Banjo uke

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Banjo ukulele
Ukulele.jpg
Classification String instrument (plucked)
Related instruments
Ukulele, banjo

The banjolele (brand name; sometimes banjo ukulele or banjo uke) is a four-stringed musical instrument with a small banjo-type body and a fretted ukulele neck. "Banjolele," sometimes also spelled "banjelele" or "banjulele" is a generic nickname[clarification needed] given to the instrument, which was derived from the "banjulele-banjo", introduced by Alvin D. Keech in 1917. [1]

The instrument achieved its greatest popularity in the 1920s and '30s, and combines the small scale, tuning, and playing style of a ukulele with the construction and distinctive tone of a banjo, hence the name. Its development was pushed by the need for vaudeville performers to have an instrument that played with the ease of the ukulele, but with more volume.

Construction and tuning[edit]

"My dog has fleas" tuning. About this sound Play 

Banjo ukuleles parallel banjo construction, on a smaller scale, in terms of overall construction. They are always fretted. Most are built of wood with metal accoutrements, although the mid-century "Dixie" brand featured banjoleles made from solid metal.

The banjolele neck typically has sixteen frets and is the same scale length as a soprano or, less commonly, concert-sized ukulele. Banjo ukuleles may be open-backed, or may incorporate a resonator.

Banjo ukulele heads were traditionally made of calf skin, but most modern instruments are fitted with synthetic heads. Some players prefer the natural skin heads for a more traditional tone. The bridge floats on the head and is held in place by the tension of the strings.

Like standard ukuleles, banjo ukuleles were originally outfitted with gut strings. Nylon strings are now typically used, sometimes with a wound third string.

The banjolele is commonly tuned GCEA ("C Tuning") or ADF#B ("D Tuning"), with a re-entrant 4th string. The ADF#B tuning often produces a more strident tone, and is used for this reason. Both of these tunings are known as "my dog has fleas" tunings (5th, Tonic, Maj 3rd, Maj 6th).

Popular culture[edit]

Banjo ukulele (77710352).jpg

The banjolele was the instrument played by British comedian George Formby (1904–61), who developed his own style of playing in accompaniment to his comic songs. His name is associated with the instrument more than that of any other musician.[2]

Other artists to make eminent use of the banjolele were Wendell Hall and Roy Smeck in the United States, and Billy "Uke" Scott in Great Britain.

In P.G. Wodehouse's 1934 novel Thank You, Jeeves, valet Jeeves is driven to resign over his employer Bertie Wooster's decision to take up the banjolele.

In Season 2 of Orange is the New Black, prison guard O'Neill excitedly tells Caputo about his purchase of a banjolele. He later plays it for a group of nuns.

Queen member Brian May used a banjolele in the song "Bring Back That Leroy Brown", which appeared on their third album Sheer Heart Attack, and also to compose – but not record, he used a regular ukulele instead – "Good Company" on the Night at the Opera album.

George Harrison favoured the instrument in his later years, using it in several recordings. For example, he played it on his song Any Road.[3]

Recent users have included Jeff Claus of The Horse Flies, Alan Randall, Andy Eastwood, Mr. B The Gentleman Rhymer, and Rebecca Sugar. The instrument can be heard in the theme song to the television show Arrested Development.

Manufacturers[edit]

Historical manufacturers


Current manufacturers

  • Waverly Street Ukuleles (USA)
  • Bean Sprout (USA)
  • Gold Tone (USA)
  • KALA Brand Music Company (USA)
  • Spanky Banjo Ukes (USA)
  • Tyler Mountain (South Korea)
  • Andy's Banjos (UK)
  • Lanikai (USA)
  • Flea Market Music (USA)
  • Musikalia - Dr. Alfio Leone (Italy)
  • Recording King (China)
  • Luna Guitars (China)
  • Cümbüş (Turkey)
  • Eddy Finn (China)

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Tranquada, Jim (2012). The Ukulele: a History. University of Hawaii Press. p. 37-39. ISBN 978-0-8248-3544-6. 
  2. ^ Whitcomb, Ian (2012). Ukulele Heroes: The Golden Age. Milwaukee, Wisconsin: Hal Leonard Books. p. 81. ISBN 978-1-4584-1654-4. 
  3. ^ http://www.jpgr.co.uk/r6601.html