Cooma

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Cooma
New South Wales
Cooma, NSW, Courthouse, jjron, 24.09.2008.jpg
Cooma Court House
Cooma is located in New South Wales
Cooma
Cooma
Coordinates 36°14′06″S 149°07′33″E / 36.23500°S 149.12583°E / -36.23500; 149.12583Coordinates: 36°14′06″S 149°07′33″E / 36.23500°S 149.12583°E / -36.23500; 149.12583
Population 6,301 (2011)[1]
Postcode(s) 2630
Elevation 800 m (2,625 ft)
Location
  • 397 km (247 mi) SW of Sydney
  • 116 km (72 mi) S of Canberra
  • 112 km (70 mi) NW of Bega
LGA(s) Cooma-Monaro Shire
County Beresford
State electorate(s) Monaro
Federal Division(s) Eden-Monaro
Mean max temp Mean min temp Annual rainfall
19.3 °C
67 °F
4.1 °C
39 °F
532.9 mm
21 in
Localities around Cooma:
Adaminaby Bredbo
Cooma
Jindabyne and Berridale Nimmitabel

Cooma is a town in the south of New South Wales, Australia. It is located 114 kilometres (71 mi) south of the national capital, Canberra, via the Monaro Highway. It is also on the Snowy Mountains Highway, connecting Bega with the Riverina. The town has a population of 6,301.[1] Cooma is the main town of the Monaro region. It is 800 metres (2,620 ft) above sea level. The name could have derived from an Aboriginal word Coombah, meaning 'big lake' or 'open country'.[2]

History[edit]

Cooma was explored by Captain J. M. Currie in 1823. It was first surveyed in 1840 and it was proclaimed a municipality in 1879. The railway from Sydney was extended from Royalla to Cooma in 1889 under the supervision of John Whitton.[3] The line was closed to rail passenger traffic in 1986.[4][5]

The estimated population of Cooma was 47 in 1851 and it grew to 2330 (1911), 1969 (1933), 2249 (1947), 9103 (1966), 7353 (1976) and 7978 (1981).[6][7][8][9][10]

In 1949, the town became the headquarters of the Snowy Mountains Scheme and grew rapidly.[citation needed] Those working on the Snowy Scheme depended on the railway and during construction of the scheme, the railways were one of the largest employers in the region.[3] In 1959 the tenth anniversary of the scheme was celebrated with the erection of an avenue of flags representing the 27 nationalities of people working on the scheme.[citation needed]

Cooma has developed a growing tourism industry as it became the main rest stop for many travellers heading to the NSW snow fields during the winter months. As a result, the town nicknamed itself the 'Gateway to the Snowy Mountains'.[citation needed]

The Aviation Pioneers' Memorial at Cooma contains artifacts recovered from the Avro 618 Ten aircraft Southern Cloud, which crashed on 21 March 1931 in the Toolong range of the Australian Alps. The wreck was not found until 26 October 1958.[11]

Education[edit]

Government schools include Monaro High School, a high school that serves the town and seven of the neighbouring rural towns and villages including Berridale, Jindabyne, Nimmitabel, Bredbo and Dalgety.[12] The other two government schools support primary education and are Cooma Public School[13] and Cooma North Public School,[14] both providing education for students in kindergarten to year 6.

The Roman Catholic school is called St Patrick's Parish School and provides education from kindergarten to year 10.[15] The Snowy Mountains Christian School, an independent Christian school provides education from kindergarten to year 10.[16]

Tertiary education is provided by TAFE NSW Illawarra Institute Cooma campus.[17]

Climate[edit]

Cooma has a dry, mild climate with warm summer summers and cool to cold winters. The annual mean rainfall is 532.9 millimetres (20.98 in), with winter being the driest season. The area falls in a rain shadow. Despite its dryness it only has 90.1 clear days annually, lower than the adjacent coastal areas of Wollongong and Sydney (106 and 107 clear days, respectively).[18][19] Mean daily minimum temperatures range from −2.8 °C (27.0 °F) (July) to 10.7 °C (51.3 °F) (January), with annual mean daily minimum of 4.1 °C (39.4 °F). Mean daily maximum temperatures range from 11.4 °C (52.5 °F) (July) to 27.2 °C (81.0 °F) (January), with annual mean daily maximum of 19.3 °C (66.7 °F).[20]

