List of parties to international copyright treaties

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Below is a list of countries which have signed and ratified one or more multilateral international copyright treaties. This list covers only multilateral treaties (i.e., treaties by more than two countries). It does not include bilateral treaties (treaties between only two countries). Related rights provide intellectual property rights for performers, producers of sound recordings (phonograms) and broadcasting organisations. In some countries these rights are known simply as copyright, while other countries distinguish them from authors' rights: in either case, the international laws which are concerned with them are distinct from those concerned with literary and artistic works under the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works and other treaties.

Treaties[edit]

Short name Long name Place/Act Date Date
(into force)
Note
Berne Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works Berne 1886-09-09 1887-12-05[1]
UCC Geneva Universal Copyright Convention Geneva Act 1952-09-06 1955-09-16[2]
UCC Paris Universal Copyright Convention Paris Act 1971-07-24 1974-07-10[3]
TRIPS Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights Marrakech 1994-04-15 1995-01-01[4] Note: membership in TRIPS coincides with membership in the World Trade Organization except for least developed countries, which were granted a grace period; observer governments of the World Trade Organization are marked observer in the table below.
WCT WIPO Copyright Treaty Geneva 1996-12-20 2002-03-06[5][6]

In addition to these treaties, the Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement (ACTA) is a multilateral treaty governing multiple aspects of intellectual property, including copyright. As of February 2012, ACTA has been signed by 31 countries, but only ratified by Japan.[7] If ACTA is ratified by six or more signatories, it will enter into force thirty days later.[8]

Table of parties[edit]

The list below was taken from details supplied by WIPO, UNESCO and the WTO (see references): they are correct as of 2005-12-11 (2000-01-01 for the Universal Copyright Convention), and include some accessions after that date. Dates quoted are the date on which the treaty came into effect for a given country.

