Bill Johnson (skier)
|— Alpine skier —|
|Disciplines||Downhill, Super G, Combined|
March 30, 1960 |
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
|Height||5 ft 9 in (1.75 m)|
|World Cup debut||February 5, 1983 (age 22)|
|Retired||March 1990 (age 30)|
|Teams||1 – (1984)|
|Medals||1 (1 gold)|
|Teams||1 – (1985)|
|Seasons||8 – (1983–1990)|
|Wins||3 – (3 DH)|
|Podiums||3 – (3 DH)|
|Overall titles||0 – (14th in 1984)|
|Discipline titles||0 – (3rd in DH, 1984)|
William Dean "Bill" Johnson (born March 30, 1960) is a former World Cup alpine ski racer from the United States. He was the first American male to win an Olympic gold medal in alpine skiing, winning the downhill at the 1984 Winter Olympics in Sarajevo, Yugoslavia. He was the first racer (of either gender) from outside the Alps to win an Olympic downhill.
Born in Los Angeles, California, Johnson's family moved to Boise, Idaho, when he was seven and he learned to ski at Bogus Basin in the late 1960s. Two years later, they moved to Brightwood, Oregon, near Mount Hood, and Johnson later attended Sandy Union High School in Sandy. He was a troubled youth who began competitive skiing on nearby Mount Hood as a means of harnessing his energy. After a run-in with the law at age 17, the juvenile defendant was given the choice between six months in jail or attending the Mission Ridge ski academy in central Washington state, and he chose the latter. His talent in the downhill event eventually landed him a spot on the U.S. Ski Team. Johnson made his World Cup debut in February 1983 and finished sixth in the downhill at St. Anton, Austria.
In 1984 at age 23, Johnson challenged the long-established European domination of downhill ski racing. After mostly undistinguished finishes, his unexpected victory on January 15, on the storied Lauberhorn course at Wengen, Switzerland, was the first for an American male in World Cup downhill competition.
A month later at the 1984 Winter Olympics in Sarajevo, Yugoslavia (now Bosnia), he had promising downhill training runs on a course that favored his gliding style. He boldly predicted his Olympic victory, evoking comparisons to Joe Namath and Muhammad Ali, and irking his European competitors. His gold medal win at Bjelašnica in a time of 1:45.59 edged out silver medalist Peter Müller of Switzerland by 0.27 seconds.
After two more World Cup downhill victories in Aspen and Whistler in March 1984, Johnson was at the top of his sport. With four downhill wins in just two months, he was an Olympic champion and finished third in the downhill season standings. But after the 1984 season, his best results were two 7th place finishes: at Wengen in January 1985 and at Whistler in March 1986. His brashness made him unpopular with the Europeans fans and competitors. Three days late to a training camp, financial support was withdrawn in May 1985, but he returned to the team several months later.
Due to injuries to his left knee in December 1986 and back which required surgery, and more significantly, sagging results, Johnson was left off the U.S. team for the 1988 Winter Olympics in Calgary, unable to defend his gold medal. A month later he was suspended from the team and missed the final events of the 1988 season. It was later disclosed he had a locker room scuffle with an assistant coach in November 1987. By the end of the decade, he was done as a serious competitor; he retired after the 1990 season.
Soon after his Olympic win, Johnson openly voiced his strong opinions about amateurism in ski racing and the U.S. Ski Team's handling of his finances. He attempted to start a professional circuit of downhill racing in 1985 to compete with the World Cup, but it failed to gain momentum.
Johnson's Olympic career was the subject of a 1985 TV movie called Going for the Gold: The Bill Johnson Story, featuring future ER actor Anthony Edwards in the title role. It first aired in May and also included Dennis Weaver and Sarah Jessica Parker.
Johnson has 2 sons, named Tyler and Nick. Johnson’s stated personal motto (tattooed on his arm) was "Ski To Die."
