Joan Rivers

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Joan Rivers
Joan Rivers 2010 - David Shankbone.jpg
Rivers in March 2010
Born Joan Alexandra Molinsky
(1933-06-08) June 8, 1933 (age 81)
Brooklyn, New York City, New York, U.S.
Residence Malibu, California, U.S.
Education Connecticut College
Barnard College
(BA, BS)
Occupation Actress, comedian, writer, producer, television host
Years active 1959–present
Home town Larchmont, Westchester County, New York, U.S.
Television "E!" The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson
That Show with Joan Rivers
The Late Show Starring Joan Rivers
The Joan Rivers Show
Can We Shop?
Fashion Police (host)
Joan & Melissa: Joan Knows Best?
Religion Judaism
Spouse(s) James Sanger (m. 1955; annuled 1955)
Edgar Rosenberg (m. 1965; wid. 1987)
Children Melissa Warburg Rosenberg
Emmy Awards
Outstanding Talk Show Host
1990: The Joan Rivers Show
Website
www.joan.co

Joan Alexandra Molinsky[1] (born June 8, 1933), known by her stage name Joan Rivers, is an American actress, comedian, writer, producer and television host, best known for co-hosting the E! celebrity fashion show Fashion Police and starring in the reality series Joan & Melissa: Joan Knows Best?, alongside her daughter Melissa Rivers.

Rivers first came to prominence in 1965 as a guest on The Tonight Show, the first of the late-night chat programs with interviews and comedy, pioneered by Johnny Carson, whom she acknowledges as her mentor. The show established her particular comic style, poking fun at celebrities, but also at herself, often joking about her extensive plastic surgery. When she launched a rival program, The Late Show, he never spoke to her again. She went on to host a successful daytime slot, The Joan Rivers Show, which won her a Daytime Emmy for Outstanding Talk Show Host. However, her insulting style when discussing sensitive or personal matters has sometimes been criticized as controversial by the media. She is also the author of 12 best-selling memoir and humor books, as well as providing comic material for stage and television.

She currently hosts and produces her online weekly talk show on YouTube called In Bed with Joan, and resides in Malibu, California, with her daughter and grandson.

Early life

Rivers was born Joan Alexandra Molinsky in Brooklyn, New York, in 1933,[2] the daughter of Russian Jewish immigrants Beatrice (née Grushman; January 6, 1906 – October 1975) and Meyer C. Molinsky (December 7, 1900 – January 1985). Her older sister Barbara died on June 3, 2013, aged 82.[3][4][5] She was raised in Brooklyn, New York, and her family later moved to Larchmont, in Westchester County, New York. She attended Connecticut College between 1950 and 1952 and graduated Phi Beta Kappa from Barnard College in 1954 with a Bachelor of Arts degree in English literature[6] and anthropology. Before entering show business, Rivers worked at various jobs such as a tour guide at Rockefeller Center,[7] a writer/proofreader at an advertising agency[7] and as a fashion consultant at Bond Clothing Stores.[8] During this period, agent Tony Rivers advised her to change her name, so she chose Joan Rivers as her stage name.[9]

Career

Early career

Jim Connell, Jake Holmes and Joan Rivers when they worked as the team: "Jim, Jake & Joan"

During the late 1950s, Rivers appeared in a short-run play, Driftwood, playing a lesbian with a crush on a character played by a then-unknown Barbra Streisand. The play ran for six weeks.[10] Rivers performed in numerous comedy clubs in the Greenwich Village area of New York City in the early 1960s, including The Bitter End and The Gaslight Cafe,[11] before making her first appearances as a guest on the TV program The Tonight Show originating from New York, hosted at the time by Jack Paar.[12]

By 1965, Rivers had a stint on Candid Camera as a gag writer and participant; she was "the bait" to lure people into ridiculous situations for the show. She also made her first appearance on The Tonight Show with new host Johnny Carson, on February 17, 1965.[13] During the same decade, Rivers made other appearances on The Tonight Show as well as The Ed Sullivan Show, while hosting the first of several talk shows. She wrote material for the puppet Topo Gigio. She had a brief role in The Swimmer (1968), starring Burt Lancaster. A year later, she had a short-lived syndicated daytime talk show, That Show with Joan Rivers; Johnny Carson was her first guest.[14] In the middle of the 1960s, she released at least two comedy albums, The Next to Last Joan Rivers Album[15] and Rivers Presents Mr. Phyllis & Other Funny Stories.[16]