Country Berne UCC Geneva UCC Paris TRIPS WCT
 Afghanistan observer
 Albania 1994-03-06 2000-09-08 2005-08-06
 Algeria 1998-04-19 1973-08-28 1974-07-10 observer 2014-01-01[9]
 Andorra 2004-06-02 1955-09-16 observer
 Angola 1996-11-23
 Antigua and Barbuda 2000-03-17 1995-01-01
 Argentina 1967-06-10 1958-12-13 1995-01-01 2002-03-06
 Armenia 2000-10-19 2003-02-05 2005-03-06
 Australia 1928-04-14 1969-05-01 1978-02-29 1995-01-01 2007-07-26
 Austria 1920-10-01 1957-07-02 1982-08-14 1995-01-01 2010-03-14
 Azerbaijan 1999-06-04 observer 2006-04-11
 Bahamas 1973-07-10 1976-10-13 1976-12-27 observer
 Bahrain 1997-03-02 1995-01-01 2005-12-15
 Bangladesh 1999-05-04 1975-08-05 1975-08-05 1995-01-01
 Barbados 1983-07-30 1983-06-18 1983-06-18 1995-01-01
 Belarus 1997-12-12 observer 2002-03-06
 Belgium 1887-12-05 1960-08-31 1995-01-01 2006-08-30
 Belize 2000-06-17 1983-03-01 1995-01-01
 Benin 1961-01-03 1996-02-22 2006-04-16
 Bhutan 2004-11-25 observer
 Bolivia 1993-11-04 1990-03-22 1990-03-22 1995-09-12 signed
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 1930-06-17 (as Yugoslavia) 1966-05-11 (as Yugoslavia) 1974-07-10 (as Yugoslavia) observer
 Botswana 1998-04-15 1995-05-31 2005-01-27
 Brazil 1922-02-09 1960-01-13 1975-12-11 1995-01-01
 Brunei 2006-08-30 1995-01-01
 Bulgaria 1921-12-05 1975-06-07 1975-06-07 1996-12-01 2002-03-06
 Burkina Faso 1963-08-19 1995-06-03 2002-03-06
 Burundi 1995-07-23
 Cambodia 1955-09-16 2004-10-13
 Cameroon 1964-09-21 1973-05-01 1974-07-10 1995-12-13
 Canada 1928-04-10 1962-08-10 1995-01-01 2014-08-13[10]
 Cape Verde 1997-07-07 observer
 Central African Republic 1977-09-03 1995-05-31
 Chad 1971-11-25 1996-10-19
 Chile 1970-06-05 1955-09-16 1995-01-01 2002-03-06
 China, People's Republic of 1992-10-15 1992-10-30 1992-10-30 2001-12-11 2007-06-09 (excluding Hong Kong and Macau)
 Colombia 1988-03-07 1976-06-18 1976-06-18 1995-04-30 2002-03-06
 Comoros 2005-04-17 observer
 Congo, Democratic Republic 1963-10-08 1997-01-01
 Congo, Republic 1962-05-08 1997-03-27
 Costa Rica 1978-06-10 1955-09-16 1980-03-07 1995-01-01 2002-03-06
 Côte d'Ivoire 1962-01-01 1995-01-01
 Croatia 1930-06-17 (as Yugoslavia) 1966-05-11 (as Yugoslavia) 1974-07-10 (as Yugoslavia) 2000-11-30 2002-03-06
 Cuba 1997-02-20 1957-06-18 1995-04-20
 Cyprus 1964-02-24 1990-12-19 1990-12-19 1995-07-30 2003-11-04
 Czech Republic 1993-01-01 1960-01-06 (as Czechoslovakia) 1980-04-17 (as Czechoslovakia) 1995-01-01 2002-03-06
 Denmark 1903-07-01 1962-02-09 1979-07-11 1995-01-01 2010-03-14
 Djibouti 2002-05-13 1995-05-31
 Dominica 1999-08-07 1995-01-01
 Dominican Republic 1997-12-24 1983-05-08 1982-05-08 1995-03-09 2006-01-10
 East Timor
 Ecuador 1991-10-09 1957-05-03 1991-09-06 1996-01-21 2002-03-06
 Egypt 1977-06-07 1995-06-30
 El Salvador 1994-02-19 1979-03-29 1979-03-29 1995-05-07 2002-03-06
 Equatorial Guinea 1997-06-26 observer
 Eritrea
 Estonia 1994-10-26 1999-11-13 2010-03-14
 Ethiopia observer
 European Union 1995-01-01 2010-03-14
 Fiji 1971-12-01 1972-03-13 1996-01-14
 Finland 1928-04-01 1963-04-16 1986-11-01 1995-01-01 2010-03-14
 France 1887-12-05 1956-01-14 1972-12-11 1995-01-01 2010-03-14
 Gabon 1962-03-26 1995-01-01 2002-03-06
 Gambia 1993-03-07 1996-10-23
 Georgia 1995-05-16 2000-06-14 2002-03-06
 Germany 1887-12-05 1955-09-16 1974-01-18 1995-01-01 2010-03-14
 Ghana 1991-10-11 1962-08-22 1995-01-01 2006-11-18
 Greece 1920-11-09 1963-08-24 1995-01-01 2010-03-14
 Grenada 1998-09-22 1996-02-22
 Guatemala 1997-07-28 1964-10-28 1995-07-21 2003-02-04
 Guinea 1980-11-20 1981-11-13 1981-11-13 1995-10-25 2002-05-25
 Guinea-Bissau 1991-07-22 1995-05-31
 Guyana 1994-10-25  ?  ? 1995-01-01
 Haiti 1996-01-11 1955-09-16 1996-01-30
 Honduras 1990-01-25 1995-01-01 2002-05-20
 Hong Kong 1997-07-01 1997-09-30 1997-09-30 1995-01-01
 Hungary 1922-02-14 1971-01-23 1974-07-10 1995-01-01 2002-03-06
 Iceland 1947-09-07 1956-12-18 1995-01-01
 India 1928-04-01 1958-01-21 1988-04-07 1995-01-01
 Indonesia 1997-09-05 1995-01-01 2002-03-06
 Iran observer
 Iraq observer
 Ireland 1927-10-05 1959-01-20 1995-01-01 2010-03-14
 Israel 1950-03-24 1955-09-16 1995-04-21 signed
 Italy 1887-12-05 1957-01-24 1980-01-25 1995-01-01 2010-03-14
 Jamaica 1994-01-01 1995-05-09 2002-06-12
 Japan 1899-07-15 1955-09-16 1977-10-21 1995-01-01 2002-03-06
 Jersey 2014-01-31[11]
 Jordan 1999-07-28 2000-04-11 2004-04-27
 Kazakhstan 1999-04-12 1973-05-27 observer 2004-11-12
 Kenya 1993-06-11 1966-09-07 1974-07-10 1995-01-01 signed
 Kiribati
 Korea, Democratic People's Republic 2003-04-28
 Korea, Republic 1996-08-21 1987-10-01 1987-10-01 1995-01-01 2004-06-24
 Kuwait 2014-12-2[12] 1995-01-01
 Kyrgyzstan 1999-07-08 1998-12-20 2002-03-06
 Laos 2012-03-14 [1] 1955-09-16 observer
 Latvia 1995-08-11 1999-02-10 2002-03-06
