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|Classification||String instrument (plucked)|
The banjolele (brand name; sometimes banjo ukulele or banjo uke) is a four-stringed musical instrument with a small banjo-type body and a fretted ukulele neck. "Banjolele," sometimes also spelled "banjelele" or "banjulele" is a generic nickname[clarification needed] given to the instrument, which was derived from the "banjulele-banjo", introduced by Alvin D. Keech in 1917. 
The instrument achieved its greatest popularity in the 1920s and '30s, and combines the small scale, tuning, and playing style of a ukulele with the construction and distinctive tone of a banjo, hence the name. Its development was pushed by the need for vaudeville performers to have an instrument that played with the ease of the ukulele, but with more volume.
Construction and tuning
Banjo ukuleles parallel banjo construction, on a smaller scale, in terms of overall construction. They are always fretted. Most are built of wood with metal accoutrements, although the mid-century "Dixie" brand featured banjoleles made from solid metal.
Banjo ukulele heads were traditionally made of calf skin, but most modern instruments are fitted with synthetic heads. Some players prefer the natural skin heads for a more traditional tone. The bridge floats on the head and is held in place by the tension of the strings.
The banjolele is commonly tuned GCEA ("C Tuning") or ADF#B ("D Tuning"), with a re-entrant 4th string. The ADF#B tuning often produces a more strident tone, and is used for this reason. Both of these tunings are known as "my dog has fleas" tunings (5th, Tonic, Maj 3rd, Maj 6th).
The banjolele was the instrument played by British comedian George Formby (1904–61), who developed his own style of playing in accompaniment to his comic songs. His name is associated with the instrument more than that of any other musician.
In Season 2 of Orange is the New Black, prison guard O'Neill excitedly tells Caputo about his purchase of a banjolele. He later plays it for a group of nuns.
Queen member Brian May used a banjolele in the song "Bring Back That Leroy Brown", which appeared on their third album Sheer Heart Attack, and also to compose – but not record, he used a regular ukulele instead – "Good Company" on the Night at the Opera album.
Recent users have included Jeff Claus of The Horse Flies, Alan Randall, Andy Eastwood, Mr. B The Gentleman Rhymer, and Rebecca Sugar. The instrument can be heard in the theme song to the television show Arrested Development.
- George S. Sandstrom. Oakland CA. (USA)
- Dixie (USA)
- Gibson Guitar Corporation (USA)
- Ludwig (USA)
- Mahattan Band Instrument, Inc. (1921-1932) (USA)
- Slingerland Drum Company (USA)
- Dayton String Instrument Co. (USA)
- Kay / Stromberg-Voisinet (USA)
- J. G. Abbott (UK)
- John Grey & Sons (UK)
- Dallas (UK)
- G.H&S. (UK)
- Waverly Street Ukuleles (USA)
- Bean Sprout (USA)
- Gold Tone (USA)
- KALA Brand Music Company (USA)
- Spanky Banjo Ukes (USA)
- Tyler Mountain (South Korea)
- Andy's Banjos (UK)
- Lanikai (USA)
- Flea Market Music (USA)
- Musikalia - Dr. Alfio Leone (Italy)
- Recording King (China)
- Luna Guitars (China)
- Cümbüş (Turkey)
- Eddy Finn (China)
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