By the 1970s, Rivers was appearing on various television comedy and variety shows, including The Carol Burnett Show and a semi-regular stint on Hollywood Squares. From 1972 to 1976, she narrated The Adventures of Letterman, an animated segment for The Electric Company. In 1973, Rivers wrote the TV movie The Girl Most Likely to..., a black comedy starring Stockard Channing. In 1978, Rivers wrote and directed the film Rabbit Test, starring her friend Billy Crystal. During the same decade, she was the opening act for singers Helen Reddy, Robert Goulet, Mac Davis and Sergio Franchi on the Las Vegas Strip.

1980s–1990s

Rivers has spoken of her primary Tonight Show life as having been Johnny Carson's daughter, a reference to his longtime mentoring of her and, during the 1980s, establishing her as his regular guest host by August 1983. It was not her only work, however. On April 9, 1983, she hosted Saturday Night Live.[17] In the same period, she released a best-selling comedy album on Geffen Records, What Becomes a Semi-Legend Most? The album reached No. 22 on the U.S. Billboard 200 and was nominated for a Grammy Award for Best Comedy Album.[18]

Rivers in 1967

Also in 1984, Rivers published a best-selling humor book, The Life and Hard Times of Heidi Abramowitz, a mock memoir of her brassy, loose comedy character. A television special based on the character, a mock tribute called Joan Rivers and Friends Salute Heidi Abramowitz, was not successful with the public.

The decade was controversial for Rivers. She sued female impersonator Frank Marino for $5,000,000 in 1986, after discovering he was using her real stand-up material in the impersonation of her that he included in his popular Las Vegas act. The two comics reconciled, even appearing together on television in later years.[19]

Also in 1986 came the move that cost Rivers her longtime friendship with Carson, who had first hired her as a Tonight Show writer. The soon-to-launch Fox Television Network announced that it was giving her a late night talk show, The Late Show Starring Joan Rivers.[20] The new network planned to broadcast the show 11:00 p.m. to 12:00 a.m. Eastern Time, making her a Carson competitor. Carson learned of the show from Fox and not from Rivers herself. In the documentary Johnny Carson: King of Late Night, Rivers said she only called Carson to discuss the matter after learning he may have already heard about it, and that he immediately hung up on her. In the same interview, she said that she later came to believe that maybe she should have asked for his blessing before taking the job. Rivers was banned from appearing on the Tonight Show, a decision respected by Carson's first two successors Jay Leno and Conan O'Brien. After the release of his 2013 biography on Johnny Carson, Carson's manager Harry Bushkin revealed that he never received a call from Rivers's husband Edgar concerning the move to Fox, against Rivers's prior knowledge.[21] Rivers did not appear on the Tonight Show again until February 17, 2014, when she made a brief appearance on new host Jimmy Fallon's first episode.[22] On March 27, 2014, Rivers returned for an interview.

Shortly after Carson's death in 2005, Rivers said that he never spoke to her again. In 2008, during an interview with Dr. Pamela Connolly on television's Shrink Rap, Rivers claimed she did call Carson, but he hung up on her at once and repeated the gesture when she called again.

The Late Show Starring Joan Rivers turned out to be flecked by tragedy. When Rivers challenged Fox executives, who wanted to fire her husband Edgar Rosenberg as the show's producer, the network fired them both. On May 15, 1987, three months later, Rosenberg committed suicide in Philadelphia; Rivers blamed the tragedy on his "humiliation" by Fox.[23] Fox attempted to continue the show with a new name (The Late Show) and rotating guest hosts. A year after the Late Show debacle, Rivers was a guest on TV's Pee-wee's Playhouse Christmas Special. By 1989, she tried another daytime TV talk show, The Joan Rivers Show,[24] which ran for five years and won her an Daytime Emmy in 1990 for Outstanding Talk Show Host.[25] In 1994, Rivers and daughter Melissa first hosted the E! Entertainment Television pre-awards show for the Golden Globe Awards.[26] Beginning in 1995, they hosted the annual E! Entertainment Television pre-awards show for the Academy Awards.[26] Beginning in 1997, Rivers hosted her own radio show on WOR in New York City. Rivers also appeared as one of the center square occupants on the 1986–89 version of The Hollywood Squares, hosted by John Davidson.

