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George Peppard in Breakfast at Tiffany's
|Born||George Peppard, Jr.
October 1, 1928
Detroit, Michigan, U.S.
|Died||May 8, 1994
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
|Cause of death||Pneumonia|
|Alma mater||Pittsburgh Playhouse|
|Occupation||Actor and Producer|
|Spouse(s)||Helen Davies (m. 1954–64)
Elizabeth Ashley (m. 1966–72)
Sherry Boucher (m. 1975–79)
Alexis Adams (m. 1984–86)
Laura Taylor (m. 1992–94) (his death)
Peppard secured a major role when he starred alongside Audrey Hepburn in Breakfast at Tiffany's (1961), portrayed a character based on Howard Hughes in The Carpetbaggers (1964), and played the title role of the millionaire sleuth Thomas Banacek in the early-1970s television series Banacek. He is probably best known for his role as Col. John "Hannibal" Smith, the cigar-chomping leader of a renegade commando squad, in the 1980s television show The A-Team.
George Peppard, Jr. was born in Detroit, Michigan, the son of building contractor George Peppard, Sr. and opera singer Vernelle Rohrer. He graduated from Dearborn High School in Dearborn, Michigan.
From 1948 to 1949, he studied Civil Engineering at Purdue University where he was a member of the Purdue Playmakers theatre troupe and Beta Theta Pi fraternity. He then transferred to Carnegie Institute of Technology (now Carnegie Mellon University) in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, where he earned his bachelor's degree in 1955. He also trained at the Pittsburgh Playhouse.
Peppard made his stage debut in 1949 at the Pittsburgh Playhouse. After moving to New York City, Peppard enrolled in The Actors Studio, where he studied the Method with Lee Strasberg. His first work on Broadway led to his first television appearance, with a young Paul Newman, in The United States Steel Hour (1956), as the singing, guitar-playing baseball player Piney Woods in Bang the Drum Slowly.
Peppard's Broadway appearance in The Pleasure of His Company (1958) led to an MGM contract. Following a strong film debut in The Strange One (1957), he played the illegitimate son of Robert Mitchum's character in the popular melodrama Home from the Hill (1960).
His good looks, elegant manner and superior acting skills landed Peppard his most famous film role as Paul Varjak in Breakfast at Tiffany's with Audrey Hepburn. This 1961 role boosted him briefly to a major film star. His leading roles in that film's wake included How the West Was Won in 1962 (his character spanned two sections of the episodic Cinerama extravaganza), The Victors in 1963, The Carpetbaggers in 1964, and The Blue Max in 1966.
Peppard started choosing tough-guy roles in big, ambitious pictures where he was somewhat overshadowed by ensemble casts; for example, his role as German pilot Bruno Stachel, an obsessively competitive officer from humble beginnings who challenges the Prussian aristocracy during World War I in The Blue Max (1966). For this role, Peppard earned a private pilot's license and did much of his own stunt flying, although stunt pilot Derek Piggott was at the controls for the famous under-the-bridge scene.
Owing to Peppard's alcoholism and notoriously difficult personality on the set, his career devolved into a string of B-movies through the late sixties and early seventies. As film critic David Shipman once wrote of this stage in his career:
With his cool, blond baby-face looks and a touch of menace, of meanness, he had established a screen persona as strong as any of the time. He might have been the Alan Ladd or the Richard Widmark of the Sixties: but the Sixties didn't want a new Alan Ladd. Peppard began appearing in a series of action movies, predictably as a tough guy, but there were much tougher guys around - like Cagney, Bogart and Robinson, whose films had now become television staples.
Peppard then had a notable success with the TV series Banacek (1972–74), (part of the NBC Mystery Movie series), and one of his most critically acclaimed, though rarely seen, performances in the TV movie Guilty or Innocent: The Sam Sheppard Murder Case (1975), as Sam Sheppard.
Among the disappointing films was the 1970 Western Cannon for Cordoba, in which Peppard played the steely Captain Rod Douglas, who has been put in charge of gathering a group of soldiers on a dangerous mission into Mexico, and 1967's Rough Night in Jericho in which he was billed over crooner Dean Martin and Jean Simmons, a reflection of his status at that point in his career. Peppard appeared in the short-lived (half a season) Doctors' Hospital (1975) and several other television films. He starred in the 1977 science-fiction film Damnation Alley, which has gone on to attain a substantial cult following. Peppard's role in the film was reportedly turned down by Steve McQueen because of salary issues. With fewer interesting roles coming his way, he acted in, directed and produced the drama Five Days from Home in 1979.
In a rare game show appearance, Peppard did a week of shows on Password Plus in 1979. Out of five shows, one was never broadcast on NBC (but aired much later on GSN) because of comments made by Peppard regarding personal dissatisfaction he felt related to his treatment by NBC standards & practices.
