|Minister of Territorial Equality and Housing (French: Ministre de l’Egalité des Territoires et du Logement)|
16 May 2012 – 2 April 2014
|Prime Minister||Jean-Marc Ayrault|
|Preceded by||Benoist Apparu|
|Succeeded by||Sylvia Pinel|
|National Secretary of Europe Ecology – The Greens|
16 November 2006 – 30 November 2013
|Preceded by||Yann Wehrling|
|Assemblée nationale Deputy for Paris|
1 April 1975 |
Villeneuve-Saint-Georges, Val-de-Marne, France
|Political party||Europe Ecology – The Greens|
Cécile Duflot (French pronunciation: [se.sil dy.flo]; born 1 April 1975 in Villeneuve-Saint-Georges, Val-de-Marne) is a French politician. She was Minister of Territorial Equality and Housing (French: Ministre de l’Egalité des Territoires et du Logement) in the Ayrault Cabinet. Until June 2012, she was Party Secretary (i.e. leader) of Europe Ecology – The Greens, a position she held from November 2006 and was, with Jean-Luc Bennahmias, the only Green leader to have served two consecutive terms (although Dominique Plancke served three non-consecutive ones). In May 2012 she announced her resignation from this role.
The eldest daughter of a railway unionist and a physics and chemistry teacher (who was herself also a unionist), Cécile Duflot spent her childhood and adolescence in the district of Montereau-Fault-Yonne before returning to her native town, Villeneuve-Saint-Georges, in the early 1990s. She is a town planner by profession, a graduate of the ESSEC (French Business School), and holds a master's degree in Geography.
In 2003, she joined the electoral college of the Greens; she organised the acquisition of their national headquarters. She became spokesperson for the party in January 2005. That same year on World Water Day, she swam in the Seine in Paris with three other members of the electoral college to denounce river pollution in France and to match Jacques Chirac's promise, when he was Mayor of Paris, to swim in the Seine.
On 16 November 2006 she was elected National Secretary of the Conseil National Inter Régional, succeeding Yann Wehrling. At the age of 31, she was the youngest-ever National Secretary of the Greens.
At the end of 2006, she stood for the party's primary to nominate its presidential candidate for the French presidential election, 2007. Earning 23.29% of the vote, she came third after Dominique Voynet and Yves Cochet, and did not qualify for the second round.
In the 2007 legislative elections, she was the Green Party candidate in the third district of Val-De-Marne and gained 3.55% of the vote.
In March 2008 during the municipal elections at Villeneuve-St-Georges, she came in second place on a unified ticket of the PS, the MRC, the PRG and the Greens after socialist Laurent Dutheil. The ticket earned 24.36%.
On 6 December 2008, introducing a motion synthesizing four of the six activists' voting slips three weeks earlier, she was re-offered the post of National Secretary of the Greens with 70.99% of the votes. With Jean-Luc Benhamias, she is the only secretary to be offered a second consecutive term, Dominique Plancke having completed three terms of one year.
During her first term, she worked to establish Europe Écologie for the European Elections of 2009. She is not eligible as a candidate for this now, preferring instead to focus on her mandate as National Secretary.
In August 2014, she voiced criticisms of the French government, particularly of President François Hollande, stating that, "...wanting to be a leftist president, he never found his social base nor his supporters. This is not a question of temperament, rather it is the result of a succession of often unexpected choices, which are sometimes inconsistent with each other." 
The position of Minister of Housing was offered to her in the Ayrault government of the Hollande presidency, which began in May 2012. One of her tasks was to promulgate a law on social housing. Her first effort, announced 11 September of that year, failed in October, causing embarrassment to the Prime Minister. The loi Duflot replaced the fr:Loi Scellier on 18 January 2013.
Main political offices
The French political system allows one person to hold multiple political offices. The electoral promise of Francois Hollande to terminate what is known as Cumul des mandats has not, as of March 2014, been fulfilled, which is why the reader sees so many positions listed below.
