|• Total||50.4 sq mi (130.6 km2)|
|• Land||41.5 sq mi (107.4 km2)|
|• Water||9.0 sq mi (23.2 km2)|
|Elevation||354 ft (108 m)|
|• Density||86.0/sq mi (33.2/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||1462068|
Charlotte // is a town in Chittenden County, Vermont, United States. The town was named for Sofia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, youngest daughter of Duke Charles Louis Frederick of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. The population was 3,569 at the 2000 census.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 50.4 square miles (130.6 km2), of which 41.5 square miles (107.4 km2) is land and 9.0 square miles (23.2 km2) (17.76%) is water.
As of the census of 2000, there were 3,569 people, 1,287 households, and 990 families residing in the town. The population density was 86.0 people per square mile (33.2/km2). There were 1,500 housing units at an average density of 36.2 per square mile (14.0/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 97.93% White, 0.20% African American, 0.06% Native American, 0.59% Asian, 0.45% from other races, and 0.78% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.70% of the population.
There were 1,287 households out of which 42.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.7% were married couples living together, 6.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.0% were non-families. 15.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.77 and the average family size was 3.12.
In the town the population was spread out with 29.7% under the age of 18, 4.4% from 18 to 24, 28.1% from 25 to 44, 30.1% from 45 to 64, and 7.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 97.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.7 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $62,313, and the median income for a family was $71,090. Males had a median income of $52,470 versus $35,156 for females. The per capita income for the town was $33,942. About 4.5% of families and 5.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.5% of those under age 18 and 3.6% of those age 65 or over.
Ferry service between Essex, NY and Charlotte, VT is provided by the Lake Champlain Transportation Company. While most years in the past decade the ferry service has run year-round, the ice-breaking ferries usually used on this route have been redeployed to Crown Point, NY to fill in for the Crown Point Bridge which was demolished in 2009.
- Jeffrey Hollender, American businessperson, entrepreneur, author, and activist. He is well known for his roles as CEO, co-founder, and later Chief Inspired Protagonist and Executive Chairperson of Seventh Generation Inc.
- Lane Gibson, sound engineer
- Melvin Kaplan, oboist and founder of the Vermont Mozart Festival
- John A. Kasson, politician, lawyer, and ambassador
- Dan Kiley, landscape architect
- Abel E. Leavenworth, educator and soldier
- Cyrus Pringle, botanist
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Critics say ferry closure would cause "ordeal" in Champlain Valley, by Brian Mann, North Country Public Radio, November 11, 2010.
- Essex Neighbors Fear Ice Will Close Ferry: Commuters Say Ferry Service Needs A Solution, WPTX, October 22, 2010.
- Winter ferry closures worry Essex, N.Y.-Charlotte riders by Matt Sudkoski, Burlington Free Press, October 25, 2010.
- Commuters fight for year-round ferry, WCAX, November 10, 2010.
- Essex-Charlotte ferry reopens by Lohr MckInstry, Plattsburgh Press Republican, March 22, 2010.
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