Catonsville, Maryland

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Catonsville, Maryland
Census-designated place
Location of Catonsville, Maryland
Location of Catonsville, Maryland
Coordinates: 39°16′26″N 76°44′17″W / 39.27389°N 76.73806°W / 39.27389; -76.73806Coordinates: 39°16′26″N 76°44′17″W / 39.27389°N 76.73806°W / 39.27389; -76.73806
Country United States
State  Maryland
County Baltimore
Area
 • Total 14.0 sq mi (36.3 km2)
 • Land 14.0 sq mi (36.3 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 479 ft (146 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 41,567
 • Density 3,000/sq mi (1,100/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 21228, 21229, 21250
Area code(s) 410
FIPS code 24-14125
GNIS feature ID 0583624

Catonsville is a census-designated place (CDP) in Baltimore County, Maryland, United States. The population was 41,567 at the 2010 census.[1] The community lies to the west of Baltimore along the city's border. Catonsville is the home of the University of Maryland, Baltimore County (UMBC), a major public research university with close to 14,000 students.

History[edit]

Europeans were the second group to settle the area now known as Catonsville. It is generally believed by historians that native tribes, known as the Piscataway, established villages here before the European colonists arrived. This tribe occupied the land between the Potomac River and Chesapeake Bay and up the Patapsco River. Catonsville was located along the Piscataway Trail. The colonists and the tribes got along until the mid-17th century, when the English government ended the practices of Catholic missionaries in the area. It is believed that the tribes were driven from their villages and some were hunted by slave catchers. As happened in many areas of early colonial America, diseases unknown to the tribes were spread by the colonists. Eventually, the tribes moved north under the protection of the Iroquois.

With most of the natives scattered, the colonists expanded across Maryland. Present-day Catonsville was settled in the 18th century. In the early 19th century, a county road along the Patapsco River—named the Frederick Turnpike, later designated Route 144—was opened by the Ellicott family to serve traffic between their flour mill, Ellicott Mills, and Baltimore. Catonsville as we know it today was settled along this route by Richard Caton, under the authority of his father-in-law Charles Carroll, a signer of the Declaration of Independence. Travelers along "the turnpike" (as it was then known) rested and conducted business in the area, causing Catonsville to grow.

The large Victorian and Colonial homes located in Catonsville were built by wealthy Baltimoreans. Originally, these communities were used as summer residences to escape the heat in Baltimore. Eventually, as in many communities with the introduction of the automobile and electric trolley, families began to reside in Catonsville year round. Baltimore attempted over the years to annex Catonsville, the last attempt in 1918, but all attempts were rebuffed. The community remains an unincorporated town in Baltimore County. It is home to Spring Grove Hospital Center, the nation's second oldest continuously operating psychiatric hospital.

Samuel Clemens (Mark Twain) made his last public appearance on June 9, 1909, at the commencement ceremony of St. Timothy's School for Girls in Catonsville, to fulfill a promise he made to a young girl he had met on the steamer Minnehaha in 1907.

Catonsville was briefly made quite famous during the 1968 protest by the "Catonsville Nine", during which draft records were burned by Catholic anti-war activists.

In 2002, the Maryland legislature issued a proclamation declaring Catonsville to be "Music City, Maryland", because of the concentration of musical retail stores, venues and educational facilities in the area.

In 2007 Money magazine ranked Catonsville the 49th best place to live in the USA, third best in Maryland and Virginia.

Geography[edit]

Catonsville is located at 39°16′26″N 76°44′17″W / 39.27389°N 76.73806°W / 39.27389; -76.73806 (39.273756, −76.738012).[2] According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 14.0 square miles (36 km2), all of it land.

It is centered along Frederick Road (Maryland Route 144), formerly the main road from Baltimore leading to points west. Johnnycake Road and Academy Road form the northern and northeastern borders of Catonsville. Catonsville is bordered by Woodlawn to the north, Baltimore to the east, by Arbutus to the southeast, by Ilchester to the southwest, and by Ellicott City to the west.