Johnson's personal life suffered as well, when his 13-month-old son, Ryan, drowned in a hot tub in 1992. At age 40, his marriage ended in divorce, and he was bankrupt and living in his class A motorhome when he mounted an improbable comeback bid for the 2002 Winter Olympics in Salt Lake City. The comeback ended abruptly on March 22, 2001, when Johnson crashed horribly during a training run prior to the downhill race of the 2001 U.S. Alpine Championships, held at The Big Mountain near Whitefish, Montana. He sustained serious injury to the left side of his brain, nearly bit off his tongue, and was comatose for three weeks.
In 2010, Johnson lived in Zigzag, near Mount Hood, and remained brain-damaged and in need of constant care, mostly from his mother. He became slightly more functional, though his speech and memory were permanently impaired.
Later in 2010 Johnson, who had suffered a series of mini-strokes over the course of the previous ten years, fell victim to a massive stroke and was moved to a long-term care facility in Gresham, Oregon. Due to the stroke, Johnson no longer has the ability to sit up unassisted and cannot use his right hand. He also lost sight in his left eye and further lost the ability to speak above a whisper. He also suffers great pain when swallowing, which makes feeding him difficult.
In June 2013, Johnson contracted an infection that nearly took his life. He was placed on life support while doctors worked to fight the infection. Johnson elected in July to remove himself from life support and refuse further treatment. He has said that the next time something like this happens, his wishes are to be left alone so he can die. As of February, 2014, after a return to long-term care, he was free of infection, able to move one side of his body, eat and smoke with assistance, and communicate using a letter board. According to The Oregonian he enjoys receiving letters and gifts from his fans.
World Cup results
|1987||26||(103)||injured in Dec 1986, out for season|
|1988||27||(116)||no World Cup points|
- Points were only awarded for top 15 finishes (see scoring system).
Top ten finishes
- 3 wins – (3 DH)
- 3 podiums – (3 DH), 11 top ten finishes (11 DH)
|1983||11 Feb 1983||St. Anton, Austria||Downhill||6th|
|1984||15 Jan 1984||Wengen, Switzerland||Downhill||1st|
|2 Feb 1984||Cortina d'Ampezzo, Italy||Downhill||4th|
|1984 Winter Olympics|
|4 Mar 1984||Aspen, CO, USA||Downhill||1st|
|11 Mar 1984||Whistler, BC, Canada||Downhill||1st|
|1985||19 Jan 1985||Wengen, Switzerland||Downhill||10th|
|20 Jan 1985||Downhill||7th|
|1986||18 Jan 1986||Kitzbühel, Austria||Downhill||8th|
|7 Feb 1986||Morzine, France||Downhill||10th|
|21 Feb 1986||Åre, Sweden||Downhill||9th|
|15 Mar 1986||Whistler, BC, Canada||Downhill||7th|
- YouTube video – 1984 Olympic downhill – ABC-TV broadcast – 1984-02-16
- YouTube video – Johnson's Whitefish crash – 2001-03-22
- "Mom skies over skier". Eugene Register-Guard. Associated Press. February 17, 1984. p. 3D.
- "Johnson's Parents Buoyed By Victory". Toledo Blade. Associated Press. February 17, 1984. p. 17.
- "Johnson nearly paid the price for jail stop". Daytona Beach Morning Journal. Associated Press. February 19, 1984. p. 10D.
- "Bill Johnson surprises in World Cup downhill". Reading Eagle. Associated Press. January 16, 1984. p. 25.
- Richman, Milton (February 17, 1984). "Brash Bill Johnson makes honesty pay". Ellensburg (WA) Daily Record. UPI. p. 9.
- "Johnson wins Olympic downhill gold". Ellensburg (WA) Daily Record. UPI. February 16, 1984. p. 10.
- FIS-ski.com - 1984 Olympic Downhill - top 15 finishers - accessed 2010-12-27
- FIS-ski.com - World Cup season standings - Bill Johnson - 1983-86 - accessed 2010-12-27
- Johnson, William Oscar (January 28, 1985). "Rub-a-dub-dub, he was splashier in the tub". Sports Illustrated: 34.
