Buffalo City Metropolitan Municipality

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Buffalo City
Metropolitan municipality
Official seal of Buffalo City
Seal
Location in the Eastern Cape
Location in the Eastern Cape
Coordinates: 32°59′S 27°52′E / 32.983°S 27.867°E / -32.983; 27.867Coordinates: 32°59′S 27°52′E / 32.983°S 27.867°E / -32.983; 27.867
Country South Africa
Province Eastern Cape
Seat East London
Wards 50
Government[3]
 • Type Municipal council
 • Mayor Zukisa Faku[1]
 • Manager Andile Fani[2]
Area
 • Total 2,536 km2 (979 sq mi)
Population (2011)[4]
 • Total 755,200
 • Density 300/km2 (770/sq mi)
Racial makeup (2011)[4]
 • Black African 85.1%
 • Coloured 6.0%
 • Indian/Asian 0.8%
 • White 7.7%
First languages (2011)[4]
 • Xhosa 78.8%
 • English 11.0%
 • Afrikaans 7.2%
 • Other 3%
Time zone SAST (UTC+2)
Municipal code BUF

Buffalo City is a metropolitan municipality situated on the east coast of Eastern Cape Province, South Africa. It includes the towns of East London, Bhisho and King William's Town, as well as the large townships of Mdantsane and Zwelitsha.

The municipality was established as a local municipality in 2000 after South Africa's reorganisation of municipal areas, and is named after the Buffalo River, at whose mouth lies the only river port in South Africa. On 18 May 2011 it was separated from the Amathole District Municipality and converted into a metropolitan municipality.

The area has a well-developed manufacturing base, with the auto industry playing a major role. DaimlerChrysler has a large assembly plant located next to the port of East London, which produces a variety of vehicles for export.

The climate is mild, with year-round sunshine. Average rainfall is 850mm (33.5 inches).

The population of 701,873 (2001) is largely Black (85.2%), with White (8.4%) and Coloured (5.7%) minorities. There is also a small Indian community (0.6%).

The previous mayor, Rev. Sindisile Maclean (ANC), was elected in 2000. History was made in Buffalo City when the City elected its first female mayor on Friday, 17 March 2006. Ntombentle Peter was voted in as Executive Mayor at the inaugural meeting of the new council following the municipal elections.

Main places[edit]

The 2001 census divided the municipality into the following main places:[5]

Place Code Area (km2) Population
Airport Township 21401 1.15 2,689
Amagasela 21402 87.65 14,625
Amahleke 21403 22.02 7,006
Amandlambe 21404 119.89 13,259
Amantinde 21405 24.12 9,854
Area North 1924 21406 7.15 6,216
Berlin 21407 38.25 2,078
Bhisho 21408 5.76 6,479
Breidbach 21409 8.34 6,722
Cambridge 21411 3.08 5,687
Dimbaza 21412 10.24 23,424
Duncan Village 21413 1.90 41,003
East London 21414 156.70 135,560
Egoli Township 21415 0.35 1,854
Eluxolweni Part 1 21416 1.31 5,171
Eluxolweni Part 2 21455 3.21 2,160
Eluxozweni 21417 0.42 743
Ententeni 21418 0.84 3,030
Gompo Town 21419 0.72 2,832
Gonubie 21420 9.99 8,033
Ilitha 21421 2.92 7,242
Imidashane 21422 41.24 7,956
Imidushane 21423 3.52 0
Imiqayi 21424 34.54 2,672
Jaftas 21425 14.83 1,463
Joseph Williams 21426 14.54 720
Kambashe 21427 11.46 777
Kayser's Beach 21428 3.11 351
Khambashe 21429 392.99 41,005
Kidd's Beach 21430 0.59 436
King Williams Town 21431 55.98 28,121
Macleantown 21432 8.64 342
Mdantsane 21433 77.17 175,789
Mzamonhle 21434 0.53 7,123
Nahoon Dam Settlement 21435 0.95 138
Needs Camp 21436 8.94 6,138
Newlands 21437 57.27 19,057
Nompumelelo 21438 0.38 3,806
Park Ridge 21439 1.04 5,440
Parkside 21440 1.04 1,308
Peelton 21441 44.53 6,398
Pefferville 21442 1.17 24,409
Phakamisa 21443 0.22 698
Phato 21444 216.13 14,050
Pierie Main Forest 21445 0.30 248
Pirie 21446 25.55 3,018
Reeston 21447 4.65 6,266
Sea Vale 21448 0.79 312
Silverdale 21449 3.19 395
Skobeni 21450 2.80 2,291
Sunrise-On-Sea 21451 0.66 692
Tyusha 21452 14.84 1,605
Umqwakwebe 21453 7.78 1,489
Zwelitsha 21454 7.87 19,633
Remainder of the municipality 21410 950.64 12,129

Politics[edit]

The municipal council consists of one hundred members elected by mixed-member proportional representation. Fifty councillors are elected by first-past-the-post voting in fifty wards, while the remaining fifty are chosen from party lists so that the total number of party representatives is proportional to the number of votes received. In the election of 18 May 2011 the African National Congress (ANC) won a majority of seventy-one seats on the council. The following table shows the results of the election.[6][7]

Party Votes Seats
Ward List Total  % Ward List Total
African National Congress 150,914 146,919 297,833 70.0 43 28 71
Democratic Alliance 44,083 43,062 87,145 20.5 7 14 21
Congress of the People 4,296 7,867 12,163 2.9 0 3 3
Pan Africanist Congress 4,493 3,536 8,029 1.9 0 2 2
African Independent Congress 355 7,616 7,971 1.9 0 2 2
Independent 5,668 5,668 1.3 0 0
African Christian Democratic Party 1,687 1,485 3,172 0.7 0 1 1
United Democratic Movement 1,130 1,563 2,693 0.6 0 0 0
Pan Africanist Movement 279 492 771 0.2 0 0 0
Total 212,905 212,540 425,445 100.0 50 50 100
Spoilt votes 3,408 4,016 7,424

Hospitals[edit]

The following hospitals are located in the municipal area:[8]

Town twinning[edit]

Buffalo City's town twins are:

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Cities Leadership Timeline". State of the Cities Report 2011. South African Cities Network. Retrieved 23 May 2011. 
  2. ^ Buffalo City official webpage retrieved 27 March 2012
  3. ^ "Contact list: Executive Mayors". Government Communication & Information System. Retrieved 22 February 2012. 
  4. ^ a b c "Metropolitan Municipality". Statistics South Africa. Retrieved 11 September 2013. 
  5. ^ Lookup Tables - Statistics South Africa
  6. ^ "Results Summary – All Ballots: Buffalo City Metropolitan Municipality". Independent Electoral Commission. Retrieved 24 November 2013. 
  7. ^ "Seat Calculation Detail: Buffalo City Metropolitan Municipality". Independent Electoral Commission. Retrieved 24 November 2013. 
  8. ^ Eastern Cape Dept of Health official website
  9. ^ Life Healthcare
  10. ^ Bhisho Hospital webpage
  11. ^ News article: Mt Coke hospital to get major facelift (published on 27 March 2007)

External links[edit]