Bridges over rivers Seine (foreground), Yonne (background) and statue of Napoléon
|• Mayor (2008–2014)||Yves Jégo (PR)|
|• Land1||9.70 km2 (3.75 sq mi)|
|• Population2 density||1,800/km2 (4,500/sq mi)|
|INSEE/Postal code||77305 / 77130|
|Elevation||47.2–120 m (155–394 ft)
(avg. 53 m or 174 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
The city takes its name from its geographical position on the confluence of the Yonne and the Seine rivers. Fault, also spelled faut comes from the verb faillir ("to fail") in its old meaning to fall. Montereau is where the Yonne falls into the Seine.
The town is split in three by the rivers, ville basse situated on the southern shore and Surville on the hill to the north. The old town centre is located in ville basse while Surville is an assembly of high rise buildings, erected after World War II, and is in many ways a typical cité in the Île-de-France. Some of these high rise buildings are now (2005) going to be destroyed and replaced by individual houses. The old château-park in Surville (now the site of a high school Lycée André Malraux) however gives a very nice view over the confluent and the Seine-et-Marne region. On the east side, between the two rivers, are the port and an industrial park.
In 1420, Philip the Good, the son of John the Fearless, seized the town, which remained for eight years in the hands of the Anglo-Burgundian coalition. However, at the end of a long siege, the king Charles VII, helped by Chabannes and Dunois, managed to take it again.
Inhabitants of Montereau-Fault-Yonne are called Monterelais.
(Graph by Wikipedia)
Historically, the city has sported a strong industrial base and thus has strong blue collar roots. In recent decades, unemployment has become an increasing problem, especially within the immigrant community in Surville.
- http://cassini.ehess.fr/ Population par commune avant 1962 (résultats publiés au journal officiel ou conservés aux archives départementales)
- INSEE: Population depuis le recensement de 1962
- 1999 Land Use, from IAURIF (Institute for Urban Planning and Development of the Paris-Île-de-France région) (English)
- French Ministry of Culture list for Montereau-Fault-Yonne (French)
- Map of Montereau-Fault-Yonne on Michelin (English)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Montereau-Fault-Yonne.|