In 1981, Peppard was offered, and accepted, the role of Blake Carrington in the TV series Dynasty. During the filming of the pilot episode, which also featured Linda Evans and Bo Hopkins, Peppard repeatedly clashed with the show's producers, Richard and Esther Shapiro; among other things, he felt that his role was too similar to that of J. R. Ewing in the series Dallas. Three weeks later, before filming was to begin on additional episodes, Peppard was fired and the part was offered to John Forsythe; the scenes with Peppard were re-shot and Forsythe became the permanent star of the show.
In 1982, George Peppard auditioned for and won the role of Colonel John "Hannibal" Smith in the TV action adventure series The A-Team, acting alongside Mr. T, Dirk Benedict and Dwight Schultz. In the series, the A-Team was a team of renegade commandos on the run from the military for "a crime they did not commit" while serving in the Vietnam war. The A-Team members made their collective living as soldiers of fortune, but they helped only people who came to them with justified grievances.
In the series, Peppard played John "Hannibal" Smith. He was the leader of the A-Team, distinguished by his cigar smoking, confident smirk, black leather gloves, disguises and distinctive catch phrase, "I love it when a plan comes together." The show ran five seasons on NBC from 1983–1987. It made Peppard known to a whole new generation and is arguably his best-known role. The role was reportedly written with James Coburn in mind, but Coburn declined and thus the role went to Peppard. Peppard was reportedly annoyed by Mr. T upstaging him in his public image, and at one point in their relationship refused to speak directly to Mr. T. Instead, he sent messages through intermediaries and for this Peppard was occasionally portrayed by the press as not a team player.
Man Against the Mob
Peppard's last series was an intended occasional series of television movie features entitled Man Against the Mob set in the 1940s. In these TV detective films, Peppard played Los Angeles Police Detective Sgt. Frank Doakey. The second film Man Against the Mob: The Chinatown Murders was broadcast in December 1989. A third film in this series was planned, but Peppard died before it was filmed.
Peppard was married five times, and was the father of three children.
- Helen Davies (1954–1964): two children, Bradford and Julie
- Elizabeth Ashley (1966–1972), his co-star in The Carpetbaggers: one son, Christian
- Sherry Boucher-Lytle (1975–1979), originally from Springhill in northern Webster Parish, Louisiana
- Alexis Adams (1984–1986)
- Laura Taylor (1992–1994), a licensed mental health counselor in Lake Worth, Florida
Peppard overcame a serious alcohol problem in 1978, and subsequently became heavily involved in helping other alcoholics. He had smoked three packs of cigarettes a day for most of his life until he quit after being diagnosed with lung cancer in 1992. His illness never forced his retirement from acting. Peppard had completed a pilot for a new series in 1994 called 'The P.I., a Matlock spin-off intended to become a new television series, with co-star Tracy Nelson shortly before his death. Peppard died on May 8, 1994, in Los Angeles, California. Although still being treated for lung cancer, Peppard's direct cause of death was pneumonia. He is buried alongside his parents George Sr and Vernelle in Northview Cemetery, Dearborn, Michigan.
David Shipman published this appraisal of Peppard in 1972:
George Peppard's screen presence has some agreeable anomalies. He is tough, assured and insolent - in a way that recalls late Dick Powell rather than early Bogart; but his bright blue eyes and blond hair, his boyish face suggest the all-American athlete, perhaps going to seed. The sophistication is surface deep: you can imagine him in Times Square on a Saturday night, sulky, defiant, out of his depth, not quite certain how he wants to spend the evening.
- 1960 NBR Award (National Board of Review of Motion Pictures) for Home from the Hill as Best Supporting Actor
- 1961 BAFTA Award Nomination (British Academy Award) for Home From The Hill
- 1961 Promising newcomer to leading film roles
- Star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame (Category Motion Pictures, 6675 Hollywood Blvd., Los Angeles)
|1956||The United States Steel Hour||Piney Woods||TV: Bang the Drum Slowly|
|1956 - 57||Kraft Television Theatre||TV: The Long Flight
Flying Object at Three O'Clock High
|1957||The Kaiser Aluminum Hour||Lynch||TV: A Real Fine Cutting Edge|
|1957||Studio One||TV: A Walk in the Forest|
|1957||The Alcoa Hour||Eddie Pierce||TV: The Big Build-Up|
