Initially, the Canadian national team was administered by Hockey Canada. It made an appearance in the first three IIHF Inline Hockey World Championships, winning Silver in 1996 and 1997. In 1998, the Canadian squad defeated the two-time world Champions United States, in the gold medal game to win the first gold medal in country history. Following the 1998 World Championships, Canada withdrew from international competition. Hockey Canada shut down their inline hockey program in 2000.
Following Hockey Canada's shut down of their program, two separate governing bodies emerged. The National Inline Hockey Association - Canada for IIHF related events and the Canadian Inline Hockey Association, which became Inline Canada in 2003 for all FIRS related events. The two programs are both recognized by certain bodies as Canada's national inline hockey team. The NIHA-Canada version of the team is recognized by Hockey Canada and USA Hockey as the national team. The Inline Canada version is recognized by the Canadian Olympic Committee as the national team, through the IOC's recognition of the FIRS as the international organizer of inline hockey.
The 2008 Men's World Inline Hockey Championships marked Canada's returned to IIHF competition. The team was led by Head Coach Gerry St Cyr and Assistant player coach Michael Hunt. Team Canada won the IIHF Division 1 World Championship in 2008