Courrendlin

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Courrendlin
Courrendlin - Courrendlin village
Courrendlin village
Country Switzerland Coat of Arms of Courrendlin
Canton Jura
District Delémont
47°20′N 07°22′E / 47.333°N 7.367°E / 47.333; 7.367Coordinates: 47°20′N 07°22′E / 47.333°N 7.367°E / 47.333; 7.367
Population 2,722 (Dec 2013)[1]
- Density 246 /km2 (637 /sq mi)
Area 11.08 km2 (4.28 sq mi)[2]
Elevation 436 m (1,430 ft)
Postal code 2830
SFOS number 6708
Mayor Maire
Gérard Métille
Localities Choindez
Surrounded by Vellerat, Châtillon, Rossemaison, Delémont, Courroux, Rebeuvelier, Roches (BE)
Website www.courrendlin.ch
SFSO statistics
Courrendlin is located in Switzerland
Courrendlin
Courrendlin

Courrendlin (Franc-Comtois: Coérrendlïn) is a municipality in the district of Delémont in the canton of Jura in Switzerland.

History[edit]

Courrendlin is first mentioned in 866 as Rendelana Corte.[3]

Geography[edit]

Old home in Courrendlin

Courrendlin has an area of 11.08 km2 (4.28 sq mi).[2] Of this area, 4.79 km2 (1.85 sq mi) or 43.2% is used for agricultural purposes, while 4.4 km2 (1.7 sq mi) or 39.7% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 1.67 km2 (0.64 sq mi) or 15.1% is settled (buildings or roads), 0.1 km2 (25 acres) or 0.9% is either rivers or lakes and 0.07 km2 (17 acres) or 0.6% is unproductive land.[4]

Of the built up area, industrial buildings made up 2.9% of the total area while housing and buildings made up 5.7% and transportation infrastructure made up 3.6%. Power and water infrastructure as well as other special developed areas made up 2.6% of the area Out of the forested land, all of the forested land area is covered with heavy forests. Of the agricultural land, 25.5% is used for growing crops and 12.1% is pastures and 5.1% is used for alpine pastures. All the water in the municipality is flowing water.[4]

The municipality is located in the Delemont district, on the Birs river as it flows out of Moutier canyon. It consists of the old linear village of Courrendlin on the right side of the river, the train station and newer housing developments on the left bank and the foundry complex of Choindez south of the village.

The municipalities of Bourrignon, Châtillon, Courrendlin, Courtételle, Delémont, Ederswiler, Mettembert, Movelier, Pleigne, Rebeuvelier, Rossemaison and Vellerat are considering a merger on at a date in the future into the new municipality with an, as of 2011, undetermined name.[5]

Coat of arms[edit]

The blazon of the municipal coat of arms is Argent, a Falcon Azure langued and belled Gules stantant on Coupeaux Vert.[6]

Demographics[edit]

Courrendlin has a population (as of December 2013) of 2,722.[1] As of 2008, 17.4% of the population are resident foreign nationals.[7] Over the last 10 years (2000–2010) the population has changed at a rate of 1%. Migration accounted for -1%, while births and deaths accounted for 2.7%.[8]

Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks French (2,152 or 88.4%) as their first language, German is the second most common (127 or 5.2%) and Italian is the third (44 or 1.8%). There is 1 person who speaks Romansh.[9]

As of 2008, the population was 49.8% male and 50.2% female. The population was made up of 1,008 Swiss men (40.7% of the population) and 225 (9.1%) non-Swiss men. There were 1,036 Swiss women (41.8%) and 208 (8.4%) non-Swiss women.[10] Of the population in the municipality, 823 or about 33.8% were born in Courrendlin and lived there in 2000. There were 753 or 30.9% who were born in the same canton, while 437 or 17.9% were born somewhere else in Switzerland, and 361 or 14.8% were born outside of Switzerland.[9]

As of 2000, children and teenagers (0–19 years old) make up 26% of the population, while adults (20–64 years old) make up 60.7% and seniors (over 64 years old) make up 13.3%.[8]

As of 2000, there were 1,004 people who were single and never married in the municipality. There were 1,187 married individuals, 157 widows or widowers and 87 individuals who are divorced.[9]

As of 2000, there were 968 private households in the municipality, and an average of 2.5 persons per household.[8] There were 271 households that consist of only one person and 73 households with five or more people. In 2000, a total of 946 apartments (89.9% of the total) were permanently occupied, while 54 apartments (5.1%) were seasonally occupied and 52 apartments (4.9%) were empty.[11] As of 2009, the construction rate of new housing units was 5.7 new units per 1000 residents.[8] The vacancy rate for the municipality, in 2010, was 5.3%.[8]

The historical population is given in the following chart:[3][12]

Sights[edit]

The entire Choindez area is designated as part of the Inventory of Swiss Heritage Sites[13]

Politics[edit]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SPS which received 47.24% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SVP (16.81%), the CVP (14.55%) and the FDP (13.46%). In the federal election, a total of 659 votes were cast, and the voter turnout was 41.1%.[14]

Economy[edit]

A16 motorway bridge at Choindez

As of 2010, Courrendlin had an unemployment rate of 7.3%. As of 2008, there were 39 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 16 businesses involved in this sector. 271 people were employed in the secondary sector and there were 33 businesses in this sector. 387 people were employed in the tertiary sector, with 72 businesses in this sector.[8] There were 1,242 residents of the municipality who were employed in some capacity, of which females made up 43.6% of the workforce.

