Ciudad Constitución

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Ciudad Constitución
Ciudad Constitución road sign on Highway 1, south of the city
Ciudad Constitución road sign on Highway 1, south of the city
Ciudad Constitución is located in Baja California Sur
Ciudad Constitución
Ciudad Constitución
Location in Baja California Sur
Coordinates: 25°01′56″N 111°40′13″W / 25.03222°N 111.67028°W / 25.03222; -111.67028Coordinates: 25°01′56″N 111°40′13″W / 25.03222°N 111.67028°W / 25.03222; -111.67028
Country  Mexico
State Baja California Sur
Municipality Comondú
Elevation 187 ft (57 m)
Population (2015)
 • City 42,964 Increase
 • Density 160/sq mi (62/km2)
 • Urban 42,954
 • Metro 45,024
 • Metro density 140/sq mi (53/km2)
Time zone MST (UTC−7)
 • Summer (DST) MDT (UTC−6)

Ciudad Constitución is a city in the Mexican state of Baja California Sur. It is the seat of the municipality of Comondú and is located 210 kilometers north of La Paz, Baja California Sur, and 147 kilometers south of Loreto, Baja California Sur. As of 2010, the city had a total population of 40,935.[1] It is the fifth-largest community in the state (behind La Paz, San José del Cabo, Cabo San Lucas, and Colonia del Sol). Ciudad Constitución is a small city which serves as a gateway to Magdalena Bay. It is also close to the Baja 1000 course.

The colonization of Valle de Santo Domingo (Valley of Santo Domingo) originated around 1940. A ranch called El Crucero (The Crossroad) was settled in a crossroad. Because of this, people started to gather around it and the population started to grow. It quickly became a commercial hub and an obligatory travel stop for all the inhabitants of Valle de Santo Domingo, as well as for people going north or south on the peninsula. Then, it became known as Villa Constitución, and later, Ciudad Constitución. Even today, many locals still call it "El Crucero". Every 5 February the city becomes the state's capital for one day. Since 1996, the Instituto Tecnológico Superior de Ciudad Constitución serves as a higher education institution.

Ciudad Constitución's mainstay is the cultivation of wheat, chickpea, cotton, asparagus, citrics, vegetables, among others crops. The city also has a dairy products processing plant (pasteurized milk, yogurt, fruit beverages): "Unión de Ejidos 20 de Noviembre". Ciudad Constitución has a few small hotels (Hotel El Conquistador, Hotel Conchita, Hotel Maribel, Hotel Ryal), supermarkets (Super Ley, Super Murillo), gas stations, travel agencies (Viajes Pedrín), etc.

In Ciudad Constitución and nearby areas mobile phone service is provided by Telcel (AMPS/TDMA 800) and Movistar (AMPS 800), both carriers also operate newer GSM 1900 networks. The Mexican long distance area code for the municipalities of Comondú and Loreto is 613. Internet access is possible in cybercafes through the city's downtown, as well as by dial-up access from regular landlines. Communication with remote areas of Valle de Santo Domingo, nearby islands, and other remote regions of the municipality of Comondú is mainly possible by means of a local AM radio station (XEVSD 1440 kHz).

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Ciudad Constitución (1981–2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 37.7
(99.9)
34.0
(93.2)
41.6
(106.9)
43.0
(109.4)
41.0
(105.8)
45.5
(113.9)
45.8
(114.4)
43.0
(109.4)
44.6
(112.3)
42.9
(109.2)
39.4
(102.9)
35.6
(96.1)
45.8
(114.4)
Average high °C (°F) 26.3
(79.3)
28.0
(82.4)
29.3
(84.7)
31.0
(87.8)
31.6
(88.9)
34.7
(94.5)
37.3
(99.1)
37.8
(100)
36.3
(97.3)
34.4
(93.9)
29.9
(85.8)
26.4
(79.5)
31.9
(89.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) 17.4
(63.3)
18.7
(65.7)
19.7
(67.5)
21.3
(70.3)
22.4
(72.3)
25.2
(77.4)
28.7
(83.7)
29.7
(85.5)
28.6
(83.5)
25.6
(78.1)
21.0
(69.8)
18.0
(64.4)
23.0
(73.4)
Average low °C (°F) 8.5
(47.3)
9.3
(48.7)
10.1
(50.2)
11.6
(52.9)
13.3
(55.9)
15.6
(60.1)
20.2
(68.4)
21.7
(71.1)
21.0
(69.8)
16.7
(62.1)
12.0
(53.6)
9.6
(49.3)
14.1
(57.4)
Record low °C (°F) −4.7
(23.5)
1.0
(33.8)
0.4
(32.7)
2.7
(36.9)
4.0
(39.2)
6.2
(43.2)
11.5
(52.7)
15.8
(60.4)
6.5
(43.7)
4.0
(39.2)
2.4
(36.3)
0.7
(33.3)
−4.7
(23.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 12.9
(0.508)
4.8
(0.189)
2.6
(0.102)
1.1
(0.043)
0.1
(0.004)
0.1
(0.004)
15.6
(0.614)
32.5
(1.28)
30.0
(1.181)
2.6
(0.102)
11.1
(0.437)
27.1
(1.067)
140.6
(5.535)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 1.1 1.4 0.6 0.3 0.1 0.1 1.3 3.2 3.4 0.6 1.4 2.3 15.7
Avg. relative humidity (%) 68 67 66 65 66 65 64 64 69 66 66 68 66
Mean monthly sunshine hours 234 232 270 286 316 330 305 305 270 282 247 212 3,289
Source #1: Servicio Meteorologico Nacional[2]
Source #2: Deutscher Wetterdienst (sun, 1961–1990)[3][a]

Transportation[edit]

For air travel, the city is served by the Ciudad Constitución Airport, which is a small airfield where two regional airlines provide service to Los Mochis and Ciudad Obregón. The airport also handles air taxi service. The city's nearest major airports are located in Loreto (Loreto International Airport), La Paz (Manuel Márquez de León International Airport) and San José del Cabo (Los Cabos International Airport). Small aircraft make use of local dirt runaways. Autotransportes Águila is a bus line which covers all the length of the Baja California Peninsula, mainly along Mexican Federal Highway 1 (also known as "Carretera Transpeninsular"), and has an office in Ciudad Constitución.

For March 1, 2015 is the city inhabitabs from 43,000

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1990 33,948 —    
1995 35,447 +4.4%
2000 —    
2005 37 220 —    
2010 40,935 —    
2015 42,986 +5.0%
[4] —    

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Comondú". Catálogo de Localidades. Secretaría de Desarrollo Social (SEDESOL). Retrieved 23 April 2014. 
  2. ^ "NORMALES CLIMATOLÓGICAS 1981–2000" (PDF) (in Spanish). Servicio Meteorológico Nacional. Retrieved 4 May 2015. 
  3. ^ "Station 76402: Ciudad Constitución, BCS". Global station data 1961–1990—Sunshine Duration. Deutscher Wetterdienst. Retrieved 4 May 2015. 
  4. ^ http://www.inegi.org.mx/sistemas/TabuladosBasicos/LeerArchivo.aspx?ct=993&c=16762&s=est&f=1

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Station ID for Ciudad Constitución, BCS is 76402 Use this station ID to locate the sunshine duration

External links[edit]