Russians in Argentina
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There are 250,000 people of Russian origin living in Argentina. Mostly in Buenos Aires and Greater Buenos Aires. The majority came between 1880 and 1921. A smaller part of the community came in the 1990s.
The first came from Russia, immigrated to Argentina were Volga Germans, who, after the introduction in Russia of universal military service in 1874, began to emigrate to Argentina. So already by 1910 the country's population of 45.000 Germans. In the 80 years in Argentina have settled many of the Slavs - Bulgaria Serb Montenegrin, many of whom are looking for in a Catholic country patronage of Orthodox Russia, which established in 1885 with Argentina Diplomatic Relations.
Around since 1890, a wave of Jewish emigration from Russia, which led to the fact that by 1910 the Jewish population of Russia amounted to 100,000. In 1891, London was founded by Baron Hirsch Society to help Jewish colonization.
Following the call of the recruiters from Russia to Argentina began arriving seasonal workers, mostly peasants from the western provinces of Russia. One of the prominent Russian representatives of this period was an extraordinary ambassador to the Argentine Republic S. Alexander, son of Jonas, which served as ambassador to Brazil, and before that, former Minister Resident Montenegro. Passing along the east coast of Latin America, he published his work "In South America." Thanks to his efforts, rooted in Argentina Orthodox. June 14, 1888 in Buenos Aires e opened the first Orthodox Church in South America, it only takes a couple of close rooms. This temple, which later became a place of mutual support, was opened September 23, 1901 in Brasília, with the assistance of the Via Superior Gavrilovic tiled Constantine (1865–1953) and is named after Holy Trinity Cathedral. The temple was built in the style of Moscow churches 17th century by the academic MT Transfiguration, and directed the work of Norwegian Argentine architect Alexander Christopherson (Spanish: Alejandro Christopherson).
After the events of 1905 "Russian emigration" to Latin America has tripled in comparison with the previous twenty years, and within it were not only Jews and Russian, but Ukrainians and representatives of other nationalities. The total number of people reached 120.000 and took third place after the Spaniards and Italians.
As a result, Russian Civil War began the current White Emigration, which goes through waves of Crimea Istanbul, and then from the Balkans and Western Europe . Since 1926 his father became Kostantin protoprisviter om and administrators all Russian churches which are in neighboring Argentina states. He has helped open 16 churches in South America, and in the Buenos Aires Cathedral appeared in the northern part of the city and in the Kilmenes, area of residence Cossack s.
World War II, although it shared the views of Russian living in Latin America, most of them were pro-Soviet sentiments, and after recovery Joseph Stalin nd Institute patriarchate in the USSR, sympathy increased ( even managed to open a church of the Moscow Patriarchate in Buenos Aires). After the war, there was a new exodus of emigres in Europe. In 1948, President Juan Peron issued a law for the admission of 10.000 Russian. Among them, many were former uznkikami Fascist concentration camps. Then came to Argentina from 5,000 to 7,000 people.
Among them were 10 priests of the Russian Orthodox Church. Also came a few hundred soldiers. In Argentina, lived and died eight generals, a few dozen colonels, about twenty His Majesty the Emperor of Pages, about forty Knights of St. George and more than twenty officers of the Imperial Russian Navy. Also came to about 250 cadets Imperial and Foreign cadet.
In 1969 in Buenos Aires from Chile came Archbishop of Leontius (Vasily Konstantinovich Filipovich), whose task was to overcome the split between the Soviet and the monarchist-minded congregations. He died in 1971, and the split was overcome only in the 1990s.
The last wave of emigration coincided with the Perestroika and had a hidden, as the Russians who came to work and went in search of a permanent residence.
Now ruling bishop Argentine and South American dioceses is Archbishop Platon (Vladimir Udovenko).
- Gerardo Sofóvich
- Coti Sorokin
- Oscar Marincovich
- Luis Ziembrowsky
- Eugenio Zagortski
- Valentina Sharapova
- Lola Melnik
- Russian diaspora
- Argentina–Russia relations
- Immigration to Argentina
- Cathedral of the Most Holy Trinity, Buenos Aires
- To emigrate to Argentina please contact www.immigrationsupport.com.ar
- Russian embassy in Buenos Aires about the Russian community in Argentina
- Center of Russian Science and Culture in Buenos Aires (in Russian and Spanish only)
- Argentine-Russian Chamber of Commerce and Industry (in Russian and Spanish)