Cincinnati riots of 2001
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The Cincinnati riots of 2001 were the largest urban disorders in the United States since the Los Angeles riots of 1992. The four days of rioting were a reaction to the fatal shooting in Cincinnati, Ohio of Timothy Thomas, a 19-year-old black male, by Steven Roach, a white police officer, during an on-foot pursuit by several officers.
Background of tensions
A local independent magazine, City Beat, published research that an "analysis of 141,000 traffic citations written by Cincinnati Police in a 22-month period found black drivers twice as likely as whites to be cited for driving without a license, twice as likely to be cited for not wearing a seat belt and four times as likely to be cited for driving without proof of insurance."  The NAACP argued that such statistics were the result of police targeting "driving while black," rather than differences in offending between-groups.
Owensby, Irons & Tyehimba
A black businessman, Bomani Tyehimba, filed a lawsuit in 1999 against the city of Cincinnati. He claimed that police illegally ordered him out of his car, handcuffed him and held a gun to his head during a routine traffic stop.
The short term aftermath
Sixty-three rioters were indicted on felony charges.
- Waddington (2007), pg. 64.
- Klepal, Dan and Andrews, Cindi. "Stories of 15 black men killed by police since 1995" The Cincinnati Enquirer, 15 April 2001. 29 October 2006 .
- "Driving while black". Washington Times. 19 April 2001.
- Gottbrath, Paul (2001-03-14). "Suit kicks off battle over racial profiling". The Cincinnati Post (E. W. Scripps Company). Archived from the original on 2006-10-20. Retrieved 2007-10-01.
- McCain, Marie. "Grand jury indicts 63 in looting, violence" The Cincinnati Enquirer, 21 April 2001. 29 October 2006 .