|1957||The Strange One||Cadet Robert Marquales|
|1957||Alfred Hitchcock Presents||Evan Wallace||TV: The Diplomatic Corpse|
|1957 - 58||Matinee Theatre||TV: End of the Rope, Part 1
End of the Rope, Part 2
|1958||Suspicion||Lee||TV: The Eye of Truth|
|1958||Hallmark Hall of Fame||Dennis Walsh||TV: Little Moon of Alban|
|1959||Pork Chop Hill||Cpl. Chuck Fedderson|
|1960||Home from the Hill||Raphael "Rafe" Copley|
|1960||Startime||Pat Lawrence||TV: Incident at a Corner|
|1960||The Subterraneans||Leo Percepied|
|1961||Breakfast at Tiffany's||Paul Varjak|
|1962||How the West Was Won||Zeb Rawlings|
|1963||The Victors||Cpl. Chase|
|1964||The Carpetbaggers||Jonas Cord|
|1964||Theatre of Stars||Buddy Wren||TV: The Game with Glass Pieces|
|1965||Operation Crossbow||Lt. John Curtis|
|1965||The Third Day||Steve Mallory|
|1966||The Blue Max||Lt. Bruno Stachel|
|1967||Tobruk||Capt. Kurt Bergman|
|1967||Rough Night in Jericho||Dolan|
|1968||What's So Bad About Feeling Good?||Pete|
|1968||House of Cards||Reno Davis|
|1969||Pendulum||Capt. Frank Matthews|
|1970||The Executioner||John Shay|
|1970||Cannon for Cordoba||Capt. Red Douglas|
|1971||One More Train to Rob||Harker Fleet|
|1972||The Bravos||Major John David Harkness||TV movie|
|1972||The Groundstar Conspiracy||Tuxan|
|1972 - 74||Banacek||Thomas Banacek||TV series|
|1974||Newman's Law||Vince Newman|
|1975||The Week of Fear||Dr. Jake Goodwin||TV movie|
|1975||Guilty or Innocent: The Sam Sheppard Murder Case||Dr. Samuel Sheppard||TV movie|
|1975 - 76||Doctors' Hospital||Dr. Jake Goodwin|
|1977||Damnation Alley||Maj. Eugene Denton|
|1979||Five Days from Home||T.M. Pryor||also director and producer|
|1979||Crisis in Mid-Air||Nick Culver||TV movie|
|1979||From Hell to Victory||Brett Rosson|
|1979||Torn Between Two Lovers||Paul Rasmussen||TV movie|
|1980||Battle Beyond the Stars||Cowboy|
|1981||Race for the Yankee Zephyr||Theo Brown|
|1981||Your Ticket Is No Longer Valid||Jim Daley|
|1982||Twilight Theatre||TV movie|
|1982||Jugando con la muerte||McFadden|
|1983 - 87||The A-Team||John "Hannibal" Smith||TV series|
|1984||Tales of the Unexpected||Sgt. Guedo||TV: The Dirty Detail|
|1988||Man Against the Mob||Frank Doakey||TV movie|
|1989||Zwei Frauen||Mr. Martin|
|1989||Man Against the Mob: The Chinatown Murders||Frank Doakey||TV movie|
|1990||Night of the Fox||Col. Harry Martineau/Max Vogel||TV movie|
|1992||The Tigress||Sid Slaughter|
|1994||Matlock||Max Morgan||TV: The P.I.|
- Collins, Glenn (May 10, 1994). "George Peppard Dies; Stage and Screen Actor, 65". New York Times.
- Wise, James Edward; Rehill, Anne Collier (1 November 1999). Anne Collier Rehill, ed. Stars in the Corps: Movie Actors in the United States Marines 2. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press. pp. 159–166. ISBN 978-1-55750-949-9. Retrieved 2010-08-14. "Like its predecessor, Stars in the Corps is a valuable resource for scholars and aficionados of motion picture films, military buffs and historians, and students of American popular culture. This volume is the equal to and in several ways surpasses its earlier companion and is itself a valuable reference. Structurally, the volume contains a preface and introduction, two parts comprising 28 short biographies, four appendices, and 101 black-and-white images. A very useful Bibliography lists 92 books and periodicals, thirteen reference works, twelve interviews or correspondence, five major official records or archives, and five other sources. A six-page double column index lists, in the main, proper nouns and is an appropriate finding aid."
- "George Peppard Biography". Fancast. Retrieved 2010-11-11.
- Conner, Lynne (2007). Pittsburgh In Stages: Two Hundred Years of Theater. University of Pittsburgh Press. pp. 152. ISBN 978-0-8229-4330-3. Retrieved 2011-06-06.
- David Shipman "Obituary: George Peppard", The Independent, 10 May 1994, accessed 19 May 2012
- Mike Pingel. "Bo Hopkins Remembers Dynasty!". hollywoodfyi.com. Archived from the original on 2005-08-06. Retrieved 2010-07-18.
- Steve Pratt, "Not really a team player",. Northern Echo, 19 May 2006, p. 15.
- Collins, Glenn (1994-05-10). "George Peppard Dies; Stage and Screen Actor, 65". The New York Times. Retrieved 2010-08-23.
- David Shipman, The Great Movie Stars: The International Years, Angus and Robertson, 1972 p 409
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to George Peppard.|
- George Peppard at the Internet Movie Database
- George Peppard at the TCM Movie Database
- George Peppard at the Internet Broadway Database
- George Peppard at the University of Wisconsin's Actors Studio audio collection
- Ooh Yummy George Peppard Fan site
- Works by or about George Peppard in libraries (WorldCat catalog)