Chris Mooney (journalist)

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Chris Mooney
Chris Mooney Jan 2010.jpg
Born (1977-09-20) September 20, 1977 (age 36)
Mesa, Arizona, U.S.
Nationality United States
Occupation Journalist, Author

Christopher Cole "Chris" Mooney (born September 20, 1977) is an American journalist and author of four books including the 2005 New York Times Best Seller The Republican War on Science. Mooney's writing focuses on subjects such as global warming and the creation–evolution controversy, and he has been described as "one of the few journalists in the country who specialize in the now dangerous intersection of science and politics."[1][2]

Biography[edit]

Family and education[edit]

Mooney was born in Mesa, Arizona, and grew up in New Orleans, Louisiana.[3][4] Both of his parents were college English professors. He attended Isidore Newman School before entering Yale University, where he graduated with a B.A. in English in 1999. His interest in science, and especially biology and the impact of Charles Darwin, was strongly influenced by his grandfather Gerald A. Cole, a biologist at Arizona State University and author of Textbook of Limnology, a noted book in the field.[5] Mooney is the oldest of three siblings: his sister Kate Mooney is a freelance writer[6] and his brother Davy Mooney is a jazz guitarist.[7]

Journalistic work[edit]

Upon graduation from Yale, Mooney took a position at the Center for Inquiry in Amherst, New York but soon returned to New Orleans to consider his future as a writer. He was a freelance writer for the magazine Lingua Franca before earning a one year fellowship at The American Prospect magazine in 2000. Upon the completion of the fellowship he was hired by the magazine and moved to Washington, D.C. as a staff writer. As online editor for the magazine he established Tapped, one of the earliest online blogs.[8]

After leaving The American Prospect Mooney continued his freelance work contributing to a variety of other publications, including Slate, Salon.com, Legal Affairs, Reason, The American Scholar, The Washington Monthly, the Utne Reader, Columbia Journalism Review, The Washington Post, the Washington City Paper and The Boston Globe.[9] Mooney maintained the column Doubt and About for the magazine Skeptical Inquirer, last contributing in 2006.[10] Mooney started the blog The Intersection which ran on ScienceBlogs from 2006 to 2009, then at Discover Magazine until 2011, before moving to Science Progress in 2011.[11] From 2007 until 2013 he contributed to DeSmogBlog, a blog that focuses on topics related to global warming. Mooney is presently a correspondent for The Climate Desk magazine and for Mother Jones.

In 2005 Mooney's first book, The Republican War on Science, was released. The book explored the premise that the presidential administration of George W. Bush regularly distorted and/or suppressed scientific research to further its own political aims. The book became a New York Times Best Seller and its success landed Mooney interviews on popular television programs such as The Daily Show and The Colbert Report.[12][13] In 2012 a paper published in the American Sociological Review confirmed the book's thesis that conservatives in the United States have become increasingly distrustful of science.[14]

Podcast host[edit]

From 2010 to 2013, Mooney served as one of the hosts of the Center for Inquiry podcast Point of Inquiry.[15] In June 2013, following a wave of criticism directed at Center for Inquiry president Ronald Lindsay for his remarks at a conference focused on women in secularism, Mooney, co-host Indre Viskontas, and producer Adam Isaak announced their resignation from the Point of Inquiry podcast.[16][17] Mooney, Viskontas, and Isaak started a new podcast at Mother Jones, titled Inquiring Minds, and the first episode of the new podcast was released in September 2013.[18]

Affiliations[edit]

In 2009, he joined the Center for Collaborative History at Princeton University for the Spring semester as a visiting associate.[19] From 2009 to 2010, Mooney was a Knight Science Journalism Fellow at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.[20][21] In February 2010, Mooney was named a Templeton-Cambridge Journalism Fellow at the Templeton Foundation.[22]

Controversies[edit]

