Camborne School of Mines
|Camborne School of Mines, Scoll Balow Cambron|
|Motto||Laboris Gloria Ludi|
|Motto in English||The glory of work (and) play (figuratively) "work hard, play hard"|
|Director||Professor Frances Wall|
|Location||Penryn, Cornwall, UK|
|Patron||Queen Elizabeth II|
|Colors||Gold, Blue & Silver|
|Athletics||8 varsity teams|
The Camborne School of Mines (in Cornish, Scoll Balow Cambron) [sic], commonly abbreviated to CSM, was founded in 1888. Its research and teaching is related to the understanding and management of the Earth's natural processes, resources and the environment. It has undergraduate, postgraduate and research degree programmes within the Earth resources, civil engineering and environmental sectors. CSM is located at the Tremough Campus, near Falmouth, Cornwall. The school merged with the University of Exeter in 1993.
The Camborne School of Mines has an international reputation in Mining, Tunnelling, Mineralogy, Mineral economics, Geology, Geophysics, Geochemistry, and now renewable energy. CSM's international reputation dates back to the 19th century when with new deposits found around the world CSM graduates began to seek employment overseas and by the 20th century, graduates were in most of the world's major mining areas such as Southern Africa, Malaysia, Australia, South America, Mexico, USA and Canada.
Through CSM's teaching, research and the CSM Association's (CSM alumni) network CSM maintains a strong presence in the global mining industry.
As of 2012, undergraduate degrees available included a BEng degree in Mining Engineering (the only one offered in the UK), and BSc programmes in Applied Geology, and in Engineering geology and Geotechnics. The postgraduate, MSc degrees included Applied Geotechnics, Minerals Engineering, Mining Engineering, Mining Geology and Surveying & Land/Environmental management.
In 2003 CSM joined the Federation of European Mineral Programs (FEMP) allowing its students to participate in study in Continental Europe.
The Camborne School of Mines Trust, industrial sponsors, and past students and staff help the Camborne School of Mines to offer between 15–20 scholarships each year to new students who register on CSM degree programmes. Selection is based primarily on academic achievement.
Candidates successfully completing programmes of study in the Camborne School of Mines leading to degrees of the University of Exeter are eligible for additional awards made by the Senate of the University of Exeter on behalf of the Camborne School of Mines Trust. These awards are:
- Diploma of the Camborne School of Mines (DipCSM) for HND qualifications, which may be awarded to suitably qualified candidates as a first-class diploma
- Associateship of the Camborne School of Mines (ACSM) for BEng and BSc degrees
- Master of the Camborne School of Mines (MCSM) for MSc, MPhil and PhD degrees
The ACSM and MCSM are two of the few associate awards within the mining and other earth-based industries. The ACSM has been awarded to all graduates of CSM with the required grades since 1910, and in 1974 it was accredited by the Council for National Academic Awards. Notable Associates include Lord Eurby D.S.O., M.C. (born 1883) and Sam E. Jonah (KBE) (ACSM), chief executive of Ashanti Goldfields.
The CSM student body is a community within the larger student body of the Combined Universities in Cornwall which includes students from both University of Exeter Cornwall Campus and University College Falmouth. The CSM student association organises social events and helps students with any issues. Sport within the school is strong and there are team sports run under the CSM name in local leagues, but are open to any students at Tremough. A key event in the school's sporting calendar is the annual Bottle match against Royal School of Mines which is organised by the student association.
CSM is an internationally recognised centre for research related to the formation, discovery, extraction and utilisation of the Earth’s natural resources, and subsequent remediation. The applied nature of much of the research is indicated by significant international industrial collaboration.
Research within CSM is co-ordinated by the three multidisciplinary groups. These draw upon the school's research expertise in mining and minerals engineering, geology, renewable energy and environmental science, and their links with colleagues in the University of Exeter's Department of Geography. Each group is led by full-time academic staff, and includes postdoctoral research fellows, experimental officers and postgraduate research students working towards the degrees of MPhil and PhD. Work is funded by the research councils, industry and charitable trusts and is supported by the school's technical staff and analytical facilities.
Facilities and services
The facilities and services at CSM are available to students, academic staff, research partners, and individuals and organisations from the business community. Short Courses and Continuing Professional Development (CPD) include Renewable Energy Industry Training Modules, and Quarry Shotfiring / Explosives Supervisor courses (EPIC-validated).
The school's geochemical and mineralogical analytical laboratories include a £1.5 million microbeam analytical facility that contains an extensive range of sample preparation and analytical facilities including optical microscopes, cathodoluminescence, low-vacuum scanning electron microscope, electron probe microanalyser, QEMSCAN (particle analysis and mineral identification), X-ray fluorescence spectrometer, X-ray diffraction, atomic absorption spectrometers, atomic fluorescence spectrometer plus elemental, physical and thermal analysers.
Facilities for mining engineering, tunnelling, surveying and geotechnics include underground and surface testing facilities; Leica surveying equipment, a Leica/DMT Gyromat 2000 Precision Gyrotheodolite, and a triaxial test rig.
The museum at CSM is devoted to worldwide geology with particular emphasis on mining and mineralisation. It holds a significant and comprehensive systematic collection including fluorescent, gem and ore minerals, together with suites of minerals and host rocks from important mining areas all over the world, though a significant part of its collection derives from south west England. The collection serves as a resource centre for geology teaching throughout Cornwall, and is extensively used by the school’s teaching.