Cooma is 5 kilometres (3 mi) south of the banks of the Murrumbidgee River, a main tributary of the Murray–Darling basin. Cooma sources its water from the river. For the first time in history the river ceased flowing in December 2006. This was due to extensive drought in eastern Australia. This forced Cooma to adopt water restrictions, trying to limit Cooma's water consumption to 5 megalitres (4 acre·ft) a day, down from the then consumption of 11 megalitres (9 acre·ft) a day.[citation needed]

Climate data for Cooma
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 39.0
(102.2)
38.3
(100.9)
35.2
(95.4)
30.4
(86.7)
24.2
(75.6)
19.6
(67.3)
20.9
(69.6)
24.5
(76.1)
29.2
(84.6)
33.1
(91.6)
36.5
(97.7)
36.7
(98.1)
39.0
(102.2)
Average high °C (°F) 27.2
(81)
26.4
(79.5)
23.8
(74.8)
19.5
(67.1)
15.6
(60.1)
12.0
(53.6)
11.4
(52.5)
13.3
(55.9)
16.2
(61.2)
19.4
(66.9)
22.3
(72.1)
25.1
(77.2)
19.3
(66.7)
Average low °C (°F) 10.7
(51.3)
10.5
(50.9)
8.0
(46.4)
4.0
(39.2)
0.9
(33.6)
−1.4
(29.5)
−2.8
(27)
−1.9
(28.6)
1.2
(34.2)
3.7
(38.7)
7.0
(44.6)
9.1
(48.4)
4.1
(39.4)
Record low °C (°F) −0.2
(31.6)
−1.0
(30.2)
−1.9
(28.6)
−6.5
(20.3)
−8.6
(16.5)
−11.5
(11.3)
−11.4
(11.5)
−13.9
(7)
−8.6
(16.5)
−6.8
(19.8)
−3.9
(25)
−3.0
(26.6)
−13.9
(7)
Precipitation mm (inches) 57.4
(2.26)
62.1
(2.445)
58.2
(2.291)
38.0
(1.496)
30.5
(1.201)
37.6
(1.48)
28.2
(1.11)
27.1
(1.067)
34.8
(1.37)
46.0
(1.811)
65.5
(2.579)
54.7
(2.154)
539.6
(21.244)
 % humidity 40 44 45 49 54 59 54 48 45 44 43 41 47
Source: [20]

Media[edit]

Newspapers[edit]

Two newspapers operate in Cooma, 'The Cooma Monaro Express' has been publishing for 136 years, it is managed by a local team and owned by Fairfax Media.The Monaro Post, which began in 2006, and is independently owned by Gail Eastaway, Tracy Frazer and Louise Platts.

Radio stations[edit]

  • 2XL 918 AM (commercial)
  • Snow FM 97.7 FM (commercial)
  • Triple J 100.1 FM
  • ABC South-East 810 AM/1602 AM
  • Radio National 95.3 FM/100.9 FM
  • Classic FM 99.3
  • Monaro FM 90.5 (community)
  • Racing Radio 96.9 FM
  • Vision Radio 88.0 FM (narrowcast, relay)

Note: transmitters for 2XL and Snow FM, as well as some ABC services, are in place throughout the Snowy Mountains.

Television[edit]

Cooma receives five free-to-air television networks including all the digital free-to-air channels relayed from Canberra, broadcast from the Telstra site Radio Hill translator in Cooma Common, off Polo Flat Road.

Stations available include:

Another transmitter for the Cooma and surrounding Monaro region is located at Mount Roberts approximately 30 km NNE of the town, broadcasting The Three Commercial Networks and the ABC services, but not SBS Television Services.

Transport[edit]

Cooma is serviced by Cooma - Snowy Mountains Airport which is 15 kilometres from the CBD. Cooma has a bus service connecting various areas of town three times a day run by Cooma Coaches. Cooma is serviced by CountryLink buses which make daily journeys to both Canberra and the Bega Valley. Cooma has a taxi service run by Cooma Radio Taxis. Passenger trains operated to Cooma (the Cooma Mail) until 1986.[22]

The Cooma Monaro Railway is a heritage railway using historic NSW Railmotors built in the 1920s. The railway operates a weekend and Public Holiday service to Bunyan and Chakola[23] on a portion of track used by the Bombala railway line.

