Bun

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For other uses, see Bun (disambiguation).
Bun
Saffron bun 20051213 001.jpg
A Swedish-style saffron bun usually made during Christmas season, more specifically on Saint Lucy's Day
Main ingredients
Flour, sugar, butter, milk, yeast, cardamom
Cookbook:Bun  Bun

A bun is a small, sometimes sweet, bread or bread roll. Though they come in many shapes and sizes, they are most commonly hand-sized or smaller, with a round top and flat bottom.

Buns are usually made from flour, sugar, milk, yeast and butter. Common varieties contain small fruit or nuts, are topped with icing or caramel, or filled with jam or cream. Some types of buns are filled with various meats.

"Bun" may also refer to particular types of filled dumplings, such as Chinese baozi and Lutonian Halapchi. Some of these types of dumplings may be bread-like in texture.

A bun is normally made from dough that has been 'enriched' with sugar and butter and even sometimes egg. Without any of these the dough remains to be 'bread dough' rather than 'bun dough' and the resultant product will be called a roll, rather than a bun.

List of buns[edit]

Various buns

B

C

D

  • Dampfnudel – a white bread roll or sweet roll eaten as a meal or as a dessert in Germany and in France (Alsace). It is a typical dish in southern Germany.

F

H

I

L

Lotus seed buns: this particular variety is available in many typical Cantonese restaurants as a type of dim sum.

M

N'

  • Nikuman – made from flour dough, and filled with cooked ground pork or other ingredients. It is a kind of chūka man (中華まん lit. Chinese-style steamed bun) also known in English as pork buns.

P

A piece of sugary pan de muerto
  • Pan de muerto – (Spanish for Bread of the Dead) (also called pan de los muertos) is a type of sweet roll traditionally baked in Mexico during the weeks leading up to the Día de los Muertos, which is celebrated on November 1 and 2. It is a sweetened soft bread shaped like a bun, often decorated with bone-like pieces.
  • Peanut butter bun – a Hong Kong sweet bun found in Hong Kong as well as Chinatown bakery shops.[20] The bun has layers of peanut butter fillings, sometimes with light sprinkles of sugar mixed with the peanut butter for extra flavor.
  • Pebete – an Argentine soft oval bun made of wheat flour with a thin brown crust,[21] rather like a fatter hot dog roll.
  • Penny bun – or a penny loaf, was a small bread bun or loaf which cost one old penny at the time when there were 240 pence to the pound. A penny loaf was a common size loaf of bread in England regulated by the Assize of Bread Act of 1266. The size of the loaf could vary depending on the prevailing cost of the flour used in the baking.[22] The nursery rhyme London Bridge Is Falling Down has a version which includes the line "Build it up with penny loaves".[23]
  • Piggy bun – a type of Hong Kong pastry that is essentially the equivalent of the French baguette. It is found in Hong Kong bakeries and Cha chaan teng. In Hong Kong, it is often cut in half ans served with butter and condensed milk.[24]
  • Pineapple bun – a kind of sweet bun predominantly popular in Hong Kong and Macau,[25] though they are not uncommon in Chinatowns worldwide.[26] Although it is known as "pineapple bun", the traditional version contains no pineapple.
  • Pork chop bun – a famous and popular snacks in Macau, the bun (piggy bun) is extremely crisp outside and very soft inside. A freshly fried pork chop is filled into the bun.

