Clun Bridge over the River Clun
Clun shown within Shropshire
|Population||642 (2001 Census)|
|OS grid reference|
|Civil parish||Clun and Chapel Lawn|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Post town||CRAVEN ARMS|
|EU Parliament||West Midlands|
Clun // is a small town in south Shropshire, England. The town is located entirely in the Shropshire Hills Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. The 2001 census recorded 642 people living in the town. Research by the Campaign for the Protection of Rural England suggests that Clun is one of the most tranquil locations in England.
|This section needs additional citations for verification. (February 2013)|
Clun takes its name from the river upon which it stands. Deriving from an earlier Colun, it shares its very early British root with the two rivers Colne, in Lancashire and Essex, each of which has a town of the same name on its banks.
Clun grew up around the site of the later Saxon church towards the end of the 7th century AD. However in the surrounding area there was a scattered population at least as early as the Neolithic period, about 5000 years ago. Clun was on the historic drove road where flocks and herds were driven from Wales to the markets in the Midlands and London. At the time of the Norman Conquest Clun formed part of the extensive lands of Eadric The Wild, who led a revolt against King William I, whereon his lands were confiscated and given to Roger de Montgomery who was created Earl of Shrewsbury. Roger in turn granted 27 manors, of which Clun was the largest, to Robert (or "Picot") de Say. These lands constituted a single Marcher Lordship which became known as the Barony of Clun. The present holder of the title is the Duke of Norfolk. The early Lords of Clun had the power to carry out the death penalty, and one William Kempe held his house by the service of carrying to Shrewsbury the heads of felons executed at Clun.
The Normans established a Borough near the castle; the typical grid pattern is still quite clear in High Street, Newport Street, Kidd Lane, Powell's Lane, Ford Street and Hospital Lane. In 1204 King John granted a charter for a three-day fair to be held at Martinmas (11 November) and, at an unknown date, another three-day fair was established commencing on 12 May, the feast of Saints Nereus, Achilles and Pancras. In 1272 there were 183 burgages (or tenures) although the number declined soon after. The medieval lords had a Portmoot to collect market dues, a Halmoot to deal with their Welsh tenants and a Swanmoot to enforce the laws of Clun Forest. The later Manorial Court, together with the Borough Court, occupied a building which stood on the site of the present bowling green. In earlier times there may have been a chapel here, attached to the castle. However in 1780 the 2nd Lord Clive pulled down the old courthouse and used the material towards the building of what is now the Town Hall.
The principal officers were two bailiffs; their silver-mounted maces, dating from the 16th and 17th centuries, are on display in the museum together with the silver armorial seal of the Walcots of Walcot Hall. The Walcots were the Lords of the Manor from the mid-17th century until 1760, when they sold it to Lord Clive of India, whose descendant, the Earl of Powis, is the present Lord.
The 14th-century pack horse bridge that crosses the river connecting Saxon Clun to Norman Clun has given rise to a local saying: "whoever crosses Clun Bridge comes back sharper than he went".
Clun Mill located to the north of the town is nicknamed the "malevolent mill" on account of numerous deaths having been recorded there and occupants disappearing after purchasing it. It was unoccupied for the majority of the 20th century and fell into disrepair. In 1985 it was purchased by the Youth Hostel Association and restored using the original machinery; it also functions as a youth hostel.
The town's name is taken from that of the River Clun (Welsh: Colunwy), which flows from west to east through the settlement. The Clun Valley is dominated by agriculture, though some areas of woodland remain. The River Unk joins the Clun just to the west of the town.
The A488 and B4368 roads cross in the town of Clun. Craven Arms, Bishop's Castle (6 miles (10 km) to the north) and Ludlow are the neighbouring Shropshire towns, and Knighton, which is in Wales, is 7 miles (11 km) to the south. Nearby is Offa's Dyke and the Offa's Dyke Path. Clun Forest is to the west of the town, further upstream of the Rivers Unk and Clun. The Jack Mytton Way passes through the town as does the Shropshire Way and further significant historic routes pass through the area.
The town centre on the north bank of the River Clun lies 185 m above sea level while the oldest part of the settlement, by St George's church on the south bank, is a little more elevated, at 193 m. Between the two, Clun Bridge (181 m above sea level) carries the A488 and B4368 routes across the river.
In addition to Clun Bridge there is also a ford further downstream, at Waterloo, which has recently been made usable to most motor vehicles, and a third crossing point, a footbridge just upstream of Clun Bridge, connects the town's main car park to the castle grounds.
The population of the civil parish of Clun and Chapel Lawn was 1,184 as measured by the 2011 census. The population of the town is considerably less than that of its much wider parish, and is one normally associated with that of a village in modern-day England. It is said that the population of the town is now smaller than it was during the flourishing days of the wool trade in England centuries ago. The town is the smallest town in Shropshire and is smaller than many villages in the county. It is also the only town in Shropshire never to have had a railway line or station.
