Ross and Cromarty (UK Parliament constituency)

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For the 1885–1918 constituency in Herefordshire, see Ross (UK Parliament constituency).
Ross and Cromarty
Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
Subdivisions of Scotland 1890–1975: Ross and Cromarty
1975–1983: Highland
18321983
Number of members One
Replaced by Ross, Cromarty & Skye
Created from Inverness Burghs, Ross-shire and Cromartyshire

Ross and Cromarty was a county constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1832 to 1983. The constituency elected one Member of Parliament (MP) using the first-past-the-post voting system.

When created in 1832 by the Scottish Reform Act 1832 it combined in one constituency the former constituencies of Ross-shire and Cromartyshire.

In 1918 Lewis was taken from the constituency and merged into the then new Western Isles constituency, and the Fortrose component of the former Inverness Burghs constituency and the Dingwall and Cromarty components of the former Northern Burghs constituency were merged into the Ross and Cromarty constituency.

In 1983 the area of the Ross and Cromarty constituency was merged with the Isle of Skye and Isle of Raasay areas of the former Inverness constituency to form the then new Ross, Cromarty and Skye constituency.

Local government areas[edit]

1890 to 1918

County councils were created in Scotland in 1890, and so the constituency area became also the county council area of Ross and Cromarty, minus the Fortrose, Dingwall and Cromarty parliamentary burghs.

1918 to 1975

When reformed in 1918 the constituency covered the county of Ross and Cromarty (including the former parliamentary burghs) minus Lewis.

1975 to 1983

County councils were abolished in 1975 and replaced with regions and districts and island council areas. The constituency area was then that of the district of Ross and Cromarty plus the Lochalsh area of Skye and Lochalsh. Both districts were within the Highland region.

See also

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member [1] Party
1832 James Alexander Stewart-Mackenzie Liberal
1837 Thomas Mackenzie Conservative
1847 Sir James Matheson Liberal
1868 Alexander Matheson Liberal
1884 Ronald Crauford Munro-Ferguson
Later Viscount Novar
Liberal
1885 Roderick Macdonald Crofters' Party
1892 James Galloway Weir Liberal
1911 Ian Macpherson
Later Baron Strathcarron
Liberal
1931 Liberal National
1936 Malcolm MacDonald National Labour
1945 John MacLeod Independent Liberal
1947 National Liberal
1964 Alasdair Mackenzie Liberal
1970 Hamish Gray Conservative
1983 constituency abolished

Election results[edit]

Constituency altered for United Kingdom general election, 1983 as Ross, Cromarty and Skye.

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: Ross and Cromarty
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative James Hector Northey Gray 10,650 42.4 +3.5
SNP Willie McRae 5,915 23.6 −12.1
Labour K. Bloomer 5,055 20.1 +3.3
Liberal H. Morrison 3,496 13.9 +5.4
Majority 4,735 18.9 +15.6
Turnout 25,116 76.4 +6.9
Conservative hold Swing
General Election October 1974: Ross and Cromarty
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative James Hector Northey Gray 7,954 38.9 +2.8
SNP Willie McRae 7,291 35.7 +12.7
Labour Brian David Henderson Wilson 3,440 16.8 −3.0
Liberal T. Glen 1,747 8.6 −12.6
Majority 633 3.2 −9.9
Turnout 20,432 69.5
Conservative hold Swing
General Election February 1974: Ross and Cromarty
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative James Hector Northey Gray 7,908 36.1 +2.9
SNP Willie McRae 5,037 23.0 +11.3
Liberal J.C. Robertson 4,621 21.1 −8.0
Labour Ronald D Maclean 4,336 19.8 −6.2
Majority 2,871 13.1 +9.0
Turnout 21,902 75.2 +3.5
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1970: Ross and Cromarty
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative James Hector Northey Gray 6,418 33.2 +5.6
Liberal Alasdair Roderick Mackenzie 5,617 29.1 −13.0
Labour Ronald D Maclean 5,023 26.0 −4.4
SNP George Nicholson 2,268 11.7 N/A
Majority 801 4.1
Turnout 19,326 71.7 +0.5
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1966: Ross and Cromarty
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Alasdair Roderick Mackenzie 7,348 42.1 +1.8
Labour William Alexander Ross 5,304 30.4 +2.7
Conservative Allan John Cameron 4,820 27.6 N/A
Majority 2,044 11.7 +3.5
Turnout 17,472 71.2
Liberal hold Swing
General Election 1964: Ross and Cromarty
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Alasdair Roderick Mackenzie 6,923 40.2 +16.6
National Liberal Sir John MacLeod 5,516 32.1 −15.2
Labour William Alexander Ross 4,767 27.7 −1.4
Majority 1,407 8.2
Turnout 17,306 69.4 −6.1
Liberal gain from National Liberal Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959: Ross and Cromarty
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
National Liberal John MacLeod 7,813 47.2 −15.1
Labour Mrs. Jane B Saggar 4,815 29.1 −8.6
Liberal Colin Murchison 3,918 23.7 N/A
Majority 2,998 18.1 −6.5
Turnout 21,902 75.2
National Liberal hold Swing
General Election 1955: Ross and Cromarty
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
National Liberal John MacLeod 9,929 62.3 −1.9
Labour Mrs. Jane B Saggar 6,003 37.7 +1.9
Majority 3,926 24.6 −3.9
Turnout 15,932 61.9 +4.4
National Liberal hold Swing
General Election 1951: Ross and Cromarty
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
National Liberal John MacLeod 10,969 64.25 +1.7
Labour Alastair C Reid 6,104 35.75 −1.7
Majority 4,865 28.5 +3.3
Turnout 17,073 57.5
National Liberal hold Swing
General Election 1950: Ross and Cromarty
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
National Liberal John MacLeod 10,912 62.6 N/A
Labour Alastair C Reid 6,521 37.4 +0.2
Majority 4,391 25.2
Turnout 17,433 63.1
National Liberal hold Swing