 Lebanon 1947-09-30 1959-10-17 observer
 Lesotho 1989-09-28 1995-05-31
 Liberia 1989-03-08 1956-07-27
 Libya 1976-09-28 observer
 Liechtenstein 1931-07-30 1959-01-22 1999-11-11 1995-09-01 2007-04-30
 Lithuania 1994-12-14 2001-05-31 2002-03-06
 Luxembourg 1888-06-20 1955-10-15 1995-01-01 2010-03-14
 Macau 1999-12-20 1995-01-01
 Macedonia 1930-06-17 (as Yugoslavia) 1966-05-11 (as Yugoslavia) 1974-07-10 (as Yugoslavia) 2003-04-04 2004-02-04
 Madagascar 1966-01-01 1995-11-17 2015-2-24[13]
 Malawi 1991-10-12 1965-10-26 1995-05-31
 Malaysia 1990-10-01 1995-01-01 2012-12-27[14]
 Maldives 1995-05-31
 Mali 1962-03-19 1995-05-31 2002-04-24
 Malta 1964-09-21 1968-11-19 1995-01-01 2010-03-14
 Marshall Islands
 Mauritania 1973-02-06 1995-05-31
 Mauritius 1989-05-10 1970-11-20 1995-01-01
 Mexico 1967-06-11 1957-05-12 1975-10-31 1995-01-01 2002-03-06
 Federated States of Micronesia 2003-10-07
 Moldova 1995-11-02 2001-07-26 2002-03-06
 Monaco 1989-05-30 1955-09-16 1974-12-13 signed
 Mongolia 1998-03-12 1997-01-29 2002-10-25
 Montenegro 2006-06-03 1966-05-11 (as Yugoslavia) 1974-07-10 (as Yugoslavia) observer 2003-06-13 (as Serbia and Montenegro)
 Morocco 1917-06-16 1972-05-08 1976-01-28 1995-01-01 2011-07-20 [2]
 Mozambique 2013-11-22 [15] 1995-08-26
 Myanmar 1995-01-01
 Namibia 1990-03-21 1995-01-01 signed
 Nauru
   Nepal 2006-01-11 2004-04-23
 Netherlands 1912-11-01 1967-06-22 1985-11-30 1995-01-01 2010-03-14
 New Zealand 1928-04-24 1964-09-11 1995-01-01
 Nicaragua 2000-08-23 1961-08-16 1995-09-03 2003-03-06
 Niger 1962-05-02 1989-05-15 1989-05-15 1996-12-13
 Niue 2015-01-08[16]
 Nigeria 1993-09-14 1962-02-14 1995-01-01 signed
 Norway 1896-04-13 1963-01-23 1974-08-07 1995-01-01
 Oman 1999-07-14 2000-11-09 2005-09-20
 Pakistan 1948-07-05 1955-09-16 1995-01-01
 Palau
 Panama 1996-06-08 1962-10-17 1980-09-03 1997-09-06 2002-03-06
 Papua New Guinea 1996-06-09
 Paraguay 1992-01-02 1962-03-11 1995-01-01 2002-03-06
 Peru 1988-08-20 1963-10-16 1985-07-22 1995-01-01 2002-03-06
 Philippines 1951-08-01 1955-11-19 1995-01-01 2002-10-04
 Poland 1920-01-28 1977-03-09 1977-03-09 1995-07-01 2004-03-23
 Portugal 1911-03-29 1956-12-25 1981-07-30 1995-01-01 2010-03-14
 Qatar 2000-07-05 1996-01-13 2005-10-28
 Romania 1927-01-01 1995-01-01 2002-03-06
 Russia 1995-03-13 1973-05-27 (as the Soviet Union) 1994-12-09 observer 2009-02-05
 Rwanda 1984-03-01 1989-11-10 1989-11-10 1996-05-22
 Saint Kitts and Nevis 1995-04-09 1996-02-21
 Saint Lucia 1993-08-24 1995-01-01 2002-03-06
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 1995-08-29 1985-04-22 1985-04-22 1995-01-01
 Samoa 2006-07-21 observer
 San Marino
 São Tomé and Príncipe observer
 Saudi Arabia 2004-03-11 1994-07-13 1994-07-13 2005-12-11
 Senegal 1962-08-25 1974-07-09 1974-07-09 1995-01-01 2002-05-18
 Serbia 1930-06-17 (as Yugoslavia) 1966-05-11 (as Yugoslavia) 1974-07-10 (as Yugoslavia) observer 2003-06-13 (as Serbia and Montenegro)
 Seychelles observer
 Sierra Leone 1995-07-23
 Singapore 1998-12-21 1995-01-01 2005-04-17
 Slovakia 1993-01-01 1960-01-06 (as Czechoslovakia) 1980-04-17 (as Czechoslovakia) 1995-01-01 2002-03-06
 Slovenia 1930-06-17 (as Yugoslavia) 1966-05-11 (as Yugoslavia) 1974-07-10 (as Yugoslavia) 1995-07-30 2002-03-06
 Solomon Islands 1996-07-26
 Somalia
 South Africa 1928-10-03 1995-01-01 signed
 Spain 1887-12-05 1955-01-27 1974-07-10 1995-01-01 2010-03-14
 Sri Lanka 1959-07-20 1984-01-25 1984-01-25 1995-01-01
 Sudan 2000-12-28 observer
 Suriname 1977-02-23 1995-01-01
 Swaziland 1998-12-14 1995-01-01
 Sweden 1904-08-01 1961-07-01 1974-07-10 1995-01-01 2010-03-14
  Switzerland 1887-12-05 1956-03-30 1993-09-21 1995-07-01 2008-07-01
 Syria 2004-06-11
 Taiwan 2002-01-01 (as "Chinese Taipei")
 Tajikistan 2000-03-09 observer 2009-04-05
 Tanzania 1994-07-25 1995-01-01
 Thailand 1931-07-17 1995-01-01
 Togo 1975-04-30 1995-05-31 2003-05-21
 Tonga 2001-06-14 2007-07-27
 Trinidad and Tobago 1988-08-16 1988-08-19 1988-08-19 1995-03-01 2008-11-28
 Tunisia 1887-12-05 1969-06-19 1975-06-10 1995-03-29
 Turkey 1952-01-01 1995-03-26 2008-11-28
 Turkmenistan
 Tuvalu 2014-06-04[17]
 Uganda 1995-01-01
 Ukraine 1995-10-25 observer 2002-03-06
 United Arab Emirates 2004-07-14 1996-04-10 2004-07-14
 United Kingdom 1887-12-05 1957-09-27 1974-07-10 1995-01-01 2010-03-14
 United States 1989-03-01 1955-09-16 1974-07-10 1995-01-01 2002-03-06
 Uruguay 1967-07-10 1993-04-12 1993-04-12 1995-01-01 2009-06-05
 Uzbekistan 2005-04-19 observer
 Vanuatu 2012-12-27[18] observer
  Holy See (Vatican City) 1935-09-12 1955-10-05 1980-05-06 observer
 Venezuela 1982-12-30 1966-09-30 1996-04-11 1995-01-01 signed
 Vietnam 2004-10-26 2007-01-11
 Yemen 2008-07-14 observer
 Zambia 1992-01-02 1965-06-01 1995-01-01
 Zimbabwe 1980-04-18 1995-03-05

