Danby Wiske

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Danby Wiske
Village Green at Danby Wiske - geograph.org.uk - 380099.jpg
Danby Wiske is located in North Yorkshire
Danby Wiske
Danby Wiske
 Danby Wiske shown within North Yorkshire
Population 366 
OS grid reference SE336985
Civil parish Danby Wiske with Lazenby
District Hambleton
Shire county North Yorkshire
Region Yorkshire and the Humber
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town NORTHALLERTON
Postcode district DL7 0
Dialling code 01609
Police North Yorkshire
Fire North Yorkshire
Ambulance Yorkshire
EU Parliament Yorkshire and the Humber
UK Parliament Richmond
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire

Coordinates: 54°22′52″N 1°28′54″W / 54.3811°N 1.4818°W / 54.3811; -1.4818

Danby Wiske is a village in the district of Hambleton in North Yorkshire, England. It is the main settlement in the civil parish of Danby Wiske with Lazenby. The village lies 3.7 miles (6.0 km) north north-west of the county town of Northallerton.

History[edit]

Danby Wiske was mentioned in the Domesday Book as Danebi. The lands were the property of Kofse at the time of the Norman conquest. After 1086 the manor was granted to Landric of Hornby. There were three households, five ploughlands and six acres of meadow.[1][2] During the late 13th century and early 14th century, the manor was the subject of dispute. Originally it had passed to the lords of Richmond, who had granted hereditary lordship to Geoffrey le Scrope. When his son Henry inherited the manor the Crown took the title for a short time until it was returned to Henry. However the Crown retook possession upon learning the conditions of inheritance and granted it back to the lords of Richmond in 1342. The manor was leased to Robert Dawe and Edward Thurland in 1602, but in 1616 King James I granted the manor of Danby Wiske to George Calvert, Lord Baltimore, founder of the state of Maryland in the United States. The Calverts sold the manor in 1701 after which it changed hands a couple of times until in 1718 it was bought by Sir Hugh Smithson. It was sold to Jonathon Wharton in 1765. By 1857, the manor was in the possession of the Venerable Archdeacon Cust[2][3][4]

Danby Wiske is around ¼ mile from the East Coast Main Line; there was once a railway station here, but this has long since closed.[5] The ancient parish of Danby Wiske included Yafforth as well as Streetlam, but not Lazenby.[2] Yafforth became a separate civil parish in 1866.

The etymology of the name derives from the Old Norse words Danir and by meaning the farm of the Danes. The suffix of Wiske refers to the nearby river.[6][7]

Lazenby had a separate history until modern times. It was historically an extra parochial area. It became a separate civil parish in 1858,[8] and was joined to the ecclesiastical parish of Northallerton in 1867.[9]

Geography and governance[edit]

The village lies on a minor road between the village of Streetlam and the A167 near Northallerton. There is a junction in the centre of the village, with another minor road leading to the nearby village of Yafforth. The village lies at an elevation between 120 feet (37 m) and 141 feet (43 m)[10] The remains of a moated site south of the church is designated an Ancient Scheduled monument. It is approximately 2 hectares (4.9 acres) in size with several distinct raised features including evidence that a channel existed between the site and the River Wiske.[11]

Danby Wiske is on the 192-mile (309 km) Coast to Coast Walk, originated and described by Alfred Wainwright. The parish of Danby Wiske with Lazenby includes the village of Streetlam about 2 miles west of Danby Wiske. Lazenby consists of a few scattered houses east of Danby Wiske.[12]

The village lies within the UK Parliamentary constituency of Richmond (Yorkshire). It also lies within the Swale electoral division of North Yorkshire County Council and the Morton-on-Swale ward of Hambleton District Council.[10] There are five members of the local Parish Council.[13]

Demography[edit]

Population[14][15][16]
Year 1801 1811 1821 1831 1841 1851 1881 1891 1901 1911 1921 1931 1951 1961 2001 2011
Total 427 402 477 508 546 554 287 302 277 300 297 290 259 225 378 366

2001 Census[edit]

According to the 2001 UK Census, the parish was 47.9% male and 52.1% female of the total population of 378. The religious make-up was 83.9% Christian with the rest stating no religion. The ethnic distribution was 100% White There were 157 dwellings.

2011 Census[edit]

According to the 2011 UK Census, the parish had a total population of 366 with 48.4% male and 51.6% female. The religious make-up was 72.7% Christian, a small Buddhist minority with the rest stating no religion. The ethnic distribution was 99.5% White with a small Black British minority. There were 155 dwellings.

Community[edit]

Village Church, Danby Wiske

There is a Village Hall, built in 1978 and extended in 2010, which is used for fundraising, community activities and social functions. The village once had a school but this too closed long ago; the village children now attend schools in Northallerton. The village has a working BT phone kiosk and a Post Box with daily 4 p.m. weekday collections. There is a 17th-century public house, The White Swan, in the village.[13]

Religion[edit]

The village church is undedicated and known simply as Danby Wiske Parish Church and is a Grade I Listed Building.[17] The doorway dates from Norman times, and has a 12th-century north aisle. The church tower underwent a small restoration program in early 2010.[3][4]

Notable residents[edit]

  • George Calvert, lord of Danby Wiske Manor from 1616. Later became Lord Baltimore and founded the state of Maryland in the American Colonies.[18]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Danby Wiske in the Domesday Book. Retrieved 31 December 2013.
  2. ^ a b c William Page (editor) (1914). "Parishes: Danby Wiske". Victoria County History: A History of the County of York North Riding: Volume 1. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 30 May 2013. 
  3. ^ a b "History". Retrieved 31 December 2013. 
  4. ^ a b Bulmer's Topography, History and Directory (Private and Commercial) of North Yorkshire 1890. S&N Publishing. 1890. p. 420. ISBN 1-86150-299-0. 
  5. ^ Butt, R. V. J. (1995). The Directory of Railway Stations: details every public and private passenger station, halt, platform and stopping place, past and present (1st ed.). Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. p. 70. ISBN 1-8526-0508-1. OCLC 60251199. 
  6. ^ Watts (2011). Cambridge Dictionary of English Place-names. Cambridge University Press. p. 178. ISBN 978-0521168557. 
  7. ^ A.D. Mills (1998). Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford Paperbacks. p. 148. ISBN 978-0192800749. 
  8. ^ Vision of Britain website
  9. ^ William Page (editor) (1914). "Parishes: Northallerton". Victoria County History: A History of the County of York North Riding: Volume 1. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 30 May 2013. 
  10. ^ a b Ordnance Survey Open Viewer
  11. ^ English Heritage. "Danby Wiske moated site (1020346)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 31 December 2013. 
  12. ^ "Guide to the coast to coast walk". Retrieved 31 December 2013. 
  13. ^ a b "Village website". Retrieved 31 December 2013. 
  14. ^ "Population at Censuses". Vision of Britain. 2009. Retrieved 31 December 2013. 
  15. ^ "2001 UK Census". Office for National Statistics. 2002. Retrieved 31 December 2013. 
  16. ^ "2011 UK Census". Office for National Statistics. 2013. Retrieved 31 December 2013. 
  17. ^ English Heritage. "Danby Wiske Church  (Grade I) (1150204)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 31 December 2013. 
  18. ^ "Calvert, George, first Baron Baltimore (1579/80–1632)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography". Oxford University Press, 2004; online edn, May 2010. Retrieved 31 December 2013. 

External links[edit]