|William Roark "Bill" Ratliff|
|40th Lieutenant Governor of Texas|
December 28, 2000 – January 21, 2003
|Preceded by||Rick Perry|
|Succeeded by||David Dewhurst|
|Member of The Texas Senate from the 1st District|
|Succeeded by||Kevin Eltife|
|Born||August 16, 1936|
|Spouse(s)||Sally Sandlin Ratliff|
|Children||Three children, including:|
|Residence||Mount Pleasant, Texas|
|Alma mater||University of Texas (B.S.)|
William Roark Ratliff, known as Bill Ratliff (born August 16, 1936), is a Texas politician who served as a member of the Texas State Senate from 1988 to 2004. Between 2000 and 2003 he served as the 40th Lieutenant Governor of Texas, after previous Lieutenant Governor Rick Perry succeeded to the governorship to replace George W. Bush who resigned to become President of the United States.
Bill Ratliff was educated at Sonora High School in Sonora in Sutton County in West Texas and then at the University of Texas at Austin, where he studied civil engineering. Ratliff, along with brothers Shannon and Jack, was a member of the Phi Gamma Delta fraternity. He then worked as a civil engineer for thirty years.
He was first elected in 1988 as a Republican to the Texas State Senate from the district including his city of residence, Mount Pleasant in Titus County in northeast Texas. In 1992, he was appointed chairman of the Senate Education Committee by Lieutenant Governor Bob Bullock. From 1997 to 1998, he served as President Pro Tempore of the Texas Senate. During his time in the Senate, he supported the "Robin Hood" education program, involving transfer of funds from wealthier to poorer school districts for a more equitable education funding scheme. The plan was roundly repudiated by voters in a special election referendum held in May 1993.
Ratliff and his wife, the former Sally Sandlin (born ca. 1936), have three children and eight grandchildren. His oldest son, Bennett Ratliff (born Aug. 18, 1961) of Coppell, Texas, was elected in 2012 to represent District 115 in the Texas House of Representatives. His youngest son, Robert Thomas Ratliff (born ca. 1967) of Mt. Pleasant, is a member of the Texas State Board of Education.
He announced in 2003 that he would not run for reelection to the State Senate in 2004. Instead he soon resigned the Senate seat and was succeeded in a special election by Republican Kevin Eltife of Tyler. In 2005, Ratliff was awarded the John F. Kennedy Profile in Courage Award for "the example he has set of courage and principle in American public life".
In 2000, for the first time in Texas history, the Texas State Senate was called upon to choose a new lieutenant governor after the election of George W. Bush as President of the United States and the resultant succession of lieutenant governor Rick Perry to become governor. In accordance with a 1984 amendment to the Texas Constitution of 1876, the Texas Senate chooses one of its own members to fill a vacancy in the position of lieutenant governor.
In the election for lieutenant governor, Ratliff defeated rival David Sibley of Waco, a more conservative Republican, 16-15. Most of Ratliff's votes came from Democratic state senators. In 2010, Sibley, as a retired senator, was defeated in a special election in District 22 created by the resignation of Republican Senator Kip Averitt of Waco. Sibley lost to the even more conservative Brian Birdwell of Granbury.
In 2001, Ratliff first announced that he would be a candidate for election to a full four-year term to the office of Lieutenant Governor in the 2002 state elections, and he received the endorsement of several prominent Republican legislators. However, he later withdrew from the race, and the position went to David Dewhurst, the Texas land commissioner.
Ratliff is regarded as a moderate; he stated in an interview, "I am a Republican because I agree with the Republicans at least 51 percent of the time." He has taken bipartisan stands on a number of issues. While in the Texas Senate, he supported controversial reforms that transferred funds from richer to poorer school districts for more equitable funding. He also argued in favor of "patients' rights" in medical malpractice cases during a debate on tort reform, and in 2003 criticized other members of the State Senate for failing to raise taxes in order to prevent large budget cuts.
In early 2003, Ratliff was the only dissenting member of his party who joined with Democratic state senators in opposing a redistricting proposal of Texas's then thirty-two seats in the United States House of Representatives that he felt would lead to the under-representation of rural voters. In cooperation with ten Democrats, he signed a letter refusing to bring the matter to the Senate floor, which, by virtue of Texas Senate traditions that require a two-thirds vote of those present and voting to allow a bill to be debated, prevented the proposal from being passed.
Eventually a plan suitable to Republicans was enacted in the third of three special legislative sessions called in 2003 by Governor Perry. Under that plan, by 2011, Republicans held twenty-three U.S. House seats from Texas compared to nine for Democrats.
- Bill Ratliff, Texas State Politics, University of Texas
- Bill Ratliff, A New Texas Star?, National Conference of State Legislatures, April 2001
- Bill Ratliff Calls It Quits, Austin Chronicle, 28 November 2003
- Bill Ratliff, John F. Kennedy Library Foundation
- Prominent Texas Republican Senators and House Members Support Lt. Governor Bill Ratliff as He Announces Plans to Run, Business Wire, 26 May 2001
|Lieutenant Governor of Texas
December 28, 2000–January 21, 2003