In 2007 Mooney and co-author Matthew Nisbet wrote a paper for Science on the topic of "Framing Science".[23] They advocated that scientists and science communicators tailor their messages to account for how the general public filters information based on pre-existing beliefs. Practical examples of this filtering include the impact of fundamental religious beliefs on the topic of evolution and conservative political beliefs on the topic of climate change. Mooney and Nesbit called out popular biologist and author Richard Dawkins, noting his criticism of religion was unlikely to change religious fundamentalist minds and in fact more likely to strengthen their doubt of the scientific data. The framing science proposal created a large, often contentious debate within the online scientific blogging community,[24] though research continues on the influence of framing.[25]

In the book Unscientific America, Mooney and co-author Sheril Kirshenbaum expressed the concern that some science communicators were pressing the view that one must make a choice between accepting science or accepting religion. Critics of Mooney labelled him as an "accommodationist", or one who seeks to find compatibility between religious and scientific beliefs.[26][27] Mooney defended his position in a number of publications and podcasts by citing that ongoing scientific studies continues to support the hypothesis that people integrate new information based on their pre-existing worldviews, and that failure to account for this fact will lead to continued failures in science communication.[28][29][30]

Written work[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

Critical reviews[edit]

The Republican War on Science received mostly positive reviews.[1][31][32][33][34] A review in Scientific American described it as well-researched and closely argued.[1] Michael Stebbins wrote in Nature Medicine that the book should be a wake-up call and stated, "Mooney's documentation of the willful manipulation of science on the part of conservatives to suit an agenda is well supported and nauseating."[32] It was featured on the cover of The New York Times Book Review and selected as an "Editors' Choice" by The New York Times.[35]

Storm World was written after Mooney witnessed the devastation of his mother's house in Hurricane Katrina.[36] Thomas Hayden wrote in the Los Angeles Times that Mooney deftly handled the complexity of the questions surrounding global warming and its effect on hurricanes while weaving an intriguing and important story.[37] A review in The New York Times Book Review called it "a well-researched, nuanced book" but criticized it's organization and lack of "pizazz".[38]

Writing about The Republican Brain in The New York Times Paul Krugman stated that Mooney makes a good point: the personality traits associated with modern conservatism, particularly a lack of openness, make the modern Republican Party hostile to the idea of objective inquiry.[39] The book sparked some controversy.[40]

Unscientific America cowritten with Sheril Kirshenbaum addressed scientific illiteracy in America. It was a New York Times best seller and received substantial critical attention.[41] A favorable review in Science Communication anticipated controversy.[42] Less favorable reviews in the BMJ and the New Scientist supported the authors' analysis of the problem but were critical of the solutions proposed.[43][44] American Scientist and Science published negative reviews.[45][46]

Mooney has written about issues in communicating science to the public in the The Washington Post.[2][47] He is the author of a report, Do Scientists Understand the Public?, which reviews an ongoing exploration of the subject by the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.[2]

His article "The Dover Monkey Trial" written for Seed was included in the 2005 edition of The Best American Science and Nature Writing.[3] In 2005 he received the Association of Reproductive Health Professionals Preserving Core Values in Science Award.[48]

Chris Mooney participating in "Science and Public Policy" panel at CSICON 2011 in New Orleans

In the media[edit]

Mooney's commentary on global warming has been reported in the press, including his position that treating the issue as a legitimate debate is misleading because it bestows legitimacy on pseudoscientific propaganda and his comment that, "the only people confronting global warming with blinders on are Republicans."[49][50] His explanation of the link between global warming and intense storms has also been reported.[51]

Public appearances[edit]

Mooney has lectured extensively including appearances at Harvard Medical School, Yale University, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Princeton University and the NASA Goddard Space Flight Center.[3][52]

He has been interviewed on the NPR radio programs Fresh Air and Science Friday on the latter about The Republican War on Science and the court case concerning teaching "intelligent design" in public schools in Pennsylvania, Kitzmiller v. Dover Area School District.[3][53][54] He has also appeared on the television program The Daily Show with John Stewart.[3]

Other publications[edit]