Catonsville is a terminus of the Trolley Line Number 9 Trail.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1960 37,872
1970 54,812 44.7%
1980 33,208 −39.4%
1990 35,233 6.1%
2000 39,820 13.0%
2010 41,567 4.4%
source:[1][3]

In 2010 Catonsville had a population of 41,567. The ethnic and racial composition of the population was 73.4% non-Hispanic white, 14.3% non-Hispanic black, 0.3% Native American, 6.3% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.2% non-Hispanic from some other race, 2.4% from two or more races and 3.4% Hispanic or Latino from any race.[4]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 39,820 people, 15,503 households, and 9,255 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 2,843.9 people per square mile (1,098.2/km²). There were 16,054 housing units at an average density of 1,146.6 per square mile (442.7/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 82.28% White, 11.83% African American, 0.22% Native American, 3.61% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.59% from other races, and 1.43% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.87% of the population.

There were 15,503 households out of which 25.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.7% were married couples living together, 9.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.3% were non-families. 33.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the CDP the population was spread out with 19.9% under the age of 18, 12.0% from 18 to 24, 27.2% from 25 to 44, 20.7% from 45 to 64, and 20.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 86.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.9 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $53,061, and the median income for a family was $67,005. Males had a median income of $44,705 versus $33,420 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $25,254. About 2.8% of families and 4.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.3% of those under age 18 and 4.1% of those age 65 or over. The medium house value for the CDP was $141,300 in the 2000.

Education[edit]

Primary and secondary education[edit]

Public schools[edit]

President Bush plays with children in a jungle gym at the Emily Harris Head Start Center in Catonsville.

Residents are zoned to schools in the Baltimore County Public Schools. Catonsville High School, Woodlawn Senior High School (center for science and pre engineering),and Western School of Technology and Environmental Science, formerly Western Vocational Technical Center, serve the area.

Private schools[edit]

  • Mount de Sales Academy is a Catholic all-girls high school in Catonsville.
  • Saint Mark School and Parish can be found in Catonsville on Melvin Avenue, just off of Frederick Road.

Higher education[edit]

  • The University of Maryland, Baltimore County (UMBC) is located in Catonsville. Once a quiet bedroom community outside Baltimore, Catonsville is undergoing a renaissance, thanks in large part to UMBC, which has transformed itself from a commuter school into a dynamic research center. (In 2006, the school received $85 million in research funds, up from $10 million in 1990). In the process, the area has attracted a number of high-tech firms - and the jobs that come with.[citation needed]
  • The Community College of Baltimore County, formerly known as Catonsville Community College, has a campus in Catonsville across the street from Catonsville High School.

Independence Day celebration[edit]

Since 1947, Catonsville has celebrated Independence Day with children's games in the morning, a parade in the afternoon, and a fireworks display at night.[6] The children's games include a decorated bike contest, lollipop scramble, ball on spoon race, leapfrog, wheelbarrow and sack races, and a water balloon toss.[7] The parade travels down Frederick Road and is attended by over 60,000 people each year. Residents reserve prime viewing locations by placing their folding chairs along the parade route a week or two in advance of the celebration.[8] The parade contains floats from politicians, local businesses, schools and churches along with marching bands, including Baltimore's Marching Ravens.

The fireworks display takes place on the grounds of Catonsville High School in the evening. Residents either walk to the high school or gather at other locations (such as UMBC) to watch the show.

Natives and residents of note[edit]

  • Charles S. Roberts, known as "The Father of Wargaming"
  • James Cardinal Stafford, an American cardinal of the Catholic Church who served as Major Penitentiary of the Apostolic Penitentiary, President of the Pontifical Council for the Laity, Archbishop of Denver, Bishop of Memphis, and Auxiliary Bishop of Baltimore

Arts and media[edit]

Music[edit]

Sports[edit]

Professional sports teams[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Catonsville CDP, Maryland". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved February 22, 2012. 
  2. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  3. ^ "CENSUS OF POPULATION AND HOUSING (1790-2000)". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2010-07-17. 
  4. ^ 2010 general population and housing profile of Catonsville from the US Census
  5. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "Catonsville July 4th Celebration History". 2011. 
  7. ^ "Catonsville July 4th Celebration Kids’ Games | Catonsville, Maryland 21228". Catonsvillecelebrations.org. Retrieved 2012-01-29. 
  8. ^ "Catonsville July 4th Celebration The Chair Thing". 2011. 
  9. ^ Yockel, Michael. "Pen Is Mightier". Baltimore. Retrieved 17 April 2014. 

External links[edit]