Central Bank of Sri Lanka
||This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the Sinhala Wikipedia. (December 2008)|
|Established||1950 August 28|
|Central bank of||Sri Lanka|
|Currency||Sri Lankan Rupee
LKR (ISO 4217)
The Central Bank of Sri Lanka (CBSL) is the central bank of Sri Lanka. Established in 1950 under the Monetary Law Act No.58 of 1949 (MLA), it is a semi-autonomous body and, following the amendments to the MLA in December 2002, is governed by a five member Monetary Board, comprising the Governor of the CBSL as Chairman, the Secretary to the Ministry of Finance and Planning and three members appointed by the President of Sri Lanka, on the recommendation of the Minister of Finance, with the concurrence of the Constitutional Council.
The Central Bank of Sri Lanka was established in 1950, two years after independence. The founder governor of the Central Bank of Sri Lanka was John Exter, while the minister of finance at the time was J.R. Jayawardena. Under the former name of Central Bank of Ceylon it replaced the Currency Board that until then had been responsible for issuing the country's money. It is a member of the Asian Clearing Union.
With a view to encouraging and promoting the development of the productive resources of Sri Lanka, the CBSL is responsible for securing its core objectives of economic and price stability and financial system stability. The CBSL is also responsible for currency issue and management. In addition, the CBSL is the advisor on economic affairs as well as the banker to the Government of Sri Lanka (GOSL). On behalf of GOSL, the CBSL, as its agent, is responsible for four agency functions of: management of the Employees Provident Fund; management of the public debt of Sri Lanka; administration of the provisions of the Exchange Control Act; and administration of foreign and government funded credit schemes for regional development.
The Governor of the CBSL functions as its Chief Executive Officer. The Governor, two Deputy Governors and several Assistant Governors, along with the Heads of Departments, form the senior management of the CBSL. Functionally, the CBSL presently consists of 27 Departments, each headed by a Director (or equivalent), reporting to the Governor or the Deputy Governor through an Assistant Governor, with the exception of the Management Audit Department, which reports directly to the Governor.
The Economic Research and Bank Supervision Departments were explicitly set up under the original legislation establishing the CBSL, with certain statutory functions. The Economic Research Department is required to compile data and conduct economic research for the guidance of the Monetary Board and for the information of the public, while the Bank Supervision Department is required to engage in the continuous regulation and supervision of all banking institutions in Sri Lanka.
The current Members of the Monetary Board of Central Bank of Sri Lanka are
1. Arjuna Mahendran - Chairman (Governor)
2. Dr. R H S Samaratunga - Ex-officio Member ( Secretary to the Ministry of Finance and Planning )
3. Mrs. Manohari Ramanathan - Appointed Member
4. Mr. Nimal Welgama - Appointed Member
5. Mr. Neil Ajantha Umagiliya - Appointed Member
A credible and dynamic central bank contributing to the prosperity of Sri Lanka.
The vision clearly indicates that the Bank is deeply committed to contributing to the prosperity of Sri Lanka. The term prosperity has a wide connotation: enhancement of the quality of life of people through sustainable wealth creation and inclusion of all segments of the society in enjoying the benefits of development.
The Central Bank facilitates this process by ensuring economic and price stability and financial system stability while providing prudential and pro-active policy recommendations, as the Advisor to the Government on Economic Affairs. In doing so, the Bank acts with the highest degree of integrity and professionalism, earning respect for its objectivity and apolitical stance.
List of former Governors;
- John Exter (1950-1953)
- Deshamanya N. U. Jayawardena (1953-1954)
- Sir Arthur Ranasinghe (1954-1959)
- D. W. Rajapatirana (1959-1967)
- W. Tennekoon (1967-1971)
- Herbert E. Tennekoon (1971-1979)
- Dr W. Rasaputram (1979-1988)
- Dr Neville Karunatilake (1988-1992)
- H. B. Dissanayaka (1992-1995)
- Deshamanya A.S. Jayawardana (1995-2004)
- Deshamanya Sunil Mendis (2004-2005)
- Ajith Nivard Cabraal  (2005-2015)
- Arjuna Mahendran  (2015)
- "AFI members". AFI Global. 2011-10-10. Retrieved 2012-02-23.
- Central Bank of Sri Lanka (official website)