Capital punishment in Portugal

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Capital punishment has been utterly abolished in Portugal, as in every other member state of the European Union.

The method of capital punishment used in Portugal was by hanging. Portugal was one of the first countries in the world and the first country in Europe to abolish the death penalty,[1] abolishing it for political crimes in 1852, for all crimes except the military in 1867, and for all crimes in 1911. In 1916 it was re-established only for military crimes in war time with a foreign country and only in the theater of war.[2] With the new Constitution in 1976, it was again abolished for all crimes.[3] [4] [5]

The last execution in Portugal took place in Lagos in 1846. Executions carried out during World War One remain poorly documented.[6] [7]

In the 2008 European Values Study (EVS), 51.6% of respondents in Portugal said the death penalty can never be justified, while only 1.5% said it can be always justified.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The end of capital punishment in Europe", Capital Punishment UK
  2. ^ "Law 635: Amendment to the Portuguese Constitution of 1911, Article 3 - Exception on the Death Penalty Article" (pdf). Diário do Governo da República Portuguesa (in Portuguese). República Portuguesa. September 28, 1916. Retrieved 29 March 2014. "[Translation]: The Death Penalty (...) cannot be reestablished in any case (...) # with the exception, about the Death Penalty, only in case of war with a foreign country (...) and only in the theater of war." 
  3. ^ "The end of capital punishment in Europe", Capital Punishment UK
  4. ^ "Document - Death Penalty Satistics 2006", Amnesty International
  5. ^ "Constitution of the Portuguese Republic: Article 24º, Nº2" (in Portuguese). Retrieved 29 March 2014. 
  6. ^ "The end of capital punishment in Europe", Capital Punishment UK
  7. ^ "Document - Death Penalty Satistics 2006", Amnesty International
  8. ^ http://zacat.gesis.org/webview/index.jsp?study=http%3A%2F%2F193.175.238.79%3A80%2Fobj%2FfStudy%2FZA4783&variable=http%3A%2F%2F193.175.238.79%3A80%2Fobj%2FfVariable%2FZA4783_V252&mode=documentation&submode=variable&top=yes&language=en