Cockeysville, Maryland

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Cockeysville, Maryland
Census-designated place
Cockeysville, Maryland as seen from the air
Cockeysville, Maryland as seen from the air
Location of Cockeysville, Maryland
Location of Cockeysville, Maryland
Coordinates: 39°28′24″N 76°37′36″W / 39.47333°N 76.62667°W / 39.47333; -76.62667Coordinates: 39°28′24″N 76°37′36″W / 39.47333°N 76.62667°W / 39.47333; -76.62667
Country United States
State  Maryland
County Baltimore
Area
 • Total 11.5 sq mi (29.9 km2)
 • Land 11.4 sq mi (29.5 km2)
 • Water 0.2 sq mi (0.4 km2)
Elevation 308 ft (94 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 20,776
 • Density 1,800/sq mi (690/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 21030, 21031, 21065
Area code(s) 410, 443
FIPS code 24-18250
GNIS feature ID 0589994

Cockeysville is a census-designated place (CDP) in Baltimore County, Maryland, United States. The population was 20,776 at the 2010 census.[1]

History[edit]

Cockeysville was named after the Cockey family who helped establish the town. Thomas Cockey (1676–1737) settled in Limestone Valley in 1725 at Taylor's Hall (an area now just north of Padonia Road and east of Interstate 83). Joshua Frederick Cockey (1765–1821) built one of the first homes in the area in 1798 and built the first commercial structure, a hotel, in 1810 in what would become the village of Cockeysville. His son, Judge Joshua F. Cockey (1800–1891), was a lifelong resident in the village and built the train station (what would be part of the Pennsylvania Railroad) and accompanying commercial buildings in the 1830s.

Cockeysville was the scene of some Civil War activity. Confederate soldiers pushed into the Baltimore area, intending to cut off the city and Washington from the north. On July 10, 1864, Confederate cavalry under General Bradley T. Johnson entered Cockeysville, destroying telegraph lines and track along the Northern Central Railway. They also burned the first bridge over the Gunpowder Falls, just beyond nearby Ashland.

After the war, Joshua F. Cockey III (1837–1920) founded the National Bank of Cockeysville (1891) and other commercial ventures in the community, as well as developing dwellings along the York Turnpike (now York Road) that made up the village of Cockeysville.

Stone Hall was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1973.[2] Baltimore County School No. 7 was listed in 2000.[2]

Local institutions[edit]

Cockeysville is home to the Baltimore County Public Library: Cockeysville Branch.

Schools[edit]

Grand Lodge[edit]

The Grand Lodge of Maryland, Ancient, Free, and Accepted Masons,[3] is located in Cockeysville on a 250-acre (1.0 km2) campus. It includes a castle-like structure known as Bonnie Blink ("Beautiful View" in Scots), which is the retirement home for Master Masons, Eastern Star ladies and eligible family members. Located throughout the Grand Lodge are detailed, hand-laid tile storyboards depicting Masonic themes. Adjacent to the Grand Lodge building is the Freemason's Hall, containing the Maryland Grand Lodge Museum. The museum has the desk that George Washington resigned his commission on, prior to becoming President, a rare Latin Bible from 1482, and some jewels and regalia of Maryland's past Grand Masters.

Commerce and industry[edit]

A quarry, dating back to the 19th century, produces limestone and marble, including some of the marble used in the construction of the Washington Monument. The whiter portion towards the bottom half of the monument originated from this quarry, but since construction was halted when money ran low, the monument had to be finished using a cheaper, different-colored stone.

Phase one (1848 to 1858) of construction continued up to the 152-foot (46 m) level, under the direction of Superintendent William Daugherty. The exterior featured white marble from Texas, Maryland, as well as four rows of it from Sheffield, Massachusetts. In phase two (1878 to 1888), with work completed by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, commanded by Lt. Col. Thomas L. Casey, white marble for the exterior was used from a different Cockeysville quarry.

The local marble was also used in 1836 to form the track bed of the Padonia Road section of the Baltimore and Susquehanna Railroad (which later became part of the Northern Central Railway); the use of marble instead of wood was an experiment that was soon after abandoned.[4]

Geography[edit]

Cockeysville is located at 39°28′24″N 76°37′36″W / 39.47333°N 76.62667°W / 39.47333; -76.62667 (39.473273, -76.626703),[5] north of the Baltimore Beltway (Interstate 695) along Interstate 83 and York Road. It is bordered on the east by Loch Raven Reservoir, on the south by Timonium, and on the west by rural Baltimore County. Most commercial activity is concentrated along York Road.[citation needed]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 11.5 square miles (29.9 km2), of which 11.4 square miles (29.5 km2) is land and 0.15 square miles (0.4 km2) of it (1.21%) is water.[6]

Climate[edit]

Cockeysville lies in the northern periphery of the humid subtropical climate zone. Summers are hot and very humid, with frequent afternoon thunderstorms, and last from April through November. July is the warmest month, with an average temperature of 75.5 °F (24.2 °C). Spring and fall are brief and very pleasant. Winters vary from mild to chilly, with lighter rain showers of longer duration and occasional snowfall. January is the coldest month, with an average temperature of 33.5 °F (0.8 °C). Rainfall is abundant and evenly spread throughout the year, with each month averaging around 4 inches of precipitation. Due to the town's location in the piedmont region, temperatures are generally lower than in the city of Baltimore.