Attractions in the town include:
- the Norman Clun Castle, now only a ruin but with grounds which are used for the May fair
- the fifteenth century Clun Bridge (basically a packhorse bridge), most of which is still the original stone despite being a road bridge today used by all vehicles
- Trinity Hospital, almshouses built in 1614, on Hospital Lane
- a museum in the Town Hall, on the corner of The Square and High Street
The main church in the town is St George's Church, which is situated on the steep rise out of the town ("Church Street") to the south of Clun Bridge.
The main streets in the town are Enfield Street, The Square, High Street, Ford Street, Bridge Street and Church Street. Along these streets are a number of shops, including two butchers, antique & collectables shops, a hair salon, a convenience store and a newsagent. There is also a post office (now within the convenience store) and two tea rooms. On the Craven Arms Road there are a number of businesses (mostly at "The Green Industrial Estate"), including "Clun Garage" (motor sales, repairs and fuel), as well as the local fire station.
There were three pubs in the town until recently - the Sun Inn, the White Horse Inn, and the Buffalo Head Hotel ("the Buffalo"). However, the Buffalo has been closed since about 2004, but has not yet been converted into another use.
The town has a primary school ("St George's"), two community centres (the "Memorial Hall" in the north, and the "Hightown Community Room" in the south) and there is also a Youth Hostel at Clun Mill, just to the north of the town.
There is a short stay car park on the B4368 Newcastle Road, near Clun Bridge, where there are public toilets, although walkers and tourists are encouraged to use the longer stay Memorial Hall car park.
Over the three days of the first May bank holiday every year, the Green Man festival is held. On the bank holiday Monday the Green Man enters Clun to battle the spirit of winter at Clun Bridge and a May fair is held in the grounds of Clun Castle with a May Queen.
The first Saturday in August every year sees the Clun Carnival take place with a procession through the town's streets and a fete at the playing fields to the north of the town.
Related uses of the name
Clun is also a term used sometimes for the extreme southwest part of the county of Shropshire. Shropshire Council has an electoral division called Clun which covers Clun and the surrounding parishes. From the 2009 elections this electoral division continued to exist, though became slightly smaller. The electoral division returns one councillor to the council. The term "Clun Valley" is also used for the villages and communities along the River Clun - such as Anchor, Newcastle and Aston on Clun.
- John Osborne, playwright, lived near Clun and is buried at St. George's Church and his tombstone is located to the right of the main building entrance
- Duke of Norfolk is Baron of Clun
- Earl of Powis is the Lord of the Manor
- Bruce Bairnsfather, war cartoonist, creator of the "Old Bill" cartoons, resided at Cresswell House in Clun during part of WWII. At this time he was contributing to the American Forces newspaper "Stars & Stripes"
- Sir Robert Howard inherited Clun Castle in 1626 from his brother and has a memorial in the church
- William Baker former Tottenham Hotspur Manager
- In Douglas Adams' book The Meaning of Liff, Clun is listed as "a leg that has gone to sleep that you have to drag around behind you".
- In Susanna Clarke's book Jonathan strange & Mr. Norrell, Clun is the hometown of Jonathan Strange where he presumably maintained a household throughout the events of the book, as it disappears in the end with all other current residences of his and Gilbert Norrell.
- E. M. Forster visited Clun, which subsequently featured as Oniton in his novel Howards End (1910).
- Sir Walter Scott is believed to have stayed in The Buffalo Inn while writing The Betrothed and The Talisman, published jointly as Tales of The Crusaders in 1825. Clun Castle is supposed to have inspired Scott's Garde Doleureuse in that work.
- Malcolm Saville wrote a series of books about a group of children who solve mysteries and have adventures (The Lone Pine Club) either in Clun or in places close to the town.
||Cefn Einion, Mainstone||Colebatch
Shrewsbury (county town)
|Whitcott Keysett, Newcastle, Bettws-y-crwyn, Anchor||Clunton, Clunbury, Purslow, Aston on Clun
|Llanfair Waterdine, Knucklas||New Invention
|Bucknell, Bedstone, Leintwardine|
- Campaign for the Protection of Rural England. "Tranquillity map: Shropshire". Retrieved 19 July 2009.
- Oxford Dictionary of English Place Names
- "Clun". Key to English Place-names. English Place Name Society at the University of Nottingham. Retrieved 18 Aug 2013.
- National Statistics Clun parish population density area in 2011
- "The Sun Inn". Retrieved 11 March 2008.
- "The White Horse Inn". Retrieved 13 August 2008.
- Clun Green Man Festival website
- "Clun Valley Beer Festival". Retrieved 13 August 2008.
- H. M. Chichester, ‘Howard, Sir Robert (1584/5–1653)’, rev. Sean Kelsey, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004 accessed 14 May 2010
- Clun Town Council
- Shropshire Tourism (the official tourism website for Shropshire)
- Official Local Clun Site
- English Heritage Clun: a castle town
- Clun and South Shropshire for tourists
- Clun Green Man Festival
- History of Clun
- Photographs of Clun on Shropshire Gallery