Russians in Argentina
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There are about 250,000 people of Russian descent living in Argentina, mostly in Buenos Aires and Greater Buenos Aires. Most arrived in Argentina between 1880 and 1921, while a smaller part of the community arrived in the 1990s. Russian presence in Argentina can be divided into five great waves of immigration, being the last three of them formed purely by ethnic Russians (the first two were also composed by large numbers of people from other parts of Eastern Europe, including the Volga Germans and Jews).
The history of Russian immigration to Argentina can be divided into several waves.
In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, a variety of groups from the Russian Empire emigrated to Argentina. From 1901 to 1920, Russia was the third most common country of origin for immigrants to Argentina. By ethnicity, the immigrants were primarily Jews and Volga Germans, but there were also Poles, Finns, and Ukrainians among them. By 1910, Argentina's population included 45,000 Germans. In the 80 years in Argentina have settled many of the Slavs - Bulgaria Serb Montenegrin, many of whom are looking for in a Catholic country patronage of Orthodox Russia, which established in 1885 with Argentina Diplomatic Relations.
Around since 1890, a wave of Jewish emigration from Russia, which led to the fact that by 1910 the Jewish population of Russia amounted to 100,000. In 1891, London was founded by Baron Hirsch Society to help Jewish colonization.
Following the call of the recruiters from Russia to Argentina began arriving seasonal workers, mostly peasants from the western provinces of Russia. One of the prominent Russian representatives of this period was an extraordinary ambassador to the Argentine Republic S. Alexander, son of Jonas, which served as ambassador to Brazil, and before that, former Minister Resident Montenegro. Passing along the east coast of Latin America, he published his work "In South America". Thanks to his efforts, rooted in Argentina Orthodox. June 14, 1888 in Buenos Aires e opened the first Orthodox Church in South America, it only takes a couple of close rooms. This temple, which later became a place of mutual support, was opened September 23, 1901 in Brasília, with the assistance of the Via Superior Gavrilovic tiled Constantine (1865–1953) and is named after Holy Trinity Cathedral. The temple was built in the style of Moscow churches 17th century by the academic MT Transfiguration, and directed the work of Norwegian Argentine architect Alexander Christopherson (Spanish: Alejandro Christopherson).
After the events of the Revolution of 1905, "Russian emigration" to Latin America had tripled in comparison with the previous twenty years, and within it were not only Jews and Russians, but Ukrainians and representatives of other nationalities. The total number of people reached 120,000 and took third place after the Spaniards and Italians.
After the Russian Revolution and the start of the Russian Civil War, some White émigrés also settled in Argentina. This went through waves of Crimea Istanbul, and then from the Balkans and Western Europe . Since 1926 his father became Kostantin protoprisviter om and administrators all Russian churches which are in neighboring Argentina states. He has helped open 16 churches in South America, and in the Buenos Aires Cathedral appeared in the northern part of the city and in the Kilmenes, area of residence Cossacks.
World War II, although it shared the views of Russian living in Latin America, most of them were pro-Soviet sentiments, and after recovery Joseph Stalin nd Institute patriarchate in the USSR, sympathy increased ( even managed to open a church of the Moscow Patriarchate in Buenos Aires). After the war, there was a new exodus of emigres in Europe. In 1948, President Juan Peron issued a law for the admission of 10.000 Russian. Among them, many were former uznkikami Fascist concentration camps. Then came to Argentina from 5,000 to 7,000 people.
Among them were 10 priests of the Russian Orthodox Church. Also came a few hundred soldiers. In Argentina, lived and died eight generals, a few dozen colonels, about twenty His Majesty the Emperor of Pages, about forty Knights of St. George and more than twenty officers of the Imperial Russian Navy. Also came to about 250 cadets Imperial and Foreign cadet.
In 1969 in Buenos Aires from Chile came Archbishop of Leontius (Vasily Konstantinovich Filipovich), whose task was to overcome the split between the Soviet and the monarchist-minded congregations. He died in 1971, and the split was overcome only in the 1990s.
The last wave of emigration coincided with the Perestroika and had a hidden, as the Russians who came to work and went in search of a permanent residence.
Now ruling bishop Argentine and South American dioceses is Archbishop Platon (Vladimir Udovenko).
Notable Russian Argentines
- Gerardo Sofovich
- Coti Sorokin
- Oscar Marincovich
- Luis Ziembrowsky
- Eugenio Zagortski
- Valentina Sharapova
- Lola Melnik
- Stepan Erzia
- Sandro de América
- Russian diaspora
- Argentina–Russia relations
- Immigration to Argentina
- Cathedral of the Most Holy Trinity, Buenos Aires
- www.dorogadomoj.com. "Русская белая эмиграция, И.Н.Андрушкевич. Буэнос-Айрес, 2004 г." (in Russian).
- Ehrenhaus 2012, p. 4
- Ehrenhaus 2012, p. 66
- Ehrenhaus, Sofía (2012), Inmigración rusa en la Argentina, Buenos Aires: Historia Visual, Museo Roca
- Claudio Flores, Fabián (2001-08-01), "Cadenas migratorias, redes sociales y espacios religiosos: el caso de la Colonia Ruso-Alemana a la Villa Adventista" [Migratory chains, social networks, and religious spaces: the case of the Russo-German colony of Adventista village], Scripta Nova. Revista Electrónica de Geografía y Ciencias Sociales. 94 (23), retrieved 2014-01-04
- Adrián O'Dwyer, Pablo (2006), Tierra prometida: la colonización judía en el Alto Valle del Río Negro — la colonia rusa, Ediciones de la Universidad Nacional del Comahue, OCLC 836991066
- Russian embassy in Buenos Aires about the Russian community in Argentina
- Center of Russian Science and Culture in Buenos Aires (in Russian and Spanish only)
- Argentine-Russian Chamber of Commerce and Industry (in Russian and Spanish)