Climate data for Cockeysville, MD
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 76
(24)
82
(28)
94
(34)
97
(36)
98
(37)
102
(39)
106
(41)
103
(39)
100
(38)
96
(36)
84
(29)
83
(28)
106
(41)
Average high °F (°C) 40
(4)
45
(7)
56
(13)
64
(18)
75
(24)
83
(28)
88
(31)
85
(29)
80
(27)
68
(20)
58
(14)
45
(7)
65.6
(18.5)
Average low °F (°C) 27
(−3)
30
(−1)
36
(2)
46
(8)
56
(13)
64
(18)
69
(21)
68
(20)
62
(17)
50
(10)
41
(5)
31
(−1)
48.3
(9.1)
Record low °F (°C) −4
(−20)
−7
(−22)
11
(−12)
15
(−9)
32
(0)
46
(8)
54
(12)
52
(11)
40
(4)
30
(−1)
12
(−11)
−2
(−19)
−7
(−22)
Precipitation inches (mm) 3.05
(77.5)
2.90
(73.7)
3.90
(99.1)
3.19
(81)
3.99
(101.3)
3.46
(87.9)
4.07
(103.4)
3.29
(83.6)
4.03
(102.4)
3.33
(84.6)
3.30
(83.8)
3.37
(85.6)
41.88
(1,063.9)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 10.8 9.3 10.4 10.2 11.5 10.0 10.0 9.1 8.4 8.2 8.9 9.7 116.5
Mean monthly sunshine hours 155.0 166.7 213.9 231.0 254.2 276.0 291.4 263.5 222.0 204.6 159.0 145.7 2,583
Source: NOAA,[7] HKO[8] idcide,[9] intellicast,[10] The Weather Channel[11]

Transportation[edit]

Roads[edit]

Public transportation[edit]

The Maryland Transit Administration's Light Rail line runs through Cockeysville. The Warren Road stop is the stop in the area.

Bus Route 9 operates along York and some other roads in the area.

Northern Central Railway[edit]

The area used to be served by the Northern Central Railway; south of Cockeysville the Baltimore Light Rail uses the corridor established by the predecessors of that Railway; the corridor north is now the Northern Central Railroad Trail.

President Abraham Lincoln traveled through Cockeysville on the Northern Central Railway en route to Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, to deliver the Gettysburg Address in 1863. Less than two years later, on April 21, 1865, Lincoln's funeral train also passed through Cockeysville on its way from Washington, D.C., to his final resting place at Springfield, Illinois.[12][13]

Demographics[edit]

2010[edit]

Population by Race in Cockeysville Maryland (2010)
Race Population  % of Total
Total 20,776 100
Caucasian 12,865 61
African American 3,796 18
Asian 2,616 12
Hispanic 1,651 7
Other 792 3
Two or More Races 632 3
[14]

2000[edit]

As of the census[15] of 2000, there were 19,388 people, 9,176 households, and 4,450 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 1,718.4 people per square mile (663.6/km²). There were 9,606 housing units at an average density of 851.4 per square mile (328.8/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 77.97% White, 9.89% Asian, 8.87% African American, 0.29% Native American, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.02% from other races, and 1.94% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.39% of the population.

There were 9,176 households out of which 22.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 35.9% were married couples living together, 9.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 51.5% were non-families. 38.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.10 and the average family size was 2.87.

In the CDP the population was spread out with 18.9% under the age of 18, 13.3% from 18 to 24, 36.5% from 25 to 44, 21.2% from 45 to 64, and 10.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 93.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.8 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $43,681, and the median income for a family was $62,266 (these figures had risen to $60,088 and $92,392 respectively as of a 2007 estimate[16]). Males had a median income of $40,732 versus $32,177 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $29,080. About 4.7% of families and 8.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.1% of those under age 18 and 5.5% of those age 65 or over.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Cockeysville CDP, Maryland". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved February 22, 2012. 
  2. ^ a b "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2008-04-15. 
  3. ^ Grand Lodge of A.F. & A.M. of Maryland official site
  4. ^ Baltimore and Susquehanna Railroad Marble Track Bed from the Historical Marker Database
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  6. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Cockeysville CDP, Maryland". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved February 22, 2012. 
  7. ^ "The New 1981–2010 Climate Normals" (PDF). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. August 2011. Retrieved August 8, 2011. 
  8. ^ "Climatological Normals of Cockeysville, MD". Hong Kong Observatory. Retrieved May 27, 2012. 
  9. ^ "Average Temperatures for Cockeysville, MD". NOAA. Retrieved May 27, 2012. 
  10. ^ "Climatological Data for Cockeysville, MD". NOAA. Retrieved May 27, 2012. 
  11. ^ "Monthly Averages for Cockeysville, MD". The Weather Channel. Retrieved May 27, 2012. 
  12. ^ Daniel Carroll Toomey (1997). Baltimore During the Civil War. Toomey Press. p. 170. ISBN 0-9612670-7-0. 
  13. ^ "The Route of Abraham Lincoln's Funeral Train". 
  14. ^ "Cockeysville Maryland Population Statistics". US Census Bureau. Retrieved May 29, 2013. 
  15. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  16. ^ American FactFinder, United States Census Bureau. "Cockeysville CDP, Maryland - Selected Economic Characteristics: 2005-2007". Factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2010-03-28. 

External links[edit]