Some of the museum's collections are available on the Camborne School of Mines Virtual Museum, which is a site dedicated to the geology of Cornwall. The museum also contains historic artefacts relating to the history of mining and CSM's role within this history; this collection is complemented by the King Edward Mine Museum.
- 1829 – John Taylor publishes his Prospectus for a School of Mines in Cornwall.
- 1838 – Sir Charles Lemon, offers to establish a school for miners.
- 1839 – Classes for miners start in Truro.
- 1858 – The Miners Association formed.
- 1858 – The Miners Association begin classes in different mining areas of Cornwall such as Camborne, Pool, St Just and St Agnes.
- 1863 – Some 200 students attend classes in eleven mining education centres in Cornwall.
- 1876 – Gustavus Lambert Basset, the great mine entrepreneur, makes a bequest to build a laboratory in Camborne, The Basset building, for the use of the pupils of The Miners Association.
- 1882 – The adjacent Camborne Science and Art School building opened.
- 1887 – J.J. Beringer delivers a lecture to the Miners Association, now called the Mining Institute, in which he outlines new proposals for the establishment of a Mining School.
- 1888 – The Camborne School of Mining is created.
- 1897 – King Edward Mine is leased from the Pendarves family to complement the facilities available to students for practical exercises.
- 1902 – The first Bottle match is played between CSM and Royal School of Mines (RSM).
- 1910 – The Redruth and Penzance Schools of Mines are amalgamated with Camborne to form the Camborne School of Metalliferous Mining.
- 1913 – The Cornish Institute of Engineers is founded by J.J. Beringer.
- 1924 – King Edward Mine is abandoned due to flooding and Great Condurrow Mine is leased.
- 1935 – The building adjacent to the Basset Memorial Building is purchased, refurbished and equipped, and named the Josiah Thomas Memorial Building.
- 1936 – The Associateship of the Camborne School of Mines (ACSM) is introduced.
- 1955 – The University of Exeter is established by Royal Charter.
- 1969 – Attempts to merge CSM with the University of Plymouth are aborted.
- 1974 – The ACSM is accredited by the Council for National Academic Awards.
- 1975 – CSM moves to the Trevenson Campus at Pool, Redruth. Associated with a massive re-equipment grant.
- 1979 – Original CSM Building demolished to make way for a Tesco Supermarket
- 1993 – Merger with University of Exeter
- 1997 – Camborne Support Group founded by Tim James to oppose relocation of CSM (CUCSG)
- 1998 – South Crofty closes (loss of hundreds of jobs in Camborne)
- 1999 – Lord Coe agrees with CUCSG and states opposition to Exeter plan to close the CSM in Camborne.
- 2001 – CUCSG win battle to establish combined Universities forum in Cornwall
- 2004 – CSM moves to the Tremough Campus in Penryn.
The Camborne University Question
At the time of the passage of the Further and Higher Education Act 1992, Camborne School of Mines was funded as a polytechnic institution although based on a single set of technologies. In principle, CSM was eligible to be considered for university status alongside the other Polytechnics. The question was raised within the putative Higher Education Funding Council HEFCE and within the Council for National Academic Awards whether or not a mono-technic institution could be considered a university. In this, CSM became the cause celebre and the argument was applied to other single-discipline institutions such as teacher training colleges, art colleges, business schools and so on. In the event, CSM merged with the University of Exeter and the controversy was solved in that instance. Other institutions needed to find other solutions over the next few years.
- J. J. Beringer: 1888–1910
- W. Ficher Wilkinson: 1910-1912
- J. J. Beringer 1912-1915
- A. Richardson 1918- ~1922
- R. A. Thomas ~1922-1933
- S. Ball 1933-1941
- A/Principal G. A. Whitworth 1941-1946
- G. A. Whitworth, OBE, ACSM, MIMM: 1946–1960
- R. Gorges 1960-1969
- P. Hackett, BSc, PhD, CEng, FIMM: 1970–1994
- K. Atkinson: 1994–2002
- R. J. Pine, ARSM, MIMM: 2002–2008
- F. Wall, FMinSoc, FGS: 2008–present
Concern for the future of CSM has developed amongst the student body, staff and alumni, despite the popularity of the mining programmes, due to action taken by the University of Exeter in 2012/2013 to postpone/cancel key social events, the merger of the school with the College of Engineering, Mathematics & Physical Sciences, the removal of CSM as a distinct entity from the university's literature and perceptions that the mining disciplines do not fit with the image the university is trying to cultivate. This has to some extent been alleviated by the re-establishment of CSM in 2013 as a 'discipline' within the university following extensive lobbying, although constant vigilance must be maintained amid a variety of pressures. The Vice Chancellor of Exeter went public about pride in the 'world-class expertise at the Camborne School of Mines' when embarking on a delegation with the Prime Minister to Kazakhstan during 2013 (ref: emps.exeter.ac.uk/csm/news/title_300093_en.html )
- The Mining Association of the United Kingdom
- Institution of Mining and Metallurgy
- Mining in Cornwall and Devon
- "Camborne School of Mines". University of Exeter. Retrieved 19 May 2013.
- http://www.csmsa.co.uk[dead link]
- "Surveying – Camborne School of Mines, University of Exeter". University of Exeter. Retrieved 19 May 2013.
- "Camborne School of Mines Virtual Museum – The Cornubian Orefield". Projects.ex.ac.uk. Retrieved 22 April 2013.
- CSMA Journal 2012
- Camborne School of Mines at the University of Exeter, Cornwall Campus
- Camborne School of Mines Student society[dead link] Camborne School of Mines Student society
- Camborne School of Mines unofficial guide Camborne School of Mines unofficial guide