Articles and reports[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Rensenberger, Boyce (24 September 2005). "Science abuse". Scientific American (book review). Retrieved 2014-04-24. 
  2. ^ a b c Revkin, Andrew C. (29 June 2010). "Scientists from Mars face public from Venus". Dot Earth. The New York Times. Retrieved 2014-04-24. 
  3. ^ a b c d e "Best selling science author Chris Mooney to present second lecture in University of Alabama Global Sustainability series" (Press release). US Fed News Service, Including US State News. 24 October 2007. Retrieved 2014-04-25 – via ProQuest. (subscription required (help)). 
  4. ^ "About the Author". The Republican War on Science. Basic Books. Retrieved 27 June 2014. 
  5. ^ Cole, Gerald (January 1, 1994). Textbook of Limnology. Waveland Press. ISBN 0881338001. 
  6. ^ "Kate Mooney at LinkedIn". Retrieved 5 April 2014. 
  7. ^ "Davy Mooney". Retrieved 5 April 2014. 
  8. ^ Klein, Ezra. "How the American Prospect changed policy journalism". www.vox.com. Retrieved 10 June 2014. 
  9. ^ "About the Author". Basic Books. Retrieved 4 July 2013. 
  10. ^ "Special Articles — Doubt and About". csicop.org. Committee for Skeptical Inquiry. Retrieved 2014-04-24. 
  11. ^ Mooney, Chris. "The Intersection Has Officially Moved to Science Progress". The Intersection. Discover Magazine. Retrieved 4 July 2013. 
  12. ^ "The Daily Show - Chris Mooney". Retrieved 5 April 2014. 
  13. ^ "The Colbert Report - Obama's New Science Policy". Retrieved 5 April 2014. 
  14. ^ Gauchat, Gordon. "Politicization of Science in the Public Sphere: A Study of Public Trust in the United States, 1974 to 2010". American Sociological Review 77 (2): 167–187. Retrieved 5 April 2014. 
  15. ^ "Paul Offit - The Cost of Vaccine Denial". 
  16. ^ Isaak, Adam; Viskontas, Indre; Mooney, Chris. "Point of Inquiry team resigns, saunches new show with Mother Jones" (open letter). Retrieved 2014-04-24 – via Google Docs. 
  17. ^ "Statement of Objection to Center for Inquiry CEO Ron Lindsay's Actions Regarding Feminism". www.secularwomen.org. Retrieved 23 April 2014. 
  18. ^ "Climate desk launches Inquiring Minds: Weekly science podcast to explore where science, policy, and society collide" (Press release). Mother Jones. 20 September 2013. Retrieved 2014-04-24. 
  19. ^ The Center for Collaborative History
  20. ^ "The 2009-2010 Knight Science Fellows". Retrieved 20 April 2014. 
  21. ^ "Knight Science Journalism Fellows". Retrieved 23 April 2014. 
  22. ^ Chris C. Mooney. "The Rumors of My Fellowship Have Been Greatly Accurate". 
  23. ^ Nesbit, Matthew; Mooney, Chris (April 6, 2007). "Framing Science". Science. 5821 316: 56. doi:10.1126/science.1142030. Retrieved 20 April 2014. 
  24. ^ "One Stop Shopping for the Framing Science Debate". ScienceBlogs. Retrieved 20 April 2014. 
  25. ^ "Articles since 2010 on the 'Influence of framing' s". Google Scholar. Retrieved 30 June 2014. 
  26. ^ "Eugenie Scott and Chris Mooney dissemble about accommodationism". http://whyevolutionistrue.wordpress.com. Retrieved 20 April 2014. 
  27. ^ "Remember Chris Mooney?". http://sandwalk.blogspot.com. Retrieved 20 April 2014. 
  28. ^ "Chris Mooney - Accommodationism and the Psychology of Belief". pointofinquiry.org. Retrieved 23 April 2014. 
  29. ^ "Reasonable Doubts Podcast - Accommodationism with Chris Mooney". Retrieved 23 April 2014. 
  30. ^ "The Intersection Blog - On Accommodationism and Templeton". Retrieved 23 April 2014. 
  31. ^ Oreskes, Naomi (7 October 2005). "Anti-realism in government". Science 310 (5745): 56. doi:10.1126/science.1115765. 
