Los Mochis

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Los Mochis
Municipal seat
Official seal of Los Mochis
Seal
Los Mochis is located in Mexico
Los Mochis
Los Mochis
Location in Mexico
Coordinates: 25°47′0.59″N 108°59′37.47″W / 25.7834972°N 108.9937417°W / 25.7834972; -108.9937417Coordinates: 25°47′0.59″N 108°59′37.47″W / 25.7834972°N 108.9937417°W / 25.7834972; -108.9937417
Country  Mexico
State Sinaloa
Municipality Ahome
Founded in 1893
Founded by Benjamin F. Johnston
Government
 • Mayor Arturo Duarte García PRI Party (Mexico).svg PRI
Elevation 10 m (30 ft)
Population (2010)
 • Total 256,613 (124,228 males, 132,385 females)
Time zone Mountain Standard Time (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST) Mountain Daylight Time (UTC-6)

Los Mochis (Spanish pronunciation: [los ˈmotʃis]) is a coastal city in northern Sinaloa, Mexico. It serves as the municipal seat of the municipality of Ahome. As of the 2010 census, the population was 256,613, which was 61 percent of the municipality's population.

Los Mochis (Place of Turtles[1])is the western terminus of the Chihuahua-Pacific Railroad, or ChePe, which passes through the scenic Copper Canyon. This railway was originally conceived by Albert K. Owen and approved by President Porfirio Díaz as a trade route linking the cattle markets in Kansas City with the nearest port on the Pacific Ocean, Topolobampo.

Today the North Pacific irrigation region (Sinaloa-Sonora) in which the Fort Valley is the largest district and is the principal agricultural area of Sinaloa, containing over 70% of all irrigated land and producing sugar cane, cotton, rice, flowers, and many types of vegetables. The valley is one of the largest producers of mangoes in Mexico. Air transportation is provided by Los Mochis International Airport. Nearby Topolobampo is the second largest natural deepwater port in the world, known for its commercial fishing and increasingly important role in shipping.

History[edit]

Los Mochis was founded in 1893 by a group of American utopian socialists who were adherents of Albert Kimsey Owen, an American civil engineer who built the first irrigation ditches in the valley. The colony, organized under the principles of utopian socialism, survived for 30 years. Albert K. Owen, the American civil engineer who came to do studies for the construction of a railway, was enchanted by Ohuira Bay and imagined the city of the future, where railways and shipping lines converged to ship throughout the entire world. Today, the port city of Topolobampo continues to be developed and may one day reach Owen's dream.

The city itself was founded by a businessman named Benjamin F. Johnston, who came to make a fortune in the cultivation of sugarcane. The founding of the sugar mill produced a population boom in 1903.

Benjamin F. Johnston arrived at Topolobampo attracted by the city project of Owen. Johnston saw an opportunity to exploit resources such as sugar cane and together with Edward Lycan, who had been linked to Zacarías Ochoa, owner of a Trapiche (raw sugar mill) named "El Águila", initiated the construction of a sugar mill. Ochoa died suddenly, and Johnston seized businesses that Lycan and Ochoa founded. "El Águila Sugar Refining Company" later became "United Sugar Company."

In 1898, Johnston laid the first stone of the sugar mill and drove the rapid growth of the city around it. The first harvest was welcomed in the year 1903.

Sacred Heart Church

Johnston was a very powerful and influential businessman, so powerful that he was the one that drew the street plans for Los Mochis, a modern city with wide and straight streets. Although it was not until 1903 when it was recognized along with Topolobampo, as a city. On 20 April 1903 a decree is founded by the mayor of Los Mochis, during the state government of Francisco Cañedo. In 1916, establishing the town of Ahome and since 1935 the municipal seat of the latter is located in the city of Los Mochis. It is currently the commercial center of Valle del Fuerte and its radius of influence extends from the southern part of the neighboring state of Sonora and to the municipalities of El Fuerte, Sinaloa, Choix and Guasave in Sinaloa.

The economic development of the city began with the sugar industry, but in recent decades, its progress rests on the high-tech agriculture is practiced throughout the northwestern region of Mexico.

A group of enthusiastic people in la Villa de Ahome, under the name of "separatist" fought to create a municipality outside the hegemony of El Fuerte, achieved its objectives until 5 January 1917 that the mayor came to El Fuerte install new city hall in which he presided Ramon C. López who had been appointed by the state governor Francisco Cañedo.

The municipality of Ahome was created by decree of the Local Legislature dated 20 December 1917, being governor of the state Gral. Ángel Flores, and was appointed head of the municipality of La Villa de Ahome.

In 1918 Florencio A. Valdés, was the first elected mayor.

The City Council Ahome preceded by Modesto G. Castro decided to make the move to the town of Los Mochis, justifying that this population had grown so much that already exceeded several times to La Villa de Ahome.

