Buffalo City Metropolitan Municipality
Location in the Eastern Cape
|• Type||Municipal council|
|• Mayor||Zukisa Faku|
|• Manager||Andile Fani|
|• Total||2,536 km2 (979 sq mi)|
|• Density||300/km2 (770/sq mi)|
|Racial makeup (2011)|
|• Black African||85.1%|
|First languages (2011)|
|Time zone||SAST (UTC+2)|
Buffalo City is a metropolitan municipality situated on the east coast of Eastern Cape Province, South Africa. It includes the towns of East London, Bhisho and King William's Town, as well as the large townships of Mdantsane and Zwelitsha.
The municipality was established as a local municipality in 2000 after South Africa's reorganisation of municipal areas, and is named after the Buffalo River, at whose mouth lies the only river port in South Africa. On 18 May 2011 it was separated from the Amathole District Municipality and converted into a metropolitan municipality.
The area has a well-developed manufacturing base, with the auto industry playing a major role. DaimlerChrysler has a large assembly plant located next to the port of East London, which produces a variety of vehicles for export.
The climate is mild, with year-round sunshine. Average rainfall is 850mm (33.5 inches).
The population of 701,873 (2001) is largely Black (85.2%), with White (8.4%) and Coloured (5.7%) minorities. There is also a small Indian community (0.6%).
The previous mayor, Rev. Sindisile Maclean (ANC), was elected in 2000. History was made in Buffalo City when the City elected its first female mayor on Friday, 17 March 2006. Ntombentle Peter was voted in as Executive Mayor at the inaugural meeting of the new council following the municipal elections.
The municipal council consists of one hundred members elected by mixed-member proportional representation. Fifty councillors are elected by first-past-the-post voting in fifty wards, while the remaining fifty are chosen from party lists so that the total number of party representatives is proportional to the number of votes received. In the election of 18 May 2011 the African National Congress (ANC) won a majority of seventy-one seats on the council. The following table shows the results of the election.
|African National Congress||150,914||146,919||297,833||70.0||43||28||71|
|Congress of the People||4,296||7,867||12,163||2.9||0||3||3|
|Pan Africanist Congress||4,493||3,536||8,029||1.9||0||2||2|
|African Independent Congress||355||7,616||7,971||1.9||0||2||2|
|African Christian Democratic Party||1,687||1,485||3,172||0.7||0||1||1|
|United Democratic Movement||1,130||1,563||2,693||0.6||0||0||0|
|Pan Africanist Movement||279||492||771||0.2||0||0||0|
The following hospitals are located in the municipal area:
- Life Beacon Bay Hospital 
- Bhisho Provincial Hospital
- Cecilia Makiwane Hospital (Mdantsane)
- Duncan Village Day Hospital
- East London Private Hospital
- Fort Grey TB Hospital
- Frere Hospital
- Grey Provincial Hospital (King William's Town)
- Grey Monument Private Clinic (King William's Town)
- Mount Coke Hospital (replaced by Bhisho Hospital in December 1991)
- Nkqubela Chest Hospital (Mdantsane)
- St Dominic’s Hospital
- St James Hospital
- St Marks Clinic
Buffalo City's town twins are:
- "Cities Leadership Timeline". State of the Cities Report 2011. South African Cities Network. Retrieved 23 May 2011.
- Buffalo City official webpage retrieved 27 March 2012
- "Contact list: Executive Mayors". Government Communication & Information System. Retrieved 22 February 2012.
- "Table: Census 2011 by district council, gender, age in 5 year groups and population group". Statistics South Africa. Retrieved 6 November 2012.
- "Table: Census 2011 by district council, gender, language and population group". Statistics South Africa. Retrieved 6 November 2012.
- Lookup Tables - Statistics South Africa
- "Results Summary – All Ballots: Buffalo City Metropolitan Municipality". Independent Electoral Commission. Retrieved 24 November 2013.
- "Seat Calculation Detail: Buffalo City Metropolitan Municipality". Independent Electoral Commission. Retrieved 24 November 2013.
- Eastern Cape Dept of Health official website
- Life Healthcare
- Bhisho Hospital webpage
- News article: Mt Coke hospital to get major facelift (published on 27 March 2007)