  32. ^ a b Stebbins, Michael (April 2006). "The wake-up call". Nature Medicine 12 (4): 381. 
  33. ^ Davidson, Keay (18 September 2005). "Research and the right". The Washington Post (book review). Retrieved 2014-04-23. 
  34. ^ Horgan, John (18 December 2005). "Political science". The New York Times (book review). Retrieved 2014-04-23. 
  35. ^ "Editors' Choice". Browsing Books. The New York Times. 25 December 2005. Retrieved 2014-04-25. 
  36. ^ "Storm World: Hurricanes, Politics, and the Battle over Global Warming". Publishers Weekly. 23 April 2007. Retrieved 2014-04-24. 
  37. ^ Hayden, Thomas (15 July 2007). "Category 5; Storm World Hurricanes, Politics, and the Battle Over Global Warming Chris Mooney Harcourt: 392 pp., $26". Los Angeles Times (home ed.). p. R8. 
  38. ^ Margonelli, Lisa (1 July 2007). "Wild is the wind". The New York Times Book Review. Retrieved 2014-04-23. 
  39. ^ Krugman, Paul (19 November 2012). "Views differ on age of planet". The New York Times. Retrieved 2014-04-24. 
  40. ^ Quart, Alissa (23 November 2012). "Neuroscience: Under attack". The New York Times. Retrieved 2014-04-24. 
  41. ^ State University of New York at Purchase (7 January 2011). "Speakers for Science in Modern World lecture series announced". US Fed News Service, Including US State News. Retrieved 2014-04-24 – via HighBeam Research. (subscription required (help)). 
  42. ^ Tenenbaum, D. J. (2010). "Book Review: Unscientific America: How Scientific Illiteracy Threatens Our Future, by Chris Mooney and Sheril Kirshenbaum. New York: Basic Books, 2009. 209 pp". Science Communication 32: 132. doi:10.1177/1075547009359802. Closed access
  43. ^ Colquhoun, D. (2009). "Trust me, I'm a scientist". BMJ 339: b3658. doi:10.1136/bmj.b3658. Closed access
  44. ^ Giles, Jim (8 August 2009). "Review: Unscientific America by Chris Mooney and Sheril Kirshenbaum". New Scientist (2720). (subscription required (help)). 
  45. ^ Miller, Jon D. (November–December 2009). "A thin broth". American Scientist (book review) 97 (6). p. 509. doi:10.1511/2009.81.509. Retrieved 2014-04-23. 
  46. ^ Coyne, Jerry (2009). "Selling science". Books et al. Science 325 (5941): 678. doi:10.1126/science.1179131. Closed access
  47. ^ Johnson, Kate (1 June 2010). "Exploring diversity and common ground in medical communication: From bench to bedside to breakfast news-eliminating roadblocks on the continuum of medical communication". American Medical Writers Association Journal – via HighBeam Research. (subscription required (help)). 
  48. ^ "Preserving Core Values in Science Award winners". arhp.org. Association of Reproductive Health Professionals. Retrieved 2014-04-25. 
  49. ^ Young, Cathy (16 January 2007). "Warning! Rising levels of science abuse - Opinion - International Herald Tribune". The New York Times. Retrieved 2014-04-25. 
  50. ^ Revkin, Andrew C. (13 December 2010). "Does science need more Republicans?". The New York Times. Retrieved 2014-04-25. 
  51. ^ Nizza, Mike (21 August 2007). "Hurricanes and history". The Lede. The New York Times (blog). Retrieved 2014-04-25. 
  52. ^ "Education and Outreach Colloquium, Chris Mooney". atmospheres.gsfc.nasa.gov. Goddard Space Flight Center: NASA. Retrieved 2014-04-25. 
  53. ^ Flatow, Ira (11 November 2005). "Interview: Chris Mooney discusses 'The Republican War on Science'". Talk of the Nation: Science Friday (NPR). Retrieved 2014-04-24 – via HighBeam Research. (subscription required (help)). 
  54. ^ Flatow, Ira (30 September 2005). "Interview: Chris Mooney discusses Pennsylvania court weighing creationism in schools". Talk of the Nation: Science Friday (NPR). 

External links[edit]