The City Council Ahome, in a decision dated 1 April 1935, allowed the change to the header, and the State Legislature passed it through another decree issued on May 10 next, which was published in the Official Journal of State the 30th day of the month.

The transfer took place without major problems right away and offices were installed in the house owned by Don Fco. Beltran, located at the corner of Hidalgo and Zaragoza next to the local occupied by the former Sindicatura.

The old town of Ahome, to remain laggard in the process of the region, had also been relegated to second place. Since then the city of Los Mochis, as the town of Ahome whole have had major changes both economic and social policy have remained constant progress to the municipality.

Climate[edit]

Climate in Los Mochis is semi-arid wet and dry (BSh), bordering on arid (BWh). Summers are extremely hot, reaching 40 °C (104 °F) and overnight lows of 26 °C (79 °F) with very high humidity making the night extremely hot and heat indices may reach 45 °C (113 °F) in the day. Winters are very warm, reaching 30 °C (86 °F) in the day, even though the lowest temperature recorded was 2.5 °C (36 °F) during January 1971. Rainfall concentrates in the summer: it is common to see thunderstorms and even occasionally hurricanes in August and September, but winters are dry with almost no rainfall, though on 29 December 1978 133.4 millimetres (5.25 in) fell. The highest daily rainfall, however, was from a hurricane on 8 October 1985 and totalled 211 millimetres (8.31 in).

Climate data for Los Mochis
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 37.0
(98.6)
41.5
(106.7)
42.5
(108.5)
41.0
(105.8)
40.5
(104.9)
41.5
(106.7)
43.5
(110.3)
43.0
(109.4)
42.5
(108.5)
43.0
(109.4)
40.0
(104)
41.5
(106.7)
43.5
(110.3)
Average high °C (°F) 27.1
(80.8)
28.4
(83.1)
30.6
(87.1)
32.3
(90.1)
34.1
(93.4)
35.1
(95.2)
36.0
(96.8)
35.7
(96.3)
35.4
(95.7)
34.5
(94.1)
30.3
(86.5)
26.9
(80.4)
32.20
(89.96)
Average low °C (°F) 12.8
(55)
13.5
(56.3)
15.1
(59.2)
15.9
(60.6)
18.2
(64.8)
21.3
(70.3)
23.9
(75)
23.8
(74.8)
23.6
(74.5)
20.9
(69.6)
16.5
(61.7)
13.4
(56.1)
18.24
(64.83)
Record low °C (°F) 2.5
(36.5)
6.0
(42.8)
8.5
(47.3)
9.5
(49.1)
9.0
(48.2)
6.5
(43.7)
6.5
(43.7)
8.0
(46.4)
9.0
(48.2)
8.0
(46.4)
8.0
(46.4)
5.5
(41.9)
2.5
(36.5)
Rainfall mm (inches) 13.1
(0.516)
18.6
(0.732)
8.4
(0.331)
1.3
(0.051)
5.9
(0.232)
10.4
(0.409)
43.2
(1.701)
90.0
(3.543)
90.4
(3.559)
33.7
(1.327)
39.3
(1.547)
36.6
(1.441)
390.9
(15.389)
Avg. rainy days 1.7 2.0 1.1 0.5 0.5 1.2 5.6 8.7 5.9 2.4 2.4 2.5 34.5
Source: Servicio Meteorológico National[2]

Sports[edit]

Los Mochis is known for its sports culture and large, high-quality sporting facilities (Ciudades Deportivas) intended to promote participation in sports. It has two large sporting facilities that have running tracks, pools, tennis courts, baseball fields and a soccer stadium with a capacity of 11,000.

The city is home to the Mexican Pacific League's Cañeros de Los Mochis baseball club. The city's soccer team is called the Dorados de Los Mochis, and its basketball team is known as the Pioneros.

Professional boxing[edit]

With many World Champions and undefeated boxers, Los Mochis is considered one of Mexican boxing's best cities for the sport.[3]

Transport[edit]

Passenger Trains[edit]

The interstate rail conglomerate Ferromex, or Ferrocarril de Mexicano, has scheduled service to Chihuahua, Chihuahua in north-central Mexico, an the aforementioned Copper Canyon route. [4]

Historically, the city was on the main north-south route from Nogales to Mexico City. This service ended in the early 2000s.

Notable people[edit]

Sister cities[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.mexperience.co.uk/guide/outdoors/copper_canyon.htm#LosMochis
  2. ^ "NORMALES CLIMATOLÓGICAS 1971-2000". Servicio Meteorológico National. 2012.  Retrieved on January 9, 2012.
  3. ^ "Jorge Arce Will Push To Make First Defense in Los Mochis - Boxing News". Boxingscene.com. Retrieved 2013-03-15. 
  4. ^ Mexlist, "PASSENGER TRAIN INFORMATION" http://www.mexlist.com/pass.htm
  5. ^ "Teodoro Higuera Statistics". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-04-17. 

External links[edit]