Caille, Alpes-Maritimes

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Caille
Caillewiki2.jpg
Coat of arms of Caille
Coat of arms
Caille is located in France
Caille
Caille
Coordinates: 43°46′47″N 6°43′53″E / 43.7797°N 6.7314°E / 43.7797; 6.7314Coordinates: 43°46′47″N 6°43′53″E / 43.7797°N 6.7314°E / 43.7797; 6.7314
Country France
Region Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
Department Alpes-Maritimes
Arrondissement Grasse
Canton Saint-Auban
Intercommunality Monts d'Azur
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Yves Funel
Area
 • Land1 16.96 km2 (6.55 sq mi)
Population (2008)
 • Population2 330
 • Population2 density 19/km2 (50/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 06028 / 06750
Elevation 1,122–1,644 m (3,681–5,394 ft)
(avg. 1,160 m or 3,810 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Caille is a commune in the Alpes-Maritimes department in southeastern France.

Caille plain

Geography[edit]

Caille is built on a rocky outcrop in a glacial peneplain. Near to Bauroux, one of the major summits of the Alps, the village is surrounded by coniferous forests. Caille is constructed on an East-West axis along a single main street, which leads to the village of Andon, six kilometres away. Caille was a fundamentally agrarian town and although the population of farmers has halved in the last 30 years,[1] cereal crops, sheep and cattle are still farmed there today by two families. Recently, there has been a drive towards tourism and the village features gîtes,[2] mountain biking courses,[3] an adventure playground, a ski slope and a gallery exhibiting local artists.[4]

History[edit]

Caille takes its name from the Indo-European root word Cal, meaning a place overlooking a rock. Interestingly, Caille is also the French word for quail, and the local church, rectory and town hall all feature carvings of quails. Although there was a human presence in the Caille region in antiquity, it was not until the late 15th century that the name of Caille is mentioned in official documents as Calha. Two large families were recorded in the region; 'De Castellane' (of Castellane) and 'Brun de Castellane' (Brown of Castellane). From the 17th to 18th century, the ruling family of Caille were 'Théas'. In January 1790, the National Constituent Assembly created the department of Caille, which included the 11 cantons of Séranon. On the 6th of November 1801, when the number of Cantons was reduced, it was included in the canton of St. Auban.[5]

Population[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop.   ±%  
1962 114 —    
1968 124 +8.8%
1975 109 −12.1%
1982 144 +32.1%
1990 176 +22.2%
1999 220 +25.0%
2008 330 +50.0%

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]