Buick Y-Job

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Buick Y-Job
Buick Y.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer Buick
Model years 1938
Designer Harley J. Earl
Body and chassis
Class Concept car
Body style 2-door coupe
Powertrain
Engine 5.2-liter (320 ci) Buick straight-8
Dimensions
Wheelbase 126 in (3,200 mm) [1]
Length 208.7 in (5,301 mm) [2]
1950 Buick convertible, using styling cues from the Buick Y-Job

The Buick Y-Job was the auto industry's first concept car, produced by Buick (a division of General Motors), in 1938.[3] Designed by Harley J. Earl, the car had power-operated hidden headlamps, a "gunsight" hood ornament, electric windows,[4] wraparound bumpers, flush door handles, and prefigured styling cues used by Buick until the 1950s and the vertical waterfall grille design still used by Buick today.

The car itself was actually driven for a number of years by Harley Earl, until he replaced it with a 1951 model car. Sometime after that, the car was restored at the Henry Ford Museum, until 1993 when it was returned to the GM Design Center.[5]

The "Y" in the name has two explanations:

  • All experimental cars were called "X", so Earl simply went to the next letter in the alphabet.[6]
  • The "Y" designation was selected by Earl because it was used extensively in the aviation industry denoting the most advanced prototypes.[4]

In 2001, Buick recreated the Y-job with modern advancements called the Buick Blackhawk drawing extensively from the Y-job.

Buick Y-Job, the first concept car
Front view 
Rear view 

References[edit]

  1. ^ "1938 Buick Y-Job Concept Images, Information and History (YJob, Dream Car, First Concept Car)". Conceptcarz.com. Retrieved 2012-05-31. 
  2. ^ "Buick Y-Job Concept". Supercars.net. 2004-03-01. Retrieved 2012-05-31. 
  3. ^ "Inside Line: News, Road Tests, Auto Shows, Car Photos and Videos". Edmunds.com. 2009-01-22. Retrieved 2011-03-21. 
  4. ^ a b Concept Cars by Larry Edsall pp19 Edizione White Star ISBN 978-88-8095-956-4
  5. ^ "1938 Buick Y-Job Concept Images, Information and History (YJob, Dream Car, First Concept Car)". Conceptcarz.com. Retrieved 2011-03-21. 
  6. ^ "1938 Buick Y-Job and Harley Earl-GM PhotoStore". Gmphotostore.com. Retrieved 2011-03-21. 

External links[edit]