The Swedish Rail Administration (Swedish: Banverket) was a government agency that owned and maintained virtually all railway lines in Sweden except many short sidings for freight only. It was formed in 1988 when Statens Järnvägar was split, leaving Statens Järnvägar as mainly a train operator and real estate owner, only to be split again in 2001. Its headquarters were located in Borlänge.
The Swedish Railway Inspectorate (Järnvägsinspektionen) was a part of Banverket until 2004, when the Swedish Rail Agency (Järnvägsstyrelsen) was formed, taking over its responsibilities. The Swedish Rail Agency was incorporated into the newly formed Swedish Transport Agency (Transportstyrelsen) in 2009.
The agency was merged with the Swedish Road Administration (Vägverket) on 1 April 2010 to create the new Swedish Transport Administration (Trafikverket).
- Jan Brandborn 1988-1995
- Monica Andersson 1995-1997
- Bo Bylund 1997-2005
- Per-Olof Granbom 2006-2008
- Minoo Akhtarzand 2008-2010