during the attack on Sydney Harbour in June 1942. He was put in command of the Fairmile B motor launch ML817 in January 1943, promoted to acting lieutenant commander in March and was involved in the New Guinea campaign.[1]

Political career[edit]

Townley was opposed to Ben Chifley's bank nationalisation and won the Australian House of Representatives seat of Denison in the 1949 election for the Liberal Party of Australia. Robert Menzies valued his opinion and appointed him to a series of portfolios, starting with Social Services in May 1951, although Paul Hasluck considered Townley a "teacher's pet" and claimed that he had only "slight" administrative abilities. Menzies appointed Townley Minister for Air and Minister for Civil Aviation in July 1954, Minister for Immigration in October 1956, and Minister for Supply in February 1958.[1]

Townley became Minister for Defence in December 1958. On 24 May 1962 he announced that Australia would be sending thirty army advisers to South Vietnam, committing Australia to the Vietnam War. He suffered ill health during the 1960s, including a heart attack and bouts of pneumonia. Nevertheless, he travelled to Washington in October 1963 to sign a contract for the purchase of the F-111 aircraft—this contract was later severely criticised due to the sharply increased prices subsequently experienced.

Menzies announced on 17 December his choice of Townley as Ambassador to the United States, to succeed Sir Howard Beale, but he died at the Mercy Hospital East Melbourne a week later, survived by his wife and son.[1]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Broomhill, Ray (1981). "Townley, Athol Gordon (1905–1963)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Canberra: Australian National University. Retrieved 15 October 2007. 
Political offices
Preceded by
Bill Spooner
Minister for Social Services
1951–54
Succeeded by
William McMahon
Preceded by
William McMahon
Minister for Air
1954–56
Succeeded by
Frederick Osborne
Preceded by
Larry Anthony
Minister for Civil Aviation
1954–56
Succeeded by
Shane Paltridge
Preceded by
Harold Holt
Minister for Immigration
1956–58
Succeeded by
Alec Downer
Preceded by
Howard Beale
Minister for Supply
1958
Succeeded by
Alan Hulme
Preceded by
Philip McBride
Minister for Defence
1958–63
Succeeded by
Paul Hasluck
Parliament of Australia
Preceded by
John Gaha
Member for Denison
1949–64
Succeeded by
Adrian Gibson