In 1994, Rivers—who was influenced by the "dirty comedy" of Lenny Bruce—co-wrote and starred in a play about Bruce's mother Sally Marr, who was also a stand-up comic and influenced her son's development as a comic. After 27 previews, "Sally Marr...and Her Escorts," a play "suggested by the life of Sally Marr" ran on Broadway for 50 performances in May and June 1994.[27] Rivers was nominated for a Drama Desk Award as Outstanding Actress in a Play and a Tony Award for Best Actress in a Play for playing Sally Marr.[28]

2000–present

By 2003, Rivers had left her E! red-carpet show for a three-year contract (valued at $6–8 million) to cover award shows' red carpet events for the TV Guide Channel.[29]

Rivers poses for a photograph at the Pierre Hotel in New York City, May 24, 2001

Rivers appeared in three episodes of the TV show Nip/Tuck during its second, third and seventh season playing herself.[30][31][32] Rivers appears regularly on television's The Shopping Channel (in Canada) and QVC (in both the United States and the UK), promoting her own line of jewelry under brand name "The Joan Rivers Collection". She was also a guest speaker at the opening of the American Operating Room Nurses' 2000 San Francisco Conference. Both Joan and Melissa Rivers are frequent guests on Howard Stern's radio show, and Joan Rivers often appears as a guest on UK panel show 8 Out of 10 Cats.

Rivers was one of only four Americans invited to the Wedding of Charles, Prince of Wales, and Camilla Parker Bowles on April 9, 2005.[33] On August 16, 2007, Rivers began a two-week workshop of her new play, with the working title "The Joan Rivers Theatre Project", at The Magic Theatre in San Francisco.[34] On December 3, 2007, Rivers performed in the Royal Variety Show 2007 at the Liverpool Empire Theatre, England, with Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip present. In January 2008, Rivers became one of 20 hijackers to take control of the Big Brother house in the UK for one day in spin-off TV show Big Brother: Celebrity Hijack. On June 24, 2008, Rivers appeared on NBC-TV’s show Celebrity Family Feud and competed with her daughter, Melissa against Ice-T and Coco.

Rivers performing in her show at the 2008 Edinburgh Festival Fringe

Rivers and daughter Melissa were contestants in 2009 on the second Celebrity Apprentice. Throughout the season, each celebrity raised money for a charity of his or her choice; Rivers selected God's Love We Deliver.[35] After a falling out with poker player Annie Duke, following Melissa's on-air firing (elimination) by Donald Trump, Rivers left the green room telling Clint Black and Jesse James that she would not be in the next morning. Rivers later returned to the show and on May 3, 2009, she became a finalist in the series. The other finalist was Duke.[36][37] On the season finale, which aired live on May 10, Rivers was announced the winner and hired to be the 2009 Celebrity Apprentice.

Rivers was featured on the show Z Rock as herself and was also a special so-called pink-carpet presenter for the 2009 broadcast of the Sydney Gay and Lesbian Mardi Gras parade. She was also roasted in a Comedy Central special, taped on July 26, 2009, and aired on August 9, 2009. From August 2009, Rivers began starring in the new reality TV series How'd You Get So Rich? on TV Land. A documentary film about Rivers, Joan Rivers: A Piece of Work, premiered at the San Francisco International Film Festival at the Castro Theatre on May 6, 2010. In 2011, Rivers appeared in a commercial for Go Daddy, which debuted during the broadcast of Super Bowl XLV.[38] To date, Joan has made two appearances on Live at the Apollo, once as a comedian and once as a guest host.

