Damnation Alley (film)
Original theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Jack Smight|
|Produced by||Jerome M. Zeitman
|Screenplay by||Alan Sharp
|Based on||Damnation Alley
by Roger Zelazny
Jackie Earle Haley
|Music by||Jerry Goldsmith|
|Cinematography||Harry Stradling, Jr.|
|Edited by||Frank J. Urioste|
|Distributed by||20th Century Fox|
|Running time||92 minutes|
|Box office||$4,000,000 (US/Canada)|
Damnation Alley is a 1977 post-apocalyptic film, directed by Jack Smight, loosely based on the novel of the same name by Roger Zelazny. The original music score was composed by Jerry Goldsmith and the notable cinematography was by Harry Stradling Jr.
1st Lieutenant Jake Tanner (Jan-Michael Vincent) shares ICBM silo duty at an Air Force missile base in the California desert with Major Eugene "Sam" Denton (George Peppard) who is requesting not to work with him. On their way to duty Denton talks to Airman Tom Keegan (Paul Winfield), an aspiring artist. When the United States detects incoming nuclear missiles, Tanner and Denton launch part of the retaliatory strike, initiating Doomsday.
Two years later, the Earth has been tilted off its axis by World War III, radiation has mutated insect life, and the planet is wracked by massive storms. Tanner has resigned his commission and has been scouting Barstow while Keegan, who has also left the Air Force, has been painting as an artist in one of the base's out-buildings. Giant mutant scorpions menace the area. An airman falls asleep in a bunk and drops a lit cigarette onto a pile of magazines which causes the entire base to catch fire and explode, with no Air Force survivors. Keegan and Tanner are unscathed as are Airmen Denton and Tom Perry who were in an underground garage bunker. Denton has been considering going to Albany, New York to find the source of a lone radio transmission.
They set out in two Air Force "Landmasters," giant 12-wheeled armored personnel carriers capable of climbing 60-degree inclines and operating in water. They must cross "Damnation Alley," considered "the path of least resistance" between intense radiation areas. On their journey, they lose one Landmaster in a storm (which also kills Perry), pick up two survivors, fight a band of crazed shotgun-toting mountain men and encounter mutated "flesh stripping cockroaches" in the ruins of Salt Lake City which eat Keegan alive. A tidal wave set off by earth returning to its normal axis (amid energy storms in the night sky) occurs right before they reach a surprisingly intact Albany.
- Jan-Michael Vincent as 1st Lt. Jake Tanner
- George Peppard as Major Eugene "Sam" Denton
- Dominique Sanda as Janice
- Paul Winfield as Keegan
- Jackie Earle Haley as Billy
- Kip Niven as Lt. Tom Perry
- Mark L. Taylor as Haskins
- Robert Donner as Man / Guard
- Murray Hamilton (uncredited) as General Landers
Roger Zelazny's original story of Damnation Alley was seriously compromised in the final script. Zelazny was quite pleased with the first script by Lukas Heller and expected it to be the shooting script. However, the studio had Alan Sharp write a completely different version that left out most of the elements of Zelazny's book. Zelazny did not realize this until he saw the movie in the theater. He hated the movie, but assertions that he requested to have his name removed from the credits are completely unfounded, since he did not know there was a problem until after the movie had been released.
Budgeted at US $17 million (a large budget at the time), Damnation Alley was helmed by veteran director Jack Smight, who had scored two consecutive box office hits in the previous two years (Airport 1975 and Midway) Filming began in July 1976 in the Imperial Valley in Southern California (near Glamis), as well as locations in Meteor Crater, Arizona, Salt Lake City, Utah, and the Mojave Desert in California.
Production was rife with problems — the devastated landscapes and giant mutated insects proved to be nearly impossible to create, despite the large budget. For example, a sequence involving giant 8-foot-long (2.4 m) scorpions attacking a motorcycle was first attempted using full-scale scorpion props, but they did not work and the resulting footage was unacceptable. The solution was to use actual scorpions composited onto live action footage using the blue screen process in post production, unfortunately with poor results. Another action sequence with giant cockroaches used a combination of live Madagascar Hissing Cockroaches and large numbers of rubber bugs, which looked unconvincing onscreen as the strings pulling the fake insects were plainly visible.
The centerpiece of the film, the 12-wheeled, seven-ton "Landmaster", performed much better than expected. The Landmaster was so convincing, in fact, that Fox demanded that more shots of the Landmaster appear in the film to make up for shortcomings. The decision was also made to add "radioactive skies" in post-production to add the visual excitement of a "post-Apocalyptic" world to the film.
