Comic Relief USA
|Tax ID No.||501(c)(3) non-profit|
|Key people||Bob Zmuda and hosts Billy Crystal, Whoopi Goldberg, and Robin Williams|
|Area served||United States and occasionally other parts of the world|
|Focus(es)||Food, housing, health care, and other assistance for the homeless|
|Mission||Raising money to combat homelessness|
|Revenue||Donations from Americans|
|Motto||"Where there's laughter, there's hope."; "Comic relief: It's no joke."|
Comic Relief, Inc. is a non-profit charity organization whose mission is to raise funds to help those in need—particularly America's homeless. It has raised and distributed nearly US$50 million toward providing assistance—including health care services—to homeless people throughout the United States. Although Comic Relief's charity work is continuous, its actual events are held and televised at irregular intervals—and primarily by Home Box Office (HBO), with comedians Robin Williams, Billy Crystal, and Whoopi Goldberg as the hosts each time. They—along with many other comedians, celebrities, and occasional politicians—perform various segments—both general-purpose and specific to homelessness—of standup comedy, sketch comedy, speeches, live music, and impressions of persons and characters—all in order to entertain and enlighten. There are also documentary segments dealing with real-life problems of homeless people, in order to raise awareness of not only the grim realities but also how many hard-working "ordinary" people can wind up or grow up homeless. In exchange for contributions exceeding certain key amounts, T-shirts, sweatshirts and other merchandise are typically for sale.
Based on the Comic Relief charity in the United Kingdom and dedicated to the memory of comedian Andy Kaufman, the American organization was created in 1986 by comedy writer, producer, and actor Bob Zmuda. He worked with HBO executive Chris Albrecht to found the US version in 1986.
Robin Williams, Billy Crystal, and Whoopi Goldberg were chosen to co-host Comic Relief's four-plus-hour maiden fundraiser. Other comics involved included Michael Keaton, Richard Dreyfuss, and Penny Marshall, as well as Bob Goldthwait, Howie Mandel, Minnie Pearl, and George Carlin. The first show netted US$2.5 million. According to the organization's website, more than $50 million has been raised since.
Chronology of events
|Year||Event (see "Notes" below)||Televised By||Description/Highlights|
|1986||Comic Relief||HBO||Debut event, 29 March. Featured Mary Gross as Dr. Ruth Westheimer; Jon Lovitz as Tommy Flanagan, The Pathological Liar; Sid Caesar as Ludwig von Knowitall; Robin Williams as William F. Buckley, Jr., commenting on the effects of "trickle-down economics" on the homeless; George Carlin describing a house as "a place for your stuff."|
|1987||Comic Relief '87||HBO||Featured Elayne Boosler on surrogacy and the Vatican; Dudley Moore as a one-legged man auditioning to play Tarzan; Penn and Teller doing card tricks and "cat tricks"; "men on the street" describing the Olympics; a song on the "Black Monday" stock-market crash, in parody of "Swing Low, Sweet Chariot".|
|1989||Comic Relief III||HBO||Debuted the song "Mr. President"—written by Joe Sterling, Ray Reach and Mike Loveless, and sung by Al Jarreau and Natalie Cole. Featured Jim Varney as Ernest P. Worrell; Catherine O'Hara smoking between bites of food and drink; Arsenio Hall on women with plastic surgery; Woody Harrelson talking to an "audience member" (Shelly Long) who, when asked if she wached "Cheers", said, "Not that much."|
|1990||Comic Relief '90||HBO||Featured Joan Rivers on exercise and swimmers; Dana Carvey doing his "Lady I Know/She's Choppin' Broccoli" song from Saturday Night Live; Steven Wright asking, "What's the youngest you can die of old age?"|
|1991||A Comedy Salute to Michael Jordan *||NBC||In honor of basketball player Michael Jordan.|
|1992||Hurricane Relief *||Showtime||9-hour marathon event to bring relief to areas of Florida, Louisiana, and Hawaii in the wake of Hurricane Andrew's devastation. Featured singer Gloria Estefan singing The Isley Brothers' "Shout", backed up by a choir.|
|1992||Comic Relief V||HBO||Featured Rosie O'Donnell on aerobics; Don Rickles describing the cause as "to find you [ Whoopi Goldberg ] work"; Bobcat Goldthwait juicing vegetables and squid; a clip of Bob Einstein as Super Dave Osborne, playing piano on a bus; Billy Crystal telling Robin Williams to "do your 'dick stuff'"; George Foreman in a pie-eating contest with Billy and Robin; Jim Carrey on drinking and cops.|
|1993||Baseball Relief *||Fox||Featured comedians and baseball players.|
|1994||Comic Relief VI||HBO||Featured appearance by a representative of Housing and Urban Development from the Bill Clinton administration; Alan King talks about getting old; Brett Butler on Rush Limbaugh and "Schindler's List"; Billy and Robin doing a duet on sex in old age; cast of Star Trek: The Next Generation playing the Enterprise crew—"researching" Comic Relief, and comparing "Hoo-pye Goldberg" to Guinan (a character who was played by Whoopi); Dave Chappelle on terrorists and the apparent lack of "black hostages"; Robin on John and Lorena Bobbitt; Paul Rodriguez on the 1992 Los Angeles riots; Bill Maher on America's culture of victimhood; Paula Poundstone on her adopted son; Marga Gomez on her culture and Spanish soap operas.|
|1995||Comic Relief VII||HBO||Featured Margaret Cho on racism; Paula Poundstone on politics; Chris Rock on white people and Colin Powell; Fran Drescher on Princess Diana; Jon Stewart getting "beat up" by kids at Universal Studios; Queen Latifah singing "in the house for Comic Relief", asking people to buy Comic Relief T-shirts; a "Blues Brothers" song, sung by John Goodman, Dan Aykroyd, and Jim Belushi.|