Rivers performing at a London Udderbelly event in May 2009

Joan and her daughter Melissa Rivers premiered the new show Joan & Melissa: Joan Knows Best? on WE tv. The series follows Joan moving to California to be closer to her family. She moves in with daughter Melissa while searching for a home of her own. WE tv then ordered a new season consisting of 10 episodes, which premiered in January 2012. In 2011, Rivers was featured as herself in Season 2 of Louis C.K.'s self-titled show Louie, where she performed on-stage. Since September 10, 2010, Rivers has co-hosted the E! show Fashion Police, along with Giuliana Rancic, Kelly Osbourne and George Kotsiopoulos commenting on the dos and don'ts of celebrity fashion. The show started as a half-hour program, but expanded to one hour on March 9, 2012. On August 7, 2012, Rivers showed up in Burbank, California to protest that the warehouse-club Costco would not sell her New York Times best-selling book, I Hate Everyone ... Starting with Me. She handcuffed herself to a person's shopping cart and shouted through a megaphone. The police were called to the scene and she left without incident and no arrests were made.[39] On March 5, 2013, Joan launched a new online talk show called In Bed with Joan through YouTube, in which each week she has a different celebrity guest that "comes out of the closet" and they talk about various topics. The show takes place in Joan's bedroom, which is in Melissa's house in Malibu, California.

Criticism

Rivers has been criticized on numerous occasions for making jokes that are either insensitive or about serious matters.

In 2013, she came under heavy criticism for making jokes about Adele's weight. Rivers continued to make jokes about her weight following her Academy Award win for Skyfall.[40] Rivers refused to apologize.[41]

Also in 2013, Rivers had also come under criticism for making jokes about the Holocaust. The Anti-Defamation League called her remarks "vulgar and hideous". Despite the criticism of her joke, Rivers, who is Jewish, refused to apologize, and later stated; "This is the way I remind people about the Holocaust. I do it through humor."[42]

In April 2014, Rivers made a joke about the victims of the Ariel Castro kidnappings. She came under criticism from the lawyers of two of the kidnapping victims. The lawyers demanded that Rivers apologize for her joke.[43] Rivers defended her comments by saying "I know what those girls went through. It was a little stupid joke."[44]

In August 2014, during the Israeli operation in Gaza called Operation Protective Edge, Rivers told a reporter for the TMZ website in video footage that Palestinian civilians "deserve to be dead".[45][46] Following a critical response on Twitter, Rivers later said her comments had been "taken out of context".[47]

Personal life

She is a member of the Reform synagogue Temple Emanu-El in New York. Rivers's first marriage was in 1955 to James Sanger,[48] the son of a Bond Clothing Stores merchandise manager. The marriage lasted six months[49] and was annulled on the basis that Sanger did not want children and had not informed Rivers before the wedding.[50] Her second marriage was on July 15, 1965,[51] to Edgar Rosenberg, who committed suicide in 1987. Their only child, Melissa Warburg Rosenberg (now known as Melissa Rivers), was born on January 20, 1968. She has one grandson, Melissa's son Cooper (born Edgar Cooper Endicott in 2000)[52] who is featured with his mother and grandmother in the WE tv series Joan & Melissa: Joan Knows Best?[53]

In her book, Bouncing Back (1997), she described how she developed bulimia and contemplated suicide. Eventually, she recovered with counseling and the support of her family. In 2002, Rivers told the Montreal Mirror that she was a Republican.[54] However, on a 2013 episode of Celebrity Wife Swap, Rivers stated that she was a Democrat. Then on January 28, 2014, during a conversation with Reza Farahan she announced that she was in fact a Republican.[55]

In a June 5, 2012, interview with Howard Stern, Rivers said she had several extramarital affairs when married to Rosenberg. According to Rivers, she had a one-night sexual encounter with actor Robert Mitchum in the 1960s after an appearance together on The Tonight Show. She also had an extended affair with actor Gabriel Dell during the out-of-town and Broadway productions of her play, Fun City, in 1971, for which Rivers told Stern she "left Edgar over" for several weeks.[56] Rivers is open about her multiple cosmetic surgeries, and has been a patient of plastic surgeon Steven Hoefflin since 1983. Her first procedure, an eye lift, was performed in 1965 as an attempt to further her career.[57]