People associated with Cooma[edit]

People born in Cooma include:

Mars[edit]

The name Cooma is used as a name for a crater on the planet Mars, without specifically commemorating the town.[25]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References and notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "2011 Census QuickStats - Cooma (Urban Centre)". Australian Bureau of Statistics. October 2012. Retrieved 18 March 2013. 
  2. ^ "Cooma". Geographical Names Register (GNR) of NSW. Geographical Names Board of New South Wales. Retrieved 12 July 2009. 
  3. ^ a b "Cooma Railway Precinct". NSW Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage: Government of New South Wales. 11 November 2009. Retrieved 5 April 2012. 
  4. ^ "Bombala Line". www.nswrail.net. Retrieved 2007-01-21. 
  5. ^ "Cooma Railway Station". www.nswrail.net. Retrieved 2007-01-21. 
  6. ^ "CENSUS OF THE COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA 1911 - Part XIV Summary". Census of the Commonwealth of Australia 1911. Australian Bureau of Statistics. 1911. p. 211. Retrieved 18 March 2013. 
  7. ^ "CENSUS OF THE COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA 30th June 1933 - PART VIII. POPULATION AND OCCUPIED DWELLINGS IN LOCALITIES". CENSUS OF THE COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA 30th June 1933. Australian Bureau of Statistics. p. 23. Retrieved 18 March 2013. 
  8. ^ "CENSUS OF THE COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA 30th June, 1947 - PART VIII. - POPULATION AND OCCUPIED DWELLINGS IN LOCALITIES". CENSUS OF THE COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA 30th June, 1947. Australian Bureau of Statistics. p. 17. Retrieved 18 March 2013. 
  9. ^ "CENSUS OF POPULATION AND HOUSING, 30 JUNE 1966 - Vol.5, Part 1 - New South Wales". CENSUS OF POPULATION AND HOUSING, 30 JUNE 1966 COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA. COMMONWEALTH BUREAU OF CENSUS AND STATISTICS. December 1970. p. 9. Retrieved 18 March 2013. 
  10. ^ "CENSUS OF POPULATION AND HOUSING, 30 JUNE 1981 PERSONS AND DWELLINGS IN LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREAS AND URBAN CENTRES - NEW SOUTH WALES". CENSUS OF POPULATION AND HOUSING, 30 JUNE 1981. AUSTRALIAN BUREAU OF STATISTICS. 1983. p. 37. Retrieved 18 March 2013. 
  11. ^ "Into the Abyss & Back". Flight Safety Magazine. FLIGHT SAFETY AUSTRALIA. July–August 2006. pp. 40–42. Retrieved 18 March 2013. 
  12. ^ "Monaro High School". NSW Government: Education and Communities. Retrieved 5 April 2012. 
  13. ^ "Cooma Public School". NSW Government: Education and Communities. Retrieved 5 April 2012. 
  14. ^ "Cooma North Public School". NSW Government: Education and Communities. Retrieved 5 April 2012. 
  15. ^ "St Patrick’s Parish School, Cooma". Catholic Education Office Archdiocese of Canberra and Goulburn. Retrieved 5 April 2012. 
  16. ^ "Snowy Mountains Christian School". Snowy Mountains Christian School. Retrieved 5 April 2012. 
  17. ^ "Cooma Campus". TAFE NSW Illawarra Institute. Retrieved 5 April 2012. 
  18. ^ "Bureau of Meteorology – Summary statistics WOLLONGONG UNIVERSITY". Australian Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 20 November 2014. 
  19. ^ "Climate statistics for Australian locations". Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 15 November 2013. 
  20. ^ a b "Climate statistics for Cooma Visitors Centre". Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 7 September 2013. 
  21. ^ "Television". Times2 (The Canberra Times). 15 June 2010. p. 12. 
  22. ^ Banger C. The Railway Refreshment Rooms of New South Wales 1855-1995. ARHS Bulletin, Vol 54, no.790. August 2003.
  23. ^ "Cooma Monaro Railway". Cooma Monaro Railway. Retrieved 5 April 2012. 
  24. ^ Distinguished Flying Cross : Flight Lieutenant P C Hughes, 234 Squadron RAF AWM Collection Record: REL/17986.001
  25. ^ Categories for Naming Features on Planets and Satellites, Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature, USGS Astrogeology Science Center, NASA

External links[edit]

Media related to Cooma, New South Wales at Wikimedia Commons