Le Mas

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Le Mas
Le Mas -9.JPG
Coat of arms of Le Mas
Coat of arms
Le Mas is located in France
Le Mas
Le Mas
Coordinates: 43°50′38″N 6°51′33″E / 43.8439°N 6.8592°E / 43.8439; 6.8592Coordinates: 43°50′38″N 6°51′33″E / 43.8439°N 6.8592°E / 43.8439; 6.8592
Country France
Region Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
Department Alpes-Maritimes
Arrondissement Grasse
Canton Saint-Auban
Intercommunality Pays de Grasse
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Fabrice Lachenmaier
Area1 32.15 km2 (12.41 sq mi)
Population (2010)2 169
 • Density 5.3/km2 (14/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 06081 / 06910
Elevation 440–1,689 m (1,444–5,541 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Le Mas is a French commune in the Alpes-Maritimes department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region of South-eastern France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Massois, Massoises, or Massoinques.[1]

Geography[edit]

Le Mas is located some 45 km north-west of Nice and 32 km east of Castellane in a direct line. Access to the commune is by road D10 which branches from the D5 road on the western border of the commune and passes through the length of the commune through the village before continuing to Aiglun in the east. The D110 branches from the D10 in the west of the commune and passes along the river valley to rejoin the D10 east of the village. The commune is alpine in nature with high mountains and alpine valleys throughout.

The Gironde river flows through the commune from west to east to join the Estéron which forms the eastern border of the commune as it flows south then east joining the Var at Saint-Martin-du-Var. Numerous tributaries feed the Gironde in the commune.

Neighbouring communes and villages[2][edit]

History[edit]

Isnard, from the House of Grasse, Commander of St. John of Jerusalem, Prior of Capua, Grand Seneschal of Provence, in recognition of his services received the lands of Mas and Aiglun from Queen Jeanne on 7 July 1348. He donated the land of Aiglun to his cousin Pons of Ferres on 18 May 1349. The fief of Mas passed down to Bertrand II de Grasse. The Grasse family lost the lordship of Mas at the time of the separation of Nice and it subsequently remained with the Counts of Provence.

In 1713 the Treaty of Utrecht provided that Ubaye and its dependencies, formerly under the Kingdom of Piedmont-Sardinia, were exchanged for the French areas in the Susa Valley so that the boundary followed the line of the watershed. But the overlapping of territories inherited from history remained: Entraunes and Saint-Martin-d'Entraunes were dependent on Barcelonnette but are in the Var valley while the Piedmontese side upstream of Guillaumes was already French. The Kingdoms of France and Piedmont both claimed them. In addition, in the Estéron Valley the right bank of the Var was Piedmontese which created a tongue of land jutting out into French Provence. In Haut-Var it was ultimately the line of the watershed which prevailed. To provide compensation to France and to reduce the irregularity of the border, the community of Mas was ceded to France in 1718.[3]

For more historical information (in French) click here.

Heraldry[edit]

Arms of Le Mas
The official status of the blazon remains to be determined.

Blazon:
Azure, a house Argent posed on a hillock Vert; in chief parti per pale, at 1 Gules charged with a cross Argent, at 2 Azure charged with 3 fleurs-de-lis Or 2 and 1.



Administration[edit]

The Town Hall

List of Successive Mayors[4]

From To Name Party Position
2001 2007 Marcel Rebuffel Died in office
2006 2008 Frédéric Castellano DVD
2008 2020 Fabrice Lachenmaier PRG

(Not all data is known)


Demography[edit]

In 2010 the commune had 169 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger communes that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Evolution of the Population (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
467 446 436 460 568 496 503 512 501
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
430 403 405 387 362 338 344 331 298
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
257 202 165 130 87 67 51 55 46
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2010 -
41 46 25 120 108 136 130 169 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)

The entry to Le Mas
Le Mas War Memorial
Population of Le Mas

Culture and heritage[edit]

A street in Le Mas
Remains of the old Chateau

Civil heritage[edit]

  • The remains of a Chateau from the 11th century
  • A small classical chateau
  • A Mill to the south of the village
  • The Arboretum du Sarroudier

Religious heritage[edit]

The Church of Notre-Dame

The Church of Notre-Dame (12th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg is registered as an historical monument[5] The Church contains two items that are registered as historical objects:

  • A Reliquary of Saint Arnoux (16th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[6]
  • A Bust-Reliquary of Saint Arnoux (16th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[7]
Other religious sites of interest
  • The Chapel of Saint Arnoux
  • The Chapel of the White Penitents (Now converted to a private residence)
  • The Chapel of Saint Sebastian (Now private)
  • The Hamlet of Sausses with the Chapel of Saint Sauveur and the Oratory of Saint Aman
Le Mas Photo Gallery

See also[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Philippe de Beauchamp, The Misunderstood High Country. Villages & isolated hamlets of Alpes-Maritimes, p. 137, Éditions Serre, Nice, 1989 ISBN 978-2-86410-131-4; p. 159

External links[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Inhabitants of Alpes-Maritimes (French)
  2. ^ Géoportail, IGN (French)
  3. ^ Denis Andreis, "1713-1718: The high Var Valley at the heart of international litigation", At the heart of the Alps: Utrecht, symposium organised by the Museum of, the Eco-Museum of Roudoule, and the Sabença de la Valeia association, 14-16 September 2012. Proceedings published in 2013 (French)
  4. ^ List of Mayors of France (French)
  5. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00080759 Church of Notre-Dame (French)
  6. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM06000393 Reliquary of Saint Arnoux (French)
  7. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM06000392 Bust-Reliquary of Saint Arnoux (French)