Choele Choel

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Choele Choel
Coordinates: 39°16′S 65°41′W / 39.267°S 65.683°W / -39.267; -65.683
Country  Argentina
Province Bandera de la Provincia del Río Negro.svg Río Negro
Established July 9, 1879
Government
 • Intendente Ricardo Calvo
Elevation 118 m (388 ft)
Population (2010 census [INDEC])
 • Total 10,642
CPA Base R8360
Website http://www.munichoelechoel.com.ar/

Choele Choel is the capital of the department of Avellaneda in the Argentine province of Río Negro, and the most important settlement within the Valle Medio ("Middle Valley") agricultural area of the Río Negro River in Patagonia

Overview[edit]

Recreational river-shore in Choele Choel.

Choele Choel, with a population of 10,791 (2001 census [INDEC]), is located at the intersection of the National Routes #22 and #250, around 1000 kilometres from Buenos Aires, 180 from General Roca, 193 from the Las Grutas beach resort, and 460 from Puerto Madryn.

Its long distance bus terminal is a common stop for buses going to both sea-side Patagonia (Puerto Madryn, Río Gallegos, Ushuaia) and North-Andean Patagonia (Bariloche, El Bolsón).

During the 1990s, the airport used to serve regular flights to Buenos Aires, but currently serves only infrequent private charters.

History[edit]

Originally named Nicolás Avellaneda, it was founded on July 9, 1879 by General Conrado Villegas. After a flood, the inhabitants moved to a place known as Pampa de los Molinos. They would stay there until Match 18, 1882, when the settlement was moved to its current location.

The town acquired special importance during the Conquest of the Desert, when the border between the white man and the Native Americans was pushed south the shore of the Río Negro River.

In 1883, a post office was installed in the town. Salesians arrived in 1890. The Provincial School #10 was created in 1904, and in 1917 the Library. Irish Argentine writer Rodolfo Walsh was born in the town in 1927, and Choele Choel is home to a sizable Russian community; besides the European immigrant communities common to most of Argentina, the town received refugees from Laos in the 1970s.

The Name[edit]

There are several versions regarding the meaning of Choele Choel: it might be from the Araucan language, translated as "Yellow flower race," or from the Tehuelche language ("Small river rolling-stones"). Another version translates it as "Bark scarecrows." [1]

Coordinates: 39°16′S 65°41′W / 39.267°S 65.683°W / -39.267; -65.683

Climate[edit]

Choele Choel has a semi-arid climate (Köppen climate classification BSk). [2] Winters are cool with a July mean of 7.5 °C (45.5 °F), with nighttime temperatures that frequently drop below 0 °C (32.0 °F) and occasionally below −10 °C (14.0 °F) on the coldest nights.[3] Cloudy days are common during winter, averaging 7-9 days from June to August although sunny days can occur as well.[3] Spring and fall are transition seasons that feature warm days, averaging 18 to 28 °C (64.4 to 82.4 °F) and cool nights, averaging 4 to 12 °C (39.2 to 53.6 °F) although temperatures can reach as high as 42 °C (107.6 °F) and low as −10.5 °C (13.1 °F) during these seasons.[3] Sumemrs are hot, dry, and sunny with daytime temperatures averaging 31 to 32 °C (87.8 to 89.6 °F) and cool nighttime temperatures, averaging 14 to 15 °C (57.2 to 59.0 °F). Precipitation is low, averaging 308.9 millimetres (12 in) which is fairly evenly distributed throughout the year.

Climate data for Choele Choel
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 44.9
(112.8)
43.9
(111)
42.4
(108.3)
36.7
(98.1)
31.0
(87.8)
26.4
(79.5)
25.9
(78.6)
29.9
(85.8)
34.7
(94.5)
38.2
(100.8)
42.0
(107.6)
44.1
(111.4)
44.9
(112.8)
Average high °C (°F) 32.9
(91.2)
31.6
(88.9)
28.2
(82.8)
23.0
(73.4)
18.0
(64.4)
13.9
(57)
13.9
(57)
16.7
(62.1)
19.5
(67.1)
23.9
(75)
28.3
(82.9)
30.9
(87.6)
23.4
(74.1)
Daily mean °C (°F) 24.2
(75.6)
22.9
(73.2)
19.5
(67.1)
15.0
(59)
11.0
(51.8)
7.7
(45.9)
7.5
(45.5)
9.4
(48.9)
12.0
(53.6)
16.0
(60.8)
20.2
(68.4)
22.8
(73)
15.7
(60.3)
Average low °C (°F) 15.4
(59.7)
14.2
(57.6)
11.6
(52.9)
5.9
(42.6)
4.7
(40.5)
1.8
(35.2)
1.5
(34.7)
2.6
(36.7)
4.9
(40.8)
8.2
(46.8)
11.7
(53.1)
14.1
(57.4)
8.1
(46.6)
Record low °C (°F) 3.2
(37.8)
2.0
(35.6)
−2.0
(28.4)
−6.4
(20.5)
−10.5
(13.1)
−12.8
(9)
−12.2
(10)
−11.0
(12.2)
−6.9
(19.6)
−8.8
(16.2)
−0.6
(30.9)
−1.0
(30.2)
−12.8
(9)
Precipitation mm (inches) 21.0
(0.827)
23.5
(0.925)
32.2
(1.268)
29.3
(1.154)
29.9
(1.177)
19.6
(0.772)
20.9
(0.823)
13.7
(0.539)
24.4
(0.961)
36.0
(1.417)
28.3
(1.114)
30.1
(1.185)
308.9
(12.161)
 % humidity 37.0 41.0 48.0 54.5 62.3 66.5 64.0 53.8 49.8 46.3 40.8 38.3 50.2
Source: Secretaria de Mineria[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Río Negro Province: Choele Choel (Spanish)
  2. ^ Peel, M. C. and Finlayson, B. L. and McMahon, T. A. (2007). "Updated world map of the Köppen–Geiger climate classification". Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci. 11: 1633–1644. doi:10.5194/hess-11-1633-2007. ISSN 1027-5606.  (direct: Final Revised Paper)
  3. ^ a b c d "Provincia de Rio Negro - Clima Y Meteorologia: Datos Meteorologicos Y Pluviometicos" (in Spanish). Secretaria de Mineria de la Nacion (Argentina). Retrieved February 10, 2014.