Au Sable, New York
|Au Sable, New York|
|• Type||Town Council|
|• Town Supervisor||Sandy Senecal (D)|
|• Town Council|
|• Total||43.9 sq mi (113.6 km2)|
|• Land||39.1 sq mi (101.3 km2)|
|• Water||4.8 sq mi (12.3 km2)|
|Elevation||778 ft (237 m)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0978699|
The Town of Au Sable is in the southeast corner of the county, south of Plattsburgh.
The town was first settled around 1795. The town was formed from part of the Town of Peru in 1839.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 43.9 square miles (114 km2), of which 39.1 square miles (101 km2) is land and 4.8 square miles (12 km2) (10.85%) is water.
Interstate 87, the Adirondack Northway, is an important north-south highway in Ausable. U.S. Route 9 runs closer to Lake Champlain than the Northway. US Route 9N runs east-west along the south town line, joining US 9 in Keeseville. New York State Route 22 is a north-south highway mostly lying west of the Northway. RT 86 runs along the West Branch of the Au Sable River, which is popular for flyfishing.
As of the census of 2000, there were 3,015 people, 1,180 households, and 831 families residing in the town. The population density was 77.1 people per square mile (29.8/km²). There were 1,347 housing units at an average density of 34.4 per square mile (13.3/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.78% White, 0.80% African American, 0.23% Native American, 0.30% Asian, 0.27% from other races, and 0.63% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.33% of the population.
There were 1,180 households out of which 33.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.7% were married couples living together, 11.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.5% were non-families. 23.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 2.95.
In the town the population was spread out with 26.0% under the age of 18, 7.5% from 18 to 24, 29.1% from 25 to 44, 23.0% from 45 to 64, and 14.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 97.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.0 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $34,118, and the median income for a family was $39,906. Males had a median income of $30,213 versus $22,933 for females. The per capita income for the town was $15,789. About 7.7% of families and 12.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.9% of those under age 18 and 14.7% of those age 65 or over.
Communities and locations in Au Sable
- Ausable Beach – A location on the shore of Lake Champlain.
- Ausable Chasm – A deep gorge carved by the Ausable River. It is privately owned.
- Ausable Point State Beach – A beach on Lake Champlain.
- Ausable River – A river that flows along the town border to Lake Champlain.
- Birmingham Falls – A historic location near Keeseville.
- Clintonville – A hamlet near the south town line on NY 9N. The community was incorporated as a village in 1825, but later abandoned that status.
- Harkness – A hamlet near the north town line.
- Keese Corners – A location near the north town line.
- Keeseville – The Village of Keeseville on US-9 at the south town line.
- New Sweden – A historic location in the town.
- North Star Underground Railroad Museum operated by the North Country Underground Railroad Historical Association is on Mace Chasm Road in Ausable Chasm, on Route 71, south of the junction of route 373 and U.S. 9, southeast of Au Sable, NY.
- Rogers – A hamlet by the south town line on NY 9N.
- Thomasville – location in the southwest part of the town.
- Union – A historic location in the town at the north town line.
- Steven Engelhart and Linda M. Garofalini (February 1998). "National Register of Historic Places Registration: AuSable Chasm Bridge". New York State Office of Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation. Retrieved 2009-06-14. See also: "Accompanying 15 photos".
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.