Because of this last-minute decision, Damnation Alley was in post-production for over 10 months due to the difficult process of superimposing optical effects on the sky in eighty percent of the shots. It was during this period that 20th Century Fox released their "other" science fiction film for 1977. The studio had planned to release only two science fiction films that year, with Damnation Alley intended to be the blockbuster.
Star Wars became a big hit, and forced Fox to readdress Damnation Alley. In a panic, the release date was delayed further while Fox went in to re-edit the entire film. Directorial control was wrestled from Smight, and large sections of the film were edited out by the studio, including several key scenes critical to the storyline (much to the chagrin of the star, George Peppard). The film was finally released on October 21, 1977 to poor reviews and tanked at the box office.
Perhaps the most notable aspect of the film was the Landmaster vehicle, which features a hinged center section, and a unique rotating 12-wheel assembly. The "Landmaster" was custom-built for the film at a cost of $350,000 in 1976. ($1.4 million in 2010 dollars)
The Landmaster was sold to a private owner in 2005 and was restored to its original condition as featured in the film. The Landmaster was then on the show car circuit for several years. In 2007 it was featured at the San Francisco Rod & Custom Show at the Cow Palace in San Francisco, California as part of special exhibit with other notable movie and TV cars. Some time in 2009, the Landmaster was vandalized while in storage. The damage is relatively minor, but repair and restoration is required again.
The Landmaster should not be confused with the superficially similar, but simpler Ark II.
A few big-city premiere engagements of Damnation Alley were presented in Sound 360, a high-impact surround sound process.
Jerry Goldsmith's score made good use of the wide stereo separation afforded by Sound 360, particularly in the opening theme, with fanfares emanating from each side of the theater in turn.
Damnation Alley opened in 1977, one year after it was filmed. After the release, it quickly left the theaters because it did not make enough to stay in the chain theaters or duplexes or triplexes. Dismissal of the film was noted, overshadowed by prior apocalyptic theme films like Day the World Ended and On the Beach. In some theaters during 1977, the film was paired with another film, Ralph Bakshi's fantasy Wizards, which was financially successful.
In the UK, Damnation Alley was released in January 1979 as a double bill with Thunder and Lightning, another 20th Century Fox film from 1977.
The network TV premiere on NBC television on Sunday, June 12, 1983 featured alternate and additional scenes (notably, footage of Murray Hamilton and George Peppard, as well as additional scenes with Dominique Sanda and Peppard).
Damnation Alley was released on VHS, Betamax, and Video 2000 formats in the United Kingdom in 1983, and on VHS and Betamax in the United States in 1985. Shout! Factory released the film (on DVD and Blu-ray) on July 12, 2011 in the United States. This release features a new anamorphic widescreen transfer, and audio commentary with producer Paul Maslansky, and well as extras including featurettes detailing the challenges in making the film, and a detailed examination of the now-famous Landmaster vehicle with designer and builder Dean Jeffries. The original "Sound 360" audio mix is not featured on the DVD and Blu-ray, as the original elements were too damaged to salvage. The film was also released on DVD in the United Kingdom in 2011.
The film is available on Amazon VOD and the iTunes Store, which is not the new transfer (but an older version). It lists the online version to be "widescreen" 1.78:1 ratio (the original theatrical release was 2.35:1), while the PC & TiVo, and all others to be fullscreen (1.33:1) versions.
Hawkwind's 1977 album Quark, Strangeness and Charm contains a song entitled "Damnation Alley". Predating the film, the song was originally performed in December 1976 and is based on the same novel by Roger Zelazny.
- "DAMNATION ALLEY (A)". 20th Century Fox Film Co. Ltd. British Board of Film Classification. January 18, 1978. Retrieved August 18, 2013.
- Aubrey Solomon, Twentieth Century Fox: A Corporate and Financial History, Scarecrow Press, 1989 p258
- Solomon p 233. Please note figures are rentals not total gross.
- "...And Call Me Roger": The Literary Life of Roger Zelazny, Part 4, by Christopher S. Kovacs. In: The Collected Stories of Roger Zelazny, Volume 4: Last Exit to Babylon, NESFA Press, 2009.
- IMDB: Trivia http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0075909/trivia
- McComb, Gordon; J. Steven York. "Automotive Fantasies—And The Men Who Make Them". Science & Mechanics (unknown): 66–67.
- "Inflation Calculator". DollarTimes.
- Landmaster picture from its recent showing.
- 2007 San Francisco Rod, Custom and Motorcycle Show Event Guide
- "Search for releases | British Board of Film Classification". Bbfc.co.uk. Retrieved 2014-04-26.
- Damnation Alley at the Internet Movie Database
- Damnation Alley at the TCM Movie Database
- Damnation Alley at Rotten Tomatoes