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Parties to the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works; document dated 2008-01-15, retrieved 2008-02-15.
  2. ^ Parties to the Geneva Act of the Universal Copyright Convention as of 2000-01-01: the dates given in the document are dates of ratification, not dates of coming into force. The Geneva Act came into force on 1955-09-16 for the first twelve to have ratified (which included four non-members of the Berne Union as required by Art. 9.1), or three months after ratification for other countries.
  3. ^ Parties to the Paris Act of the Universal Copyright Convention as of 2000-01-01: the dates given in the document are dates of ratification, not dates of coming into force. The Paris Act came into force on 1974-07-10 for countries having ratified before that date, or three months after ratification for other countries.
  4. ^ Members of the World Trade Organization: document dated 2007-07-27, retrieved 2008-02-02.
  5. ^ Summary of the WIPO Copyright Treaty, retrieved 2009-12-15.
  6. ^ Members of the WIPO Copyright Treaty, retrieved 2009-12-15.
  7. ^ "Conclusion of the Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement (ACTA) by Japan". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan. 2012-10-05. Retrieved 2012-10-06. 
  8. ^ Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement, Article 40(1). Accessed 2012-03-15.
  9. ^ "Accession by the People's Democratic Republic of Algeria". World Intellectual Property Organization. 31 October 2013. Retrieved 13 November 2013. 
  10. ^ "WCT Notification No. 81 WIPO Copyright Treaty Ratification by Canada". Retrieved 23 May 2014. 
  11. ^ http://www.wipo.int/treaties/en/notifications/berne/treaty_berne_260.html
  12. ^ "Berne Notification No. 268: Accession by the State of Kuwait". TREATY/BERNE/268: [Berne Convention] Accession by the State of Kuwait. World International Property Organization. 2014-09-02. Retrieved 2014-09-09. 
  13. ^ "WCT Notification No. 82: Accession by the Republic of Madagascar". TREATY/WCT/82: [WCT] Accession by the Republic of Madagascar. WIPO. 2104-11-24. Retrieved 2014-12-10.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  14. ^ WIPO Copyright Treaty. Accession by Malaya, retrieved 2012-10-10.
  15. ^ Accession by the Republic of Mozambique, retrieved 2013-09-03.
  16. ^ "WIPO Notification No. 218: Accession by Niue". TREATY/CONVENTION/218: [WIPO Convention] Accession by Niue. Word Intellectual Property Office. 2014-10-08. Retrieved 2014-10-23. 
  17. ^ WIPO. "Accession by Tuvalu". Retrieved 10 March 2014. 
  18. ^ Accession by the Republic of Vanuatu, retrieved 2012-10-10.