Chos Malal

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Chos Malal
Chos Malal is located in Argentina
Chos Malal
Chos Malal
Location in Argentina
Coordinates: 37°22′S 70°16′W / 37.367°S 70.267°W / -37.367; -70.267Coordinates: 37°22′S 70°16′W / 37.367°S 70.267°W / -37.367; -70.267
Country  Argentina
Province Neuquén Province
Department Chos Malal Department
Founded August 4, 1887
Government
 • Mayor Carlos Anibal Lator
Elevation 974 m (3,196 ft)
Population (2001 census [INDEC])
 • Total 11,361
CPA Base Q 8353
Area code(s) +54 02948
Website Chos Malal Municipality

Chos Malal from Mapudungun (English:Yellow Pen) is the capital city of the Chos Malal Department located in Neuquén Province, Argentina.

History[edit]

Chos Malal was established on August 4, 1887 by the coronel José Olascoaga, the city was the capital of Territorio del Neuquén until 1904 when the capital and administrative buildings were moved to Neuquén capital city of the Confluencia Department. Chos Malal was established as a control point for the route of Animal husbandry and avoid Cattle raiding. When the Rail transport arrived to Neuquén Province the economy of the province helped the city of Neuquén to grow very fast and soon it was the provincial capital.

Geography[edit]

Chos Malal is located between the Neuquén River and Curi Leuvú river in the Cordillera del Viento. The Chos Malal is surrounded by conifer forests mostly Araucaria trees.

Climate[edit]

Chos Malal has a semi-arid climate (Köppen BSk), with cold winters and hot summers; during the winter there are regular snow storms.

Climate data for Chos Malal (1901–1960)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 40.6
(105.1)
40.6
(105.1)
37.8
(100)
34.2
(93.6)
30.6
(87.1)
25.5
(77.9)
25.1
(77.2)
29.0
(84.2)
33.9
(93)
33.4
(92.1)
37.5
(99.5)
39.6
(103.3)
40.6
(105.1)
Average high °C (°F) 31.1
(88)
30.3
(86.5)
27.4
(81.3)
22.1
(71.8)
17.0
(62.6)
13.2
(55.8)
12.8
(55)
15.0
(59)
18.2
(64.8)
22.8
(73)
26.5
(79.7)
29.2
(84.6)
22.1
(71.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) 21.3
(70.3)
20.2
(68.4)
17.1
(62.8)
12.6
(54.7)
9.6
(49.3)
6.6
(43.9)
6.1
(43)
7.4
(45.3)
9.7
(49.5)
13.7
(56.7)
17.3
(63.1)
20.0
(68)
13.5
(56.3)
Average low °C (°F) 12.4
(54.3)
11.1
(52)
8.3
(46.9)
4.7
(40.5)
3.4
(38.1)
1.3
(34.3)
0.4
(32.7)
0.9
(33.6)
2.8
(37)
5.6
(42.1)
8.7
(47.7)
10.6
(51.1)
5.9
(42.6)
Record low °C (°F) −1.9
(28.6)
2.0
(35.6)
−3.0
(26.6)
−9.1
(15.6)
−10.6
(12.9)
−12.5
(9.5)
−13.9
(7)
−9.6
(14.7)
−9.1
(15.6)
−4.5
(23.9)
−4.2
(24.4)
−0.6
(30.9)
−13.9
(7)
Precipitation mm (inches) 10.0
(0.394)
10.3
(0.406)
11.0
(0.433)
17.1
(0.673)
42.2
(1.661)
36.3
(1.429)
32.6
(1.283)
30.2
(1.189)
14.6
(0.575)
13.0
(0.512)
10.4
(0.409)
9.4
(0.37)
237.1
(9.335)
 % humidity 40.7 44.0 32.3 53.0 58.7 62.3 61.3 57.0 51.0 44.3 41.0 39.0 48.7
Source: Secretaria de Mineria[1]

Culture[edit]

The Jose Olascoaga historical museum located in the city has exhibits of many historical pieces of the Conquest of the Desert such as documents, soldier's equipment and Mapuche objects.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Provincia de Neuquen - Clima Y Meteorologia: Datos Meteorologicos Y Pluviometicos" (in Spanish). Secretaria de Mineria de la Nacion (Argentina). Retrieved February 8, 2014.