On August 28, 2014, Rivers experienced serious complications—including stopping breathing—during throat surgery at a clinic in Yorkville[58] on the Upper East Side of Manhattan.[59] She was taken to Mount Sinai Hospital and was put into a medically induced coma after reportedly entering cardiac arrest.[58] On August 29, her daughter, Melissa, publicly stated that she is "resting comfortably" in the hospital.[60]

Books

  • Having a Baby Can Be a Scream. J.P. Tarcher. 1974.  (Self-Help/Humour)
  • The Life and Hard Times of Heidi Abromowitz. Doubleday. 1984. ISBN 978-0385293594.  (Humour)
  • Enter Talking. Dell Publishing Co. 1986. ISBN 978-0440122449.  (Autobiography)
  • Still Talking. Random House. 1991. ISBN 978-0394579917.  (Autobiography)
  • Jewelry by Joan Rivers. Abbeville Press. 1995. ISBN 978-1558598089.  (Non-Fiction)
  • Bouncing Back: I've Survived Everything ... and I Mean Everything ... and You Can Too!. HarperTorch. 1997. ISBN 978-0061096013. 
  • From Mother to Daughter: Thoughts and Advice on Life, Love and Marriage. Birch Lane Pr;. 1998. ISBN 978-1559724937.  (Self-Help)
  • Don't Count the Candles: Just Keep the Fire Lit!. HarperCollins. 1999. ISBN 978-0060183837.  (Self-Help)
  • Murder at the Academy Awards (R): A Red Carpet Murder Mystery. Pocket. 2009. ISBN 1416599371.  (Fiction)
  • Men Are Stupid...And They Like Big Boobs: A Woman's Guide to Beauty Through Plastic Surgery. 2009. ISBN 141659924X.  (Non-Fiction)
  • I Hate Everyone...Starting with Me. Berkley Trade. 2012. ISBN 978-0425255896.  (Humour)
  • Diary of a Mad Diva. Berkley Publishing Group. 2014. ISBN 978-0425269022.  (Humour)

Filmography

Films

Year Title Notes
1965 Once Upon a Coffee House
1968 The Swimmer Movie
1978 Rabbit Test Also director and writer
1981 Uncle Scam
1984 The Muppets Take Manhattan
1987 Les Patterson Saves the World
1987 Spaceballs Voice
1988 Pee-Wee's Playhouse Christmas Special
1989 Look Who's Talking Voice
1993 Public Enemy #2
1994 Serial Mom
1995 Napoleon Voice
1999 Goosed
2000 The Intern
2000 Whispers: An Elephant's Tale Voice
2002 The Making and Meaning of 'We Are Family Documentary
2002 Hip! Edgy! Quirky!
2004 Shrek 2 Voice
2004 First Daughter
2007 The Last Guy on Earth
2010 Joan Rivers: A Piece of Work Documentary; herself
2010 Wall Street: Money Never Sleeps Uncredited
2011 The Smurfs Party Guest
2011 Tower Heist Uncredited
2013 Iron Man 3 Cameo
2014 The Story of the Swimmer The making of The Swimmer

