Bounty Islands

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Bounty Islands
Bounty Islands map.png
Map of Bounty Islands
NZOffshoreIslandsMap.png
The position of the Bounty Islands relative to New Zealand, and other outlying islands.
Geography
Coordinates 47°45′S 179°03′E / 47.750°S 179.050°E / -47.750; 179.050Coordinates: 47°45′S 179°03′E / 47.750°S 179.050°E / -47.750; 179.050
Area 1.35 km2 (0.52 sq mi)
Country
Demographics
Population Uninhabited
Salvin's Albatross in flight
The islands are important as a nesting site for Salvin's Albatrosses

The Bounty Islands are a small group of 13 uninhabited granite islets and numerous rocks, with a combined area of 135 ha (330 acres), in the south Pacific Ocean that are territorially part of New Zealand. They lie about 670 km (416 mi) east-south-east of the South Island of New Zealand, and 530 km (329 mi) south-west of the Chatham Islands. The group is a World Heritage Site.[1]

History[edit]

The Bounty Islands were discovered by Captain William Bligh in 1788 and named after his ship, HMS Bounty, just months before the famous mutiny. During the 19th century, they were a popular hunting ground for sealers.

Flora and fauna[edit]

Ecologically, the islands are part of the Antipodes Subantarctic Islands tundra ecoregion. Plants include Cook's Scurvy Grass. The group is home to large numbers of seabirds.

Important Bird Area[edit]

The Bounty group has been identified as an Important Bird Area (IBA) by BirdLife International because of its significance as a breeding site for Erect-crested Penguins, Salvin's Albatrosses and Bounty Shags.[2]

Geography[edit]

The whole chain is only 5 km (3.1 mi) across at its longest axis, and comprises three subgroups, the largest Main Group to the north-west, the Centre Group and the East Group. The total area is only 1.35 km2 (0.52 sq mi), and the highest point, on Funnel Island, is 73 metres (240 ft) above sea level. The islands are at the antipodes of Bouillé-Ménard, in France (Pays-de-la-Loire).

Islands[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ New Zealand Sub-Antarctic Islands. Whc.unesco.org (2013-06-27). Retrieved on 2013-08-02.
  2. ^ BirdLife International. (2012). Important Bird Areas factsheet: Bounty Islands. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 2012-01-27.