- Abt, Samuel (January 26, 1985). "One year later, Bill Johnson hasn't mellowed". Spokesman-Review. (New York Times). p. 16.
- "U.S. Ski Team breaks with Bill Johnson". Tuscaloosa News. Associated Press. May 23, 1985. p. 18.
- Fiedler, Frank (May 22, 1985). "Johnson's role still a big puzzle". Bend (OR) Bulletin. p. D-2.
- "Bill Johnson plans return to ski team". Bend (OR) Bulletin. UPI. August 1, 1985. p. D1.
- "U.S. Olympian Bill Johnson hurt". Eugene Register-Guard. Associated Press. December 13, 1986. p. 13D.
- "Olympic downhill champion Bill Johnson is hurt in spill". Gainesville Sun. Associated Press. December 13, 1986. p. 3C.
- Johnson, William Oscar (December 21, 1987). "Uphill in the downhill". Sports Illustrated: 66.
- "U.S. Alpine team picked". Bend (OR) Bulletin. UPI. February 3, 1988. p. D4.
- "Bill Johnson left off U.S. Olympic team". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. February 4, 1988. p. 24.
- Mossman, John (March 11, 1988). "U.S. Ski Team suspends unconcerned Bill Johnson". Associated Press. p. 4D.
- "Johnson fights". Spokesman-Review. February 14, 1988. p. D2.
- "Bill Johnson retires". Eugene Register-Guard. Associated Press. February 22, 1990. p. 4D.
- Moffett, Dan (April 14, 1984). "Skier Johnson a modern day Downhill Racer". Palm Beach Post. p. A1.
- "Gold medal winner Johnson enjoys new celebrity status". Spokesman-Review. Associated Press. May 4, 1984. p. 27.
- Thomas, Jim (May 6, 1984). "A confident view of life". Bend (OR) Bulletin. p. E1.
- Akre, Brian S. (May 13, 1985). "Bill Johnson: Hypocrisy forcing downhill racers to form pro circuit". Spokane Chronicle. Associated Press. p. C1.
- Smith, Sid (May 25, 1985). "Actor shedding his ugly duckling image". Deseret News. (Chicago Tribune). p. 8A.
- "Going for the Gold: The Bill Johnson Story". IMDb.com. (TV movie). 1985. Retrieved February 11, 2014.
- "Bill Johnson hurt on ski mountain". Lodi News-Sentinel. Associated Press. March 23, 2001. p. 13.
- Donahue, Bill (February 2002). "End of the Run". Outside Magazine. Retrieved February 11, 2014.
- Canzano, John (February 2, 2010). "Winter Olympics hero Bill Johnson remains at home on the mountain, even after pain replaces fame". The Oregonian. Archived from the original on 5 February 2010. Retrieved February 4, 2010.
- Erskine, Chris (February 4, 2010). "Life catches up to skier "Wild Bill" Johnson". The Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on 12 March 2010. Retrieved March 3, 2010.
- "Skier Bill Johnson's health in decline". Seattle Times. February 9, 2012. Retrieved February 13, 2013.
- "Bill Johnson's health deteriorating". ESPN. Associated Press. July 17, 2013. Retrieved February 8, 2013.
- . February 15, 2014 http://www.oregonlive.com/sports/oregonian/john_canzano/index.ssf/2014/02/canzano_bill_johnson_remains_a.html. Retrieved September 28, 2014. Missing or empty
- FIS-ski.com - race results - Bill Johnson
- Jennifer Woodlief (2006). Ski to Die : The Bill Johnson Story. Cincinnati: Emmis Books. ISBN 1-57860-248-3.
- ESPN.com - 'They should hand (the gold medal) to me' - January 8, 2002
- Bill Johnson at the International Ski Federation
- FIS-Ski.com – World Cup season standings – Bill Johnson
- Ski-db.com – results – Bill Johnson
- Sports Reference.com – Olympic results – Bill Johnson
- Sports Illustrated – cover – 27-Feb-1984 – Olympic Downhill Champion
- They Saved the Best for Last – by William Oscar Johnson