Documentary; herself

Television work

Year Title Notes
1968–69 That Show starring Joan Rivers Syndicated daytime talk show[14]
1972–77 The Electric Company Voice
1973 Here's Lucy
1973 Needles and Pins Guest-starred as Eleanor Karp in episode "The Wife You Save May Be Your Own"
1984 An Audience with Joan Rivers
1986 Joan Rivers: Can We Talk?
1986–87 The Late Show Starring Joan Rivers Host
1988–89 The New Hollywood Squares Hosted by John Davidson, center square
1989–93 The Joan Rivers Show Daytime Emmy Award for Outstanding Talk Show Host
1990 How to Murder a Millionaire Starred along with Morgan Fairchild
1992 Lady Boss
1994 Tears and Laughter: The Joan and Melissa Rivers Story[61]
1995–present Can We Shop?
1997 Another World Cast member
2001 E! True Hollywood Story: Joan Rivers Parody episode of show aired April 1, 2001[62]
2004, 2007 Jack Dee Live at the Apollo Cast member, guest host in 2007
2004 Dave the Barbarian Voice – Zonthara, Emperess of Evil
2004–05, 2010 Nip/Tuck[63]
2004–06 The Joan Rivers Position
2006 An Audience with Joan Rivers
2006–07 8 Out of 10 Cats
2006 Joan Rivers: Before Melissa Pulls the Plug
2006 Dawn French's Girls Who Do Comedy In-depth interview with Dawn French for the BBC
2007 Straight Talk
2008 Shrink Rap With Dr. Pamela Connolly – More4
2008 Celebrity Family Feud
2008 Big Brother: Celebrity Hijack Celebrity Hijacker
2008 Z Rock Aunt Joan
2008 Spaceballs: The Animated Series Voice
2008, 2010 Arthur Voice – Bubby (Francine's Grandmother)
2009 Celebrity Apprentice 2 Herself
2009 How'd You Get So Rich? Herself
2009 The Comedy Central Roast of Joan Rivers Herself
2009 Celebrity Ghost Stories Herself
2010 Celebrity Apprentice 3
2010–present Fashion Police
2011–present Joan & Melissa: Joan Knows Best?
2011 Louie Herself
2011 The Simpsons Voice – Annie Dubinsky (season 23, episode 8 – "The Ten-Per-Cent Solution")
2012 Joan Rivers: Don't Start with Me
2012 Hot in Cleveland Anka
2013–present In Bed with Joan Online talk show

Theater work

Year Show Notes
1972 Fun City An original comedy, co-written with Lester Colodny and Edgar Rosenberg, Morosco Theatre[64]
1988 Broadway Bound By Neil Simon (replacement for Kate, 1988, Broadhurst Theatre)[65]
1994 Sally Marr...and her escorts A play suggested by the life of Lenny Bruce's mother (co-written with Erin Ladd Sanders and Lonny Price), May 1994, Helen Hayes Theatre, Broadway.
2008 Joan Rivers: A Work in Progress by a Life in Progress Geffen Playhouse
2008 Joan Rivers: A Work in Progress by a Life in Progress Edinburgh Festival Fringe
2008 Joan Rivers: A Work in Progress by a Life in Progress Leicester Square Theatre, London
2012 Joan Rivers: The Now or Never Tour October 2012, UK tour
2014 Joan Rivers: Before They Close The Lid Tour October 2014, UK tour

Awards and nominations

Year Nominated work Award Category Result
1984 What Becomes a Semi-Legend Most? Grammy Award Best Comedy Album Nominated
1990 The Joan Rivers Show Daytime Emmy Award Outstanding Talk Show Host Won
1991 Nominated
1992 Outstanding Writing - Special Class Nominated
Outstanding Talk Show Host Nominated
1993 Outstanding Writing - Special Class Nominated
Outstanding Talk Show Host Nominated
1994 Sally Marr...and her escorts Tony Award Best Actress in a Play Nominated
2009 Arthur Daytime Emmy Award Outstanding Performer in an Animated Program Nominated

Note: Emmy nominations for Outstanding Writing - Special Class shared with Toem Perew and Hester Mundis.