S

A street vendor in Chiang Mai, Thailand, selling various types of salapao

T

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "What Is a Beef Bun". wisegeek.com. Retrieved 6 September 2012. 
  2. ^ "Baked Beef Buns, "Cha Siu Bao" Style". thewanderingeater.com. Feb 12, 2010. Retrieved 6 September 2012. 
  3. ^ Sutton, Henry. "The Bath Bun". Enjoy England. Retrieved 27 March 2010. 
  4. ^ Healy, Alison. "Waterford's blaa roll bakers honoured in awards", The Irish Times, Tuesday 18 November 2008.
  5. ^ How the Irish Invented Slang: The Secret Language of the Crossroads (Counterpunch) (Irish Edition)
  6. ^ a b Hsiung, Deh-Ta. Simonds, Nina. Lowe, Jason. [2005]. The food of China: a journey for food lovers. Bay Books. ISBN 978-0-681-02584-4. p24.
  7. ^ Elichondo, Margarita: La comida criolla: Memoria y recetas. Popular Culture Library, Editions of EL SOL, 2003 (ISBN 950-9413-76-3) (Restricted online copy at Google Books)
  8. ^ "Ministry of Social Development (President of Argentina): "Sabores con sapucay", Rescatando lo autóctono desde la historia familiar." (PDF). Retrieved 2013-05-26. 
  9. ^ Kathryn Hawkins The Food of London: A Culinary Tour of Classic British Cuisine, Simgapore: Periplus Editions (HK) Ltd, 2002, p.26
  10. ^ Alan Davidson "Bun" in The Oxford Companion to Food Oxford University Press, 1999, p. 114 ISBN 0-19-211579-0
  11. ^ "Chinese Bakery". ChinatownConnection.com. Retrieved 12 August 2012. 
  12. ^ Weapons of mass confection: Marine's mum sends thousands of buns to British troops in Afghanistan | Mail Online
  13. ^ [1] (subscription required)
  14. ^ Using bread improver - New Straits Times | HighBeam Research
  15. ^ ‘Best before date of food items is date of expiry’ - Indian Express
  16. ^ "秘製香軟火腿煎蛋包(Chinese)". 頭條日報. hkheadline.com. 2012-10-24. Retrieved 15 January 2014. 
  17. ^ "h2g2 - Hamburgers in History". Bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 2013-10-27. 
  18. ^ BBC - How did hot cross buns become two a penny?
  19. ^ Chang, Norma (2001). My Students' Favorite Chinese Recipes. The Travelling Gourmet. p. 28. Retrieved May 8, 2012.  ISBN 0961875941
  20. ^ "Chinatown's Hong Kong Bakery - Grub Street Philadelphia". Blogs.menupages.com. 2007-12-21. Retrieved 2013-10-15. 
  21. ^ http://buscon.rae.es/draeI/SrvltObtenerHtml?LEMA=pebete&SUPIND=0&CAREXT=10000&NEDIC=No#0_1 Buscon.rae.es (Spanish)
  22. ^ Randal W. Oulton. "Penny Loaf Day". Practicallyedible.com. Retrieved 2013-05-26. 
  23. ^ "National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences - Kids Pages - London Bridge". Kids.niehs.nih.gov. 2010-12-15. Retrieved 2013-05-26. 
  24. ^ "香港茶餐廳10款經典飲食(10)(Chinese)". 香港成報. 2013-07-09. Retrieved 2013-07-12. 
  25. ^ "Hong Kong food: 40 dishes we can't live without - 6. 'Pineapple' bun". CNN Travel. 13 July 2010. Retrieved 5 January 2014. 
  26. ^ "What Is a Pineapple Bun". wisegeek. Conjecture Corporation. Retrieved 5 January 2014. 
  27. ^ Semla recipe
  28. ^ Frances Lorraine Haw-Ang (August 25, 2010). "Top 10 Siopao in Manila". http://www.spot.ph. Retrieved 21 December 2010. 
  29. ^ "Salapao – Chinese Steamed Buns". http://www.thaizer.com/. January 15, 2010. Retrieved 21 December 2010. 
  30. ^ Walter, Carole (2007). Great Coffee Cakes, Sticky Buns, Muffins & More. Random House LLC. p. 183. ISBN 0307237559. 
  31. ^ Qiu, Yongling (2011). 港麵包 港味道 (Popular bread in Hong Kong). 萬里機構 (Wan Li Book). p. 92. ISBN 9789621446473. 
  32. ^ "Local Bakery". Retrieved 29 January 2014. 

External links[edit]

  • Media related to Bun at Wikimedia Commons