Cromarty

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For uses of a similar name, see Cromartie.

Coordinates: 57°40′54″N 4°02′13″W / 57.681628°N 4.037008°W / 57.681628; -4.037008

Cromarty
Scottish Gaelic: Cromba
Cromarty waterfront houses.jpg
Waterfront houses in Cromarty
Cromarty is located in Ross and Cromarty
Cromarty
Cromarty
 Cromarty shown within the Ross and Cromarty area
Population 719 (2001)
OS grid reference NH785675
Council area Highland
Lieutenancy area Ross and Cromarty
Country Scotland
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town CROMARTY
Postcode district IV11
Dialling code 01381
Police Scottish
Fire Scottish
Ambulance Scottish
EU Parliament Scotland
UK Parliament Ross, Skye and Lochaber
Scottish Parliament Skye, Lochaber and Badenoch
List of places
UK
Scotland

Cromarty (Listeni/ˈkrɒmərti/; Cromba in Gaelic) is a town, civil parish and former royal burgh in Ross and Cromarty, in the Highland area of Scotland. At the 2001 census, it had a population of 719.[1]

History[edit]

Cromarty is a seaport on the southern shore of the mouth of Cromarty Firth, five miles seaward from Invergordon on the opposite coast. Until 1899 it was the county town of the former county of Cromartyshire.[a]

The name Cromarty variously derives from the Gaelic crom (crooked), and from bati (bay), or from àrd (height), meaning either the "crooked bay", or the "bend between the heights" (referring to the high rocks, or Sutors, which guard the entrance to the Firth), and gave the title to the Earldom of Cromartie. Its name in 1264 was Crumbathyn.[2]

The town grew around its port, formerly used by ferries, to export locally-grown hemp fibre, and by trawlers trawling for herrings. The port was a British naval base during the First World War and HMS Natal blew up close by on 30 December 1915 with heavy loss of life.

The port was home to the UK's smallest vehicle ferry, the Cromarty Rose, running across the Firth to Nigg. The Cromarty Rose was sold in 2009 and replaced for the 2011 season by a new four-car ferry called the Cromarty Queen. It runs from June to October, from roughly 8:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m.

Cromarty is architecturally important for its Georgian merchant houses that stand within a townscape of Georgian and Victorian fisherman's cottages in the local vernacular style. It is an outstanding example of a 18th/19th century burgh, "the jewel in the crown of Scottish Vernacular Architecture".[3] The thatched house with crow-stepped gables in Church Street, in which the geologist Hugh Miller was born (in 1801), still stands, and a statue has been erected to his memory. To the east of the burgh is Cromarty House, occupying the site of the old castle of the earls of Ross. It was the birthplace of Sir Thomas Urquhart, the translator of Rabelais.

The burgh is also noted as a base for viewing the local offshore sea life. These include one of the most northerly groups of bottlenose dolphins. Cromarty along with Chanonry Point just round the coast is one of the best places in Europe to see these animals close to the shore. The University of Aberdeen Department of Zoology Lighthouse Field Station is based in Cromarty.

Famous former residents include standing high jumper Hannah Meikle.

Cromarty gives its name to one of the sea areas of the British Shipping Forecast.

The small community is also known for being a hub of creative activity including a number of promotional groups, several arts venues and, the town hosts its own Film Festival each December. The Cromarty "My Favourite Film" Festival is small but perfectly formed and has won the hearts of many over the years. Guests of the 2008 festival included Kirsty Wark and Alan Clements, Donald Shaw and Karen Matheson, Janice Forsyth, David Mackenzie and Michael Caton-Jones. Each guest selected five of their favourite films, one of which was shown during the weekend. In addition to the Favourite Films, there is an outdoor screening on a Gable End, Gaelic Short films, Animation workshop, photographic exhibition and late night Pizza and Film screenings. All crammed into one weekend in a small town in the Highlands.

The site of the town's medieval burgh dating to at least the 12th century was identified by local archaeologists after winter storms in 2012 eroded sections of the shoreline. A community archaeology project started in 2013 is investigating the remains of roads and buildings at the site on the eastern edge of the present town.[4]

Parliamentary burgh[edit]

From 1832 to 1918 Cromarty was a parliamentary burgh, combined with Dingwall, Dornoch, Kirkwall, Tain and Wick in the Wick Burghs constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. Known also as Northern Burghs, the constituency was a district of burghs. It was represented by one Member of Parliament. In 1918 the constituency was abolished and the Cromarty component was merged into the county constituency of Ross and Cromarty.

Traditional dialect[edit]

The town made the news in October 2012 when Bobby Hogg, the last speaker of the traditional local North Northern Scots dialect, died.[5] This was referred to on HeraldScotland as a dialect of the Scots language,[6] although a report on BBC Radio 4 said that the dialect had been strongly influenced by the English spoken at the local naval base and that it was one of the only areas in Scotland to exhibit H-dropping.[7] Hogg had previously compiled a booklet of traditional words and phrases.[8][9][10] In addition, the Highland Council had produced a digital booklet on the dialect. This states that the thou forms were still in common use in the first half of the 20th century and remained in occasional usage at the time of publication.[11]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ From 1889 to 1975 Cromartyshire was merged with Ross-shire under the Ross and Cromarty county council. Ross and Cromarty has later usage as the name of a district of the Highland region (1975 to 1996), and is today an area committee of the modern Highland unitary authority.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Comparative Population Profile: Cromarty Locality". Scotland's Census Results Online. 2001-04-29. Retrieved 2008-09-01. [dead link]
  2. ^ AD Mills (1991). The Oxford Dictionary of British Place Names. Oxford University Press. p. 140. 
  3. ^ David Ross (1994-10-01). "Prince views a 'jewel in the crown'". The Herald (Glasgow). Retrieved 2014-07-21. 
  4. ^ "Project Background". Cromarty Medieval Burgh Community Archaeology Project. Retrieved 2014-07-21. 
  5. ^ "Cromarty fisherfolk dialect's last native speaker dies". BBC News. 2012-10-02. Retrieved 2012-10-02. 
  6. ^ David Ross (2012-10-02). "Dialect's demise as final speaker dies at 92". The Herald (Glasgow). Retrieved 2012-10-02. 
  7. ^ BBC Radio 4 - Six O'Clock News, 2 October 2012, from 28:30 until the end of the broadcast
  8. ^ "Rare fisherfolk dialect recorded". BBC News. 2009-05-05. Retrieved 2012-10-02. 
  9. ^ Auslan Cramb (2007-02-21). "Brothers are last to speak dialect". Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 2012-10-02. 
  10. ^ Matt Kennard (2007-02-26). "Anyone here speak Cromarty fisher?". The Guardian. Retrieved 2012-10-02. 
  11. ^ The Cromarty Fisherfolk Dialect, Am Baile, The Highland Council's History and Culture website, p. 5 

External links[edit]