Honors

References

  1. ^ Goldman, Shalom. "Joan Rivers". Jewish Women's Archive. Retrieved March 24, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Joan Rivers Biography - Facts, Birthday, Life Story". The Biography Channel. Retrieved June 16, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Barbara Waxler Obituary". legacy.com/. Retrieved July 6, 2013. 
  4. ^ Pfefferman, Naomi (December 27, 2007). "Joan Rivers’ ‘Life’—audacious, as always|Arts In L.A.". Jewish Journal. Retrieved April 29, 2009. 
  5. ^ "Joan Rivers Biography (1933?-)". Filmreference.com. Retrieved April 29, 2009. 
  6. ^ Rivers, Joan (1986). Autobiography: Enter Talking. New York: Delacorte Press, First Printing
  7. ^ a b Autobiography: Bouncing Back (1997), HarperCollins. p. 74-75
  8. ^ Riley, Sam G. (1995) Biographical Dictionary of American Newspaper Columnists, Greenwood Publishing Group, p. 265 ISBN 978-0-313-29192-0.
  9. ^ Sochen, June (1998). "From Sophie Tucker to Barbra Streisand: Jewish Women Entertainers as Reformers". Talking Back: Images of Jewish Women in American Popular Culture. Ed. Joyce Antler. Brandeis series in American Jewish history, culture, and life. Hanover, NH: Brandeis University Press Published by University Press of New England. pp. 68-84.
  10. ^ Enter Talking, p. 85-96 and last photo insert page before p. 183
  11. ^ Enter Talking, p. 230
  12. ^ Enter Talking, p. 233-239
  13. ^ Enter Talking, p. 359-373
  14. ^ a b "The Joan Rivers Show". Imdb.com. Retrieved April 29, 2009. 
  15. ^ "The Next to Last Joan Rivers Album". 
  16. ^ "Joan Rivers Presents Mr. Phyllis & Other Funny Stories". 
  17. ^ "Saturday Night Live". IMDB. April 9, 1983. Retrieved April 29, 2009. 
  18. ^ "Grammy Awards". Metrolyrics.com. February 28, 1984. Retrieved April 29, 2009. 
  19. ^ Frank Marino discusses law suit
  20. ^ King, Norman (1993). Arsenio Hall. New York: William Morrow & Co., pp. 47–48
  21. ^ https://www.mediabistro.com/fishbowlny/joan-rivers-johnny-carson-henry-bushkin-edgar-fox-nbc_b98593
  22. ^ "Joan Rivers Returns To ‘Tonight Show’ After Decades-Long Ban". Variety. February 17, 2014. Retrieved February 19, 2014. 
  23. ^ Joanne Kaufman, Alan Carter, [1] "Rocked by Tragedy and Failure, Joan Rivers Comes Back with a New Show and a New Life", People, February 19, 1990
  24. ^ "The Joan Rivers Show". IMDB. May 25, 2001. Retrieved April 29, 2009. 
  25. ^ TV Guide Guide to TV. Barnes and Noble. 2004. p. 331. ISBN 0-7607-5634-1. 
  26. ^ a b Bouncing Back!, p. 207
  27. ^ Scheck, Frank (May 16, 1994). "`Sally Marr' Ranks High Only With Joan Rivers Fans". Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved December 28, 2013. 
  28. ^ "Awards: Sally Marr...and her escorts". Internet Broadway Database. Retrieved December 28, 2013. 
  29. ^ "Entertainment & the Arts | TV briefs: Rivers duo may leave E! for TV Guide Channel | Seattle Times Newspaper". Community.seattletimes.nwsource.com. June 25, 2004. Retrieved April 29, 2009. 
  30. ^ "Nip/Tuck Episode: "Joan Rivers"". TVGuide.com. Lionsgate. October 5, 2004. Retrieved April 27, 2010. 
  31. ^ "Nip/Tuck Episode: "Ben White"". TVGuide.com. Lionsgate. November 1, 2005. Retrieved April 27, 2010. 
  32. ^ "Nip/Tuck Episode: "Hiro Yoshimura"". TVGuide.com. Lionsgate. March 3, 2010. Retrieved April 27, 2010. 
  33. ^ "A Yankee in the court of Prince Charles". The Sunday Times. June 18, 2006. 
  34. ^ "San Francisco". Magic Theatre. Retrieved April 29, 2009. [dead link]