In 2008 the total number of full-time equivalent jobs was 601. The number of jobs in the primary sector was 27, of which 26 were in agriculture and 1 was in forestry or lumber production. The number of jobs in the secondary sector was 260 of which 193 or (74.2%) were in manufacturing and 65 (25.0%) were in construction. The number of jobs in the tertiary sector was 314. In the tertiary sector; 123 or 39.2% were in wholesale or retail sales or the repair of motor vehicles, 29 or 9.2% were in the movement and storage of goods, 18 or 5.7% were in a hotel or restaurant, 4 or 1.3% were in the information industry, 3 or 1.0% were the insurance or financial industry, 15 or 4.8% were technical professionals or scientists, 33 or 10.5% were in education and 23 or 7.3% were in health care.[15]

In 2000, there were 602 workers who commuted into the municipality and 872 workers who commuted away. The municipality is a net exporter of workers, with about 1.4 workers leaving the municipality for every one entering. About 6.0% of the workforce coming into Courrendlin are coming from outside Switzerland.[16] Of the working population, 15.5% used public transportation to get to work, and 65% used a private car.[8]

Religion[edit]

Courrendlin church tower

From the 2000 census, 1,698 or 69.7% were Roman Catholic, while 391 or 16.1% belonged to the Swiss Reformed Church. Of the rest of the population, there was 1 member of an Orthodox church, there were 2 individuals (or about 0.08% of the population) who belonged to the Christian Catholic Church, and there were 103 individuals (or about 4.23% of the population) who belonged to another Christian church. There were 74 (or about 3.04% of the population) who were Islamic. There were 2 individuals who were Buddhist, 1 person who was Hindu and 2 individuals who belonged to another church. 137 (or about 5.63% of the population) belonged to no church, are agnostic or atheist, and 75 individuals (or about 3.08% of the population) did not answer the question.[9]

Education[edit]

Courrendlin school house

In Courrendlin about 889 or (36.5%) of the population have completed non-mandatory upper secondary education, and 177 or (7.3%) have completed additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule). Of the 177 who completed tertiary schooling, 64.4% were Swiss men, 25.4% were Swiss women, 7.9% were non-Swiss men.[9]

The Canton of Jura school system provides two year of non-obligatory Kindergarten, followed by six years of Primary school. This is followed by three years of obligatory lower Secondary school where the students are separated according to ability and aptitude. Following the lower Secondary students may attend a three or four year optional upper Secondary school followed by some form of Tertiary school or they may enter an apprenticeship.[17]

During the 2009-10 school year, there were a total of 127 students attending 7 classes in Courrendlin. There were no kindergarten classes in the municipality.[18] The municipality had no primary school classes, all the students attended school in a neighboring school.[19] During the same year, there were 7 lower secondary classes with a total of 127 students.[20]

As of 2000, there were 46 students in Courrendlin who came from another municipality, while 85 residents attended schools outside the municipality.[16]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistics Office – STAT-TAB Ständige und Nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Region, Geschlecht, Nationalität und Alter (German) accessed 18 August 2014
  2. ^ a b Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  3. ^ a b Courrendlin in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office-Land Use Statistics 2009 data (German) accessed 25 March 2010
  5. ^ Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz published by the Swiss Federal Statistical Office (German) accessed 17 February 2011
  6. ^ Flags of the World.com accessed 21-December-2011
  7. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Superweb database - Gemeinde Statistics 1981-2008 (German) accessed 19 June 2010
  8. ^ a b c d e f g Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 21-December-2011
  9. ^ a b c d e STAT-TAB Datenwürfel für Thema 40.3 - 2000 (German) accessed 2 February 2011
  10. ^ Canton Jura Statistics- Population résidante permanente au 1er janvier 2010, canton du Jura et communes (French) accessed 2 March 2011
  11. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB - Datenwürfel für Thema 09.2 - Gebäude und Wohnungen (German) accessed 28 January 2011
  12. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB Bevölkerungsentwicklung nach Region, 1850-2000 (German) accessed 29 January 2011
  13. ^ "Kantonsliste A-Objekte". KGS Inventar (in German). Federal Office of Civil Protection. 2009. Retrieved 25 April 2011. 
  14. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office, Nationalratswahlen 2007: Stärke der Parteien und Wahlbeteiligung, nach Gemeinden/Bezirk/Canton (German) accessed 28 May 2010
  15. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB Betriebszählung: Arbeitsstätten nach Gemeinde und NOGA 2008 (Abschnitte), Sektoren 1-3 (German) accessed 28 January 2011
  16. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Statweb (German) accessed 24 June 2010
  17. ^ EDK/CDIP/IDES (2010). Kantonale Schulstrukturen in der Schweiz und im Fürstentum Liechtenstein / Structures Scolaires Cantonales en Suisse et Dans la Principauté du Liechtenstein (Report). http://edudoc.ch/record/35128/files/Schulsystem_alle.pdf. Retrieved 24 June 2010.
  18. ^ Effectifs de l'école enfantine 2009-2010 (French) accessed 19 December 2011
  19. ^ Effectifs de l'école primaire (French) accessed 19 December 2011
  20. ^ Effectifs de l'école secondaire (French) accessed 19 December 2011

External links[edit]