List of Deputy Prime Ministers of Luxembourg
The Deputy Prime Minister of Luxembourg is the second-highest position in the Luxembourgian cabinet. The Deputy serves a vital function in Luxembourg's collegiate cabinet system, deputises for the Prime Minister when he is absent, represents his or her own political party, and holds other government positions.
Since the position was created, in 1959, all governments have been coalitions of two of the three major parties: the Christian Social People's Party (CSV), the Luxembourg Socialist Workers' Party (LSAP), and the Democratic Party (DP). The Deputy Prime Minister has always been a leading politician from the junior coalition partner.
Since 1989, the title of Deputy Prime Minister has been an official one, although the position had been unofficially known by that name since its creation. From the position's creation until 1989, the Deputy Prime Minister went by the name of the Vice-President of the Government. This mirrored the Prime Minister's title, which was President of the Government until 1989.
List of Deputy Prime Ministers
|Deputy Prime Minister||Party||Start date||End date||Reason for departure||Prime Minister|
|Eugène Schaus||DP||2 March 1959||15 July 1964||Coalition partner changed||Pierre Werner|
|Henry Cravatte||LSAP||15 July 1964||6 February 1969||Coalition partner changed|
|Eugène Schaus||DP||6 February 1969||15 June 1974||Government lost election|
|Raymond Vouel||LSAP||15 June 1974||21 July 1976||Appointed to EC Commission||Gaston Thorn|
|Bernard Berg||LSAP||21 July 1976||16 July 1979||Government lost election|
|Gaston Thorn||DP||16 July 1979||22 November 1980||Appointed EC President||Pierre Werner|
|Colette Flesch||DP||22 November 1980||20 July 1984||Coalition partner changed|
|Jacques Poos||LSAP||20 July 1984||26 January 1995||Coalition partner changed||Jacques Santer|
|26 January 1995||7 August 1999||Jean-Claude Juncker|
|Lydie Polfer||DP||7 August 1999||31 July 2004||Coalition partner changed|
|Jean Asselborn||LSAP||31 July 2004||4 December 2013||Resigned|
|Etienne Schneider||LSAP||4 December 2013||Incumbent||Xavier Bettel|
- Thewes (2003), p. 205
- Thewes (2003), p. 209
- Thewes (2003), p. 160
- Thewes (2003), p. 172
- Thewes (2003), p. 182
- Thewes (2003), p. 192
- Thewes (2003), pp. 192-3
- Thewes (2003), p. 204
- Thewes (2003), p. 230
- Thewes, Guy (July 2003). Les gouvernements du Grand-Duché de Luxembourg depuis 1848 (PDF) (in French) (Édition limitée ed.). Luxembourg City: Service Information et Presse. ISBN 2-87999-118-8. Retrieved 2006-07-19.