  35. ^ "Joan Rivers". The Celebrity Apprentice. NBC. Retrieved April 28, 2009. [dead link]
  36. ^ Catlin, Roger (April 27, 2009). "'Celebrity Apprentice': Rivers Run". Hartford Courant. Retrieved April 28, 2009. 
  37. ^ "Rivers defends daughter on 'Celebrity Apprentice'". Associated Press. April 27, 2009. Retrieved April 28, 2009. 
  38. ^ Weiss, Shari (February 7, 2011). "Joan Rivers Go Daddy Super Bowl commerical [sic]: Is that really the 77-year-old comedienne's body?". New York Daily News. Retrieved February 7, 2011. 
  39. ^ Abbey, Jennifer. "Joan Rivers Chains Herself to Costco Shopping Cart in Protest". ABC News. Retrieved August 8, 2012. 
  40. ^ Joan Rivers Calls Adele "Chubby," Says the Singer Should "Lose Weight"
  41. ^ Joan Rivers sticks to 'fat' Adele comments after singer demands apology: 'She should just calm down — or lose weight!'
  42. ^ Joan Rivers not apologizing for Holocaust joke
  43. ^ Ohio women held captive seek Joan Rivers' apology
  44. ^ Joan Rivers Refuses To Apologize For Cleveland Kidnapping Victims Joke
  45. ^ Ella Alexander "Joan Rivers: 'Palestinians deserve to be dead'", The Independent (London), August 8, 2014
  46. ^ "Joan Rivers’ shocking rant: Palestinian civilians 'deserve to be dead'", News.com.au, August 8, 2014
  47. ^ "Joan Rivers Responds To Critics After Controversial Gaza Comments, Including: 'Palestinian Civilians Deserve To Be Dead... They Started It'", The Huffington Post, August 8, 2014
  48. ^ Enter Talking, p. 67-71
  49. ^ Enter Talking, fourth page of photo inserts between p. 182-183
  50. ^ Enter Talking, p. 70
  51. ^ Enter Talking epilogue, p. 375
  52. ^ Fink, Mitchell (December 2, 2000). "Stars To Swell Cathedral For Mottola Wedding". New York Daily News (Articles.nydailynews.com). Retrieved November 25, 2011. 
  53. ^ "Joan Rivers is a nice person – really". The Miami Herald. June 24, 2010.
  54. ^ Hays, Matthew (2002). "Can she talk". Montreal Mirror. Archived from the original on November 16, 2002. Retrieved May 18, 2010. 
  55. ^ Rivers, Joan. "In Bed With Joan". 
  56. ^ ["Joan Rivers on Howard Stern (6/5/12)"]. Sirius Radio. June 5, 2012.
  57. ^ Kron, Joan (July 2005). "Nip/Talk". Allure (Condé Nast). Retrieved January 11, 2011. 
  58. ^ a b "Joan Rivers 'resting comfortably' after health scare". BBC News. Retrieved 29 August 2014. 
  59. ^ "Joan Rivers In Medically-Induced Coma After Going Into Cardiac Arrest". CBS Local. CBS News. Retrieved 29 August 2014. 
  60. ^ D'Zurilla, Christie (August 28, 2014). "Joan Rivers is 'resting comfortably' in hospital, Melissa Rivers says". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved August 29, 2014. 
  61. ^ "Tears and Laughter: The Joan and Melissa Rivers Story". Imdb.com. Retrieved April 29, 2009. 
  62. ^ "E! True Hollywood Story: Joan Rivers". Imdb.com. Retrieved April 29, 2009. 
  63. ^ "''Season 2 Episode 16''". Tv.com. September 8, 2007. Retrieved April 29, 2009. 
  64. ^ "Fun City". Ibdb.com. Retrieved August 9, 2013. 
  65. ^ "Broadway Bound - Replacements". Ibdb.com. Retrieved April 29, 2009. 
  66. ^ Joan Rivers in walkoffame.com, "Category Television Address 7000 Hollywood Blvd. Ceremony date July 26, 1989"
  67. ^ Joan Rivers gets Walk of Fame star, Rome News-Tribune, July 26, 1989
  68. ^ "Awards for Joan Rivers". IMDb. "Walk of Fame 1989 Won Star on the Walk of Fame Television At 7030 Hollywood Blvd." 

External links

Preceded by
Piers Morgan
The Apprentice winners
Season 8 (Celebrity Edition 2)
Succeeded by
Bret Michaels