Election in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Ross and Cromarty
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Independent Liberal John MacLeod 10,061 62.8 N/A
Labour A. Mackintosh 5,959 37.2
Majority 4,102 25.6
Turnout 16,020 62.4 −6.1
Independent Liberal gain from National Labour Swing

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

By-Election 1936: Ross and Cromarty[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
National Labour Malcolm MacDonald 8,949 49.5
Labour Hector McNeil 5,967 33.0
Unionist Randolph Churchill 2,427 13.4 N/A
Liberal Russell Thomas 738 4.1 N/A
Majority 2,982 16.5
Turnout 18,081 62.4 +11.6
National Labour gain from Liberal National Swing N/A
General Election 1935: Ross and Cromarty
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal National Rt Hon Sir James Ian Macpherson Bt KC 10,810 76.7
Labour J.M. MacDiarmid 3,284 23.3
Majority 7,526 53.4
Turnout 14,094 50.8
Liberal National hold Swing
General Election 1931: Ross and Cromarty[3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal National Rt Hon Sir James Ian Macpherson Bt KC unopposed

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1929: Ross and Cromarty [4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Rt Hon. Sir James Ian Macpherson 9,564 58.8
Labour Hugh Donald MacIntosh 6,710 41.2
Turnout 16,274
Liberal hold Swing
General Election 1924: Ross and Cromarty [5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Rt Hon Sir James Ian Macpherson unopposed
General Election 1923: Ross and Cromarty [6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Rt Hon Sir James Ian Macpherson unopposed
Ian MacPherson
General Election 1922: Ross and Cromarty [7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
National Liberal Rt Hon Sir James Ian Macpherson 5,923
Liberal John Macdonald 4,521

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election 1918: Ross and Cromarty Shire [8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Coalition Liberal Rt Hon James Ian Macpherson 8,358
Labour Hector Munro 2,278
By-election 14 June 1911: Ross and Cromarty Shire [9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal James Ian Macpherson 3,717
Conservative William Paterson Templeton 1,253
General Election Dec 1910: Ross and Cromarty Shire [10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal James Galloway Weir unopposed
General Election Jan 1910: Ross and Cromarty Shire [11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal James Galloway Weir 4,430
Liberal Unionist Neil Maclean 1,418

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

General Election 1906: Ross and Cromarty Shire [12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal James Galloway Weir 3,883
Conservative J.C. Watt KC 1,773
General Election 1900: Ross and Cromarty Shire [13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal James Galloway Weir 3,554
Liberal Unionist I.D. Fletcher 1,651

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

James Galloway Weir
General Election 1895: Ross and Cromarty Shire [14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal James Galloway Weir 3,272
Conservative Randle Jackson 2,413
General Election 1892: Ross and Cromarty Shire [15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal James Galloway Weir 3,171
Liberal Unionist N. McLean 2,413

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

General Election 1886: Ross and Cromarty Shire [16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Roderick Macdonald MD 4,263
Liberal Unionist John Peter Grant 1,197
General Election 1885: Ross and Cromarty Shire [17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Independent Liberal Roderick Macdonald MD 4,942
Liberal Ronald Munro-Fegruson 2,925

References[edit]

  1. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "R" (part 2)[self-published source][better source needed]
  2. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1939
  3. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1934
  4. ^ The Times, 1 June 1929
  5. ^ Oliver & Boyd's Edinburgh Almanac, 1927
  6. ^ The Times, 8 December 1923
  7. ^ The Times, 17 November 1922
  8. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1920
  9. ^ Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1916
  10. ^ Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1916
  11. ^ Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1916
  12. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1907
  13. ^ Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1901
  14. ^ Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1901
  15. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1893
  16. ^ Debrett's House of Commons and Judicial Bench, 1889
  17. ^ Debrett's House of Commons and Judicial Bench, 1889