Brickendon

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Brickendon
Brickendon is located in Hertfordshire
Brickendon
Brickendon
 Brickendon shown within Hertfordshire
OS grid reference TL322074
Civil parish Brickendon Liberty
District East Hertfordshire
Shire county Hertfordshire
Region East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town HERTFORD
Postcode district SG13
Police Hertfordshire
Fire Hertfordshire
Ambulance East of England
EU Parliament East of England
List of places
UK
England
Hertfordshire

Coordinates: 51°45′00″N 0°05′00″W / 51.75°N 0.0833°W / 51.75; -0.0833

Brickendon is a village in the civil parish of Brickendon Liberty in the district of East Hertfordshire about 3 miles (4.8 km) south of the county town Hertford, and is served by Bayford railway station.

Centred on a traditional village green and a friendly village pub, The Farmer's Boy, there is an active community with several clubs and activities. The parish (rather than just the village) has won several awards in the Hertfordshire Village of the Year contest in recent years.

The name is said to have come from a Saxon by the name of Bricca who laid claim to the hill site, the Saxon word 'don' meaning a hill; thus Bricca's Hill. In the Domesday Book the name appears as Brichendone. The manor of Brickendon was held by the canons and later the monks of Waltham Abbey (abbey), Essex, from about 1060 until the Dissolution of the Monasteries. Henry II created the liberty of Brickendon - see Liberty (division) - in about 1174/84 which granted the abbot freedom from certain taxes normally due to the crown.

The chapel, dedicated to the Holy Cross and St Alban, was built in 1932 on land and with funds donated by Constance Demain Saunders and her mother Minnie Kingsley. It is part of the ecclesiastical parish of Bayford within the Hartford Hundred West group of parishes.

Brickendon Grange was built by Benjamin Cherry in 1859 and is now a golf club designed by CK Cotton. Fanshaws mansion, built in 1885 by Henry Wilson Demain Saunders, is now the headquarters of the Institute of the Motor Industry.

The former manor house at Brickendonbury was used as a spy training centre during World War II as Station XVII of the Special Operations Executive (SOE) and is now home to the Tan Abdul Razak Research Centre of the Malaysian Rubber Board.

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