|1996||American Comedy Festival *||ABC||Comic Relief's 10th anniversary. Featured Gilbert Godfried playing a "dirty dummy" with David Brenner as "ventriloquist".|
|1998||Comic Relief 8||HBO||Featured Chris Rock on "picking up women at a pro-choice rally" and the Clinton impeachment; A celebration of Milton Berle as he approaches his 90th birthday; Kathy Griffin comparing a Jerry Springer talk show tape to a profane "Music Man" outtake (with "Pick-A-Little, Talk-A-Little" becoming "Fuck-A-Little, Cunt-A-Little").|
|2006||Comic Relief 2006 *||HBO, TBS||Fundraiser for those affected by Hurricane Katrina—held at Caeser's Palace, Las Vegas, Nevada, on 18 November. Comic Relief's 20th anniversary. Featured Billy, Whoopi, and Robin doing a parody of "When the Saints Go Marching In"; Ray Romano on being able to curse after "9 years of Everybody Loves Raymond"; Rosie O'Donnell on Barbra Streisand; Bill Maher envisioning Vegas' losers "joining the ranks of the homeless shortly"; Bob Zmuda talking about the slowness of home-rebuilding efforts—and Comic Relief's work on behalf of rescuing pets and animals; Jon Stewart and Stephen Colbert doing their "The Daily Show" and "Colbert Report" bits on Katrina; Bill Clinton thanking Comic Relief on behalf of his Katrina efforts with George H. W. Bush; Entourage's Kevin Conolly, Kevin Dillon, Jerry Ferrara, Adrian Grenier, & Jeremy Piven cursing and donating money into a "curse jar"; D. L. Hughley on general politics, race, and cops; Lewis Black on government's alleged sharp attention to nuclear weapons abroad but not to the domestic hurricane; Fred Willard with "Pussycat" (Catherine O'Hara) and "Fur" (Jennifer Coolidge), promoting Comic Relief T-shirts; Roseanne Barr on being on stage with "other big former stars" and "Kirstie Alley's yard sale."|
|2007[when?]||Comic Relief WILD: The Concert for Animals *||HBO, TBS, CNN (TV); AOL, MTV (On-line)||Worldwide event to combat animal habitat destruction.|
|2008||Comic Relief: The Greatest...And the Latest *||(DVD)||Two-disc video compilation—featuring Comic Relief's greatest material and most recent material, up to 2006. Disc 1 ("The Greatest") features Comic Relief to Comic Relief 8 (1986–1998); disc 2 ("The Latest") features Comic Relief 2006.|
|2010||Comic Relief 2010||HBO||Featured Benefit Album and Katrina Orchestra—"The return of Tony Clifton and his Katrina Kiss-My-Ass Orchestra with a bevy of beauties."|
- * indicates a special event, or a compilation.
- Italics indicates a formal Comic Relief show.
- There has also been an A&E Network series, The Best of Comic Relief.
Generally, HBO and other sponsors pick up all (or most) of the costs of Comic Relief events, so that every (or nearly every) penny raised or contributed goes to the cause. Also, the hosts and other performers of Comic Relief events often get involved personally in projects run or supported by the charity.
- In Denver, Colorado, Paul Rodriguez helped open a medical facility made possible by Comic Relief funds; a woman holding a baby approached him, saying, "If it wasn't for Comic Relief, this child wouldn't have been born."
- In Chicago, Illinois, Bob Zmuda went to the Firehouse Annex of Chicago, Illinois—a home for alcoholic and battered women—and learned how, using Comic Relief funds, they were able to "take in a violent, alcoholic woman, slowly give her responsibilities and self-esteem, until she cleaned up and got a regular job."
Health Care for the Homeless (HCH)
Comic Relief distributes most of its funds raised to Health Care for the Homeless, which has project sites in 85 cities. This network of providers "was originally selected for start-up funding by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation and the Pew Memorial Trust" after a year of review and assessment in 1985, was "co-sponsored by the U.S. Conference of Mayors", and works annually in all 50 states with thousands of homeless children.
HCH projects are created and run by their 104 organizational members in local communities. Since 1 July 2008, 202 HCH guarantees of the federal government’s Health Resources and Services Administration have been providing social services to "more than 740,000 clients" every year, combining HRSA funding with other revenue to provide a wide array of services. Comic Relief board member Dr. Pedro Jose "Joe" Greer, Jr. was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 2009 by President Barack Obama, on account of his "lifelong efforts to improve medical services for the homeless and uninsured."
Comic Relief has been expanding its reach to non-human homelessness as well.
Pets and Hurricane Katrina
Comic Relief Wild: The Concert For Animals
- Comic Relief, Inc. Website: http://comicrelief.org
- Comic Relief: The Best of Comedy for the Best of Causes. 1996.
- Comic Relief: The Best of Comedy for the Best of Causes, edited by Todd Gold, 1995; Library of Congress Catalog Card Number: 96-22851; ISBN 0-380-97391-X
- Unless otherwise credited, material covered in the "Description/Highlights" column of the chronology is from the 2-DVD box set, "Comic Relief: The Greatest...And The Latest"
- "Miami Spells Hurricane Relief G-L-O-R-I-A", http://www.people.com/people/article/0,,20108793,00.html
- "'Comic Relief' Returns to HBO". zap2it.com. 6 September 2006. Retrieved 2 February 2007.
- Of 50,000 pets in New Orleans in the wake of Hurricane Katrina, some 12,000 were saved. One of the rescued pets, "Lassie", was brought out on stage. (The Pet Evacuation and Transportation Standards Act was a result of the New Orleans pet tragedy.)