City of Cape Coast
|— City —|
|Arch bridge and harbour view from Elmina Castle in Cape Coast|
|Admin. Region||Central Region|
|District||Cape Coast Metropolitan|
|• Demonym||Cape Coaster|
|• Summer (DST)||GMT (UTC)|
Cape Coast, or Cabo Corso, is a city and fishing port, and the capital of Cape Coast Metropolitan District and Central Region of south Ghana. Cape Coast is situated on its south to the Gulf of Guinea. Cape Coast had a settlement population of 169,894 people (2010 census). From the 16th century the city and fishing port has changed hands between the British, the Portuguese, the Swedish, the Danish and the Dutch.
Founded by the Portuguese in the 15th century, Cape Coast grew around Cape Coast Castle, now a World Heritage Site. It was converted to a castle by the Dutch in 1650, then expanded by the Swedes in 1652 and captured by the British in 1664. The British based their Gold Coast operations in the town until they were expelled because of severe opposition to the "window tax" in 1877. Accra became their state. Cape Coast was also where most of the slaves were held before their journey on the Middle Passage.
The area is dominated by batholith rock and is generally undulating with steep slopes. There are valleys of various streams between the hills, with Kakum being the largest stream.
The minor streams end in wetlands, the largest of which drains into the Fosu Lagoon at Bakano. In the northern part of the district, however, the landscape is suitable for the cultivation of various crops.
Cape Coast is a humid area with mean monthly relative humidity varying between 85% and 99%. The sea breeze has a moderating effect on the local climate.
Other attractions include a series of Asafo Shrines, Cape Coast Centre for National Culture, the Oguaa Fetu Afahye harvest festival, and since 1992, the biennial Panafest theatre festival. The town is located 30 km south of Kakum National Park, one of the most diverse and best preserved national parks in West Africa. Cape Coast also boast of being the first location where soccer was played in Ghana and Ebusua Dwarfs FC is the darling club of Cape Coasters.
It is believed that Michelle Obama, U.S. First Lady, considers Cape Coast as her ancestral home, and on 11 July 2009, she took the rest of the first family to tour Cape Coast Castle as part of her husband's trip to Cape Coast.
Cape Coast is the seat of the University of Cape Coast (UCC), Ghana's leading university in teaching and research. Cape Vars, as it is popularly called, lies on a hill overlooking the Atlantic Ocean. It also has one of the best Polytechnics in Cape Coast Polytechnic (C-POLY). The city also boasts some of Ghana's finest secondary and technical schools:
- Wesley Girls' High School
- St. Augustine College
- Adisadel College
- Aggrey Memorial Senior High School
- Ghana National College
- Holy Child Secondary School
- Cape Coast Technical Institute
- Asuansi Technical Institute
Notable Cape Coasters
|Country||City||County / District / Region / State||Date|
|United States||Buffalo, NY||New York|
- "2010 Population and Housing Census". Ghana Statistical Service.
- "Cape Coast Metropolitan Assembly". centralregion.gov.gh.
- "Obamas confront history inside Ghana's slave dungeon". businesstimesafrica.net. Retrieved 16 March 2012.
- Charles Tetty, "Medical Practitioners of African Descent in Colonial Ghana", International Journal of African Historical Studies, Vol. 18, No. 1 (1985), pp. 139–44, Boston University African Studies Center.
- Gallery of Gold Coast Celebrities 1632-1958, Vol 1 2 & 3; I.S. Ephson, Ghana Publishing Corporation, 1970.
- Kofi Baku, "Kobina Sekyi of Ghana: An Annotated Bibliography of His Writings", International Journal of African Historical Studies, Vol. 24, No. 2 (1991), pp. 369–81, Boston University African Studies Center.
|Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Cape Coast.|
- Ghana-pedia webpage - Cape Coast
- Cape Coast News
- Cape Coast Daily Photos Blog
- Ghana Districts Info On Cape Coast
- Volunteer in Cape Coast, Ghana
- Fetu Afahye DVD
- MSN Map