- Minister of Territories Equality and Housing : May 2012 - March 2014.
- Deputy for the 6th electoral district of Paris : Since June 2012
- Regional councillor of Île-de-France, and chairwoman of the Europe Ecology – The Greens Group : 2010-2012 (Resignation).
- Deputy-mayor of Villeneuve-Saint-Georges : 2008-2011 (Resignation).
- Municipal councillor of Villeneuve-Saint-Georges : Since 2004. Reelected in 2008.
- National Secretary of Europe Ecology – The Greens : 2006-2012 (Resignation).
Translator's note: These are in French.
- (French) Ministre de l’Egalité des Territoires et du Logement (official French government web site for the Ministry)
(French) Ministre de l’Egalité des Territoires et du Logement (French Wikipedia)
- (French) Catherine Simon, « Cécile Duflot, l'ouverture en Vert », Le Monde, 20 January 2009
- (French) « Numéro vert » by Sabrina Champenois, Libération, 10 January 2007
- (French) PDF (238 KB) (2007 legislative elections), on the official site of the Verts de Basse-Normandie
- (French) « Elle s'enracine chez les Verts », Ouest-France, 8 December 2008
- (French) PDF on the website for the Verts de Loire-Atlantique
- (French) Marie Quenet, « Duflot, l'inconnue réélue », Le Journal du Dimanche, 7 December 2008
- (French) Matthieu Durand, « Les Verts se baignent dans la Seine » on the official site for La Chaîne Info, 22 March 2005
- (French) Liste « Villeneuve en mouvement » au premier tour des élections municipales de 2008 sur le site officiel du ministère de l'Intérieur
- (French) « Cécile Duflot réélue secrétaire nationale des Verts », Le Nouvel observateur, 6 décembre 2008
- Yves Frémion, 2007
- (French) « Profil de Cécile Duflot » sur le site officiel d'Europe Écologie
- (French) Rodolphe Geisler, « Duflot : "Les Verts ont encore une raison d'être" », Le Figaro, 5 December 2008
- Berdah, Arthur. "Pour Cécile Duflot, «Hollande n'est le président de personne»". www.lefigaro.fr. Le Figaro. Retrieved 20 August 2014.
- lefigaro.fr: "Loi Duflot censurée : chronique d'un «bug» annoncé" 25 Oct 2012
- lefigaro.fr: "La bévue d'Ayrault affaiblit encore son autorité" 25 Oct 2012
- legifrance.fr: " LOI n° 2013-61 du 18 janvier 2013 relative à la mobilisation du foncier public en faveur du logement et au renforcement des obligations de production de logement social" 18 Jan 2013
- courrierdesmaires.fr: "Logement social : les principaux points de la loi « Duflot », nouvelle version" (AFP) 19 Jan 2013
- lefigaro.fr: "L'encadrement des loyers de Cécile Duflot jugé inefficace" 25 Oct 2013
- Anne-Hélène Pommpier, « Ce que prévoit le projet de loi Alur », in Le Figaro, lundi 30 septembre 2013, page 26.
- legifrance.fr: "Dossiers législatifs - Projet de loi pour l’accès au logement et un urbanisme rénové"
- "La loi Duflot sur le logement adoptée : ce qui va changer" 20 Feb 2014
- Yves Frémion, History of the Green Revolution, published by Hoebeke, 2007, p. 395 (ISBN 9782842302764)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Cécile Duflot.|
Translator's note: These are in French.
- (French) Official website
- (French) Cécile Duflot on Twitter
- (French) Cécile Duflot on the official Green Party site.
- (French) Cécile Duflot's blog on the European Ecology site for the European Elections 2009.
- (French) Housing and Accommodation  Official site for Minister of Territorial Equality and Housing (French: Ministre de l’Egalité des Territoires et du Logement).
- French: Ministre de l’Egalité des Territoires et du Logement (French) fr:Ministère de l'Égalité des Territoires et du Logement