Dimmu Borgir performing in 2005.
|Genres||Black metal, symphonic metal|
|Labels||Ex-No Colours, ex-Spikefarm, ex-Cacophonous, ex-Century Media, Nuclear Blast|
|Associated acts||Old Man's Child, Cradle of Filth, Ov Hell, Carpe Tenebrum, Brujeria, The Kovenant, Mayhem, Arcturus, Chrome Division, Code, Susperia, Dødheimsgard, Nile, Borknagar, Nachtmystium, Ragnarok, Angelcorpse, God Dethroned, Vesania, Vader, Infernal Method, Ved Buens Ende, United Forces|
|Past members||(see below)|
Dimmu Borgir (pron.: / /) is a Norwegian black metal band from Oslo, Norway, formed in 1993. The name is derived from a volcanic formation in Iceland, Dimmuborgir, which means "dark cities" or "dark castles/fortresses" in Icelandic, Faroese and Old Norse. The band has been through numerous lineup changes over the years; guitarist Silenoz and vocalist Shagrath are the only founding members remaining.
For All Tid and Stormblåst period 
Dimmu Borgir was founded in 1993 by Shagrath, Silenoz and Tjodalv; the band released an EP in 1993 entitled Inn i Evighetens Mørke ("Into the Darkness of Eternity" in English). This short EP sold out within weeks, and the band followed up with the 1994 full-length album For All Tid ("For All Time" in English). This album featured vocal contributions by Vicotnik of Ved Buens Ende and Dødheimsgard and Aldrahn of Dødheimsgard and Zyklon-B. The initial line-up consisted of Shagrath playing drums with Tjodalv on guitar and Silenoz contributing lead vocals. This line-up changed before the release of Stormblåst (translates to "Stormblown") on Cacophonous Records in 1996, an album considered by many to be their finest. It is also the last album which features all lyrics written and sung in Norwegian. This album was criticized by Allmusic because of bad sound quality and inaccessibility to wide audience.
Enthrone Darkness Triumphant period 
After Stormblåst, keyboardist Stian Aarstad left the band due to his obligation to serve in the Norwegian army, thus being unable to participate in the 1996 recording of Devil's Path. That period was also marked by the departure of bassist Brynjard Tristan and the arrival of Nagash. Stian Aarstad returned for the recording of 1997's Enthrone Darkness Triumphant. He had trouble attending rehearsals and was unable to tour. He was then subsequently fired and replaced by Kimberly Goss for their 1997/1998 world tour. Enthrone Darkness Triumphant was a huge success for the band, and was their first release signed to Nuclear Blast, a German record label. The album was recorded in the Abyss Studios, owned by Hypocrisy's frontman Peter Tägtgren. After the release of Enthrone Darkness Triumphant, the band went on tour with In Flames, Dissection and other bands who had penetrated to the scene at the time.
Spiritual Black Dimensions and Puritanical Euphoric Misanthropia period 
After the tour for Enthrone Darkness Triumphant, the band recruited new members Mustis on keyboards and Astennu on lead guitar. Dimmu Borgir's following full-length albums Spiritual Black Dimensions in 1999 and 2001's Puritanical Euphoric Misanthropia, both met critical acclaim. However, another line-up change occurred between the two albums; Nagash quit and was replaced by new bassist/singer ICS Vortex, and Tjodalv left due to his family commitments, and to form the subsequent band Susperia, only to be replaced with Nicholas Barker, of Cradle of Filth. Astennu was fired from his guitar duties as well, and was replaced by Galder.
Death Cult Armageddon and Stormblåst MMV period 
Despite the regular video play on MTV2 and Fuse TV that their follow-up album would receive, the band stated that they were not "commercially-oriented," and instead, they 'simply wished to spread their message to more people'. In 2003, Dimmu Borgir recorded Death Cult Armageddon. Death Cult Armageddon was recorded with the Prague Philarmonic Orchestra, conducted by Adam Klemens. All orchestrations were arranged by Gaute Storaas (who had previously worked with Dimmu Borgir on the album Puritanical Euphoric Misanthropia) In 2004, Dimmu Borgir performed on the mainstage at Ozzfest.
In 2005, the band did a complete re-recording of the Stormblåst album, featuring Hellhammer of Mayhem fame as the session drummer. The album also featured a DVD with a live performance from the 2004 Ozzfest tour.
In Sorte Diaboli period 
Dimmu Borgir's eighth studio album, In Sorte Diaboli, was released April 24, 2007. A special edition version was released in a boxed case with a DVD, backward-printed lyrics, and a mirror. The album artwork was released on February 14, 2007 on a promotional webpage for the album. This album features once more the drumming of Hellhammer of Mayhem. Blomberg left the band in mid-tour in 2007 because of a neck injury that resulted in limited movement of his right arm. With the release of this album, Dimmu Borgir became the first black metal band with a number one album in their native country.
In 2009, members ICS Vortex and Mustis independently announced their departure from Dimmu Borgir. Mustis released a statement claiming his disfavor with the band, stating that he was not properly credited for his writing contributions to the band's music, mentioning possibly taking legal action.
Dimmu Borgir soon after confirmed the pair's dismissal from the band, releasing a statement explaining why the two were fired. Shagrath, Silenoz and Galder wrote: "Funny then, how the new album is half-way finished written already by the rest of us without any of these guys' input, still having all those elements we're known for."
Abrahadabra period 
Dimmu Borgir's ninth studio album, Abrahadabra, was released on September 24, 2010, in Germany, September 27, 2010, for the rest of Europe, and October 12, 2010 in North America. Silenoz explained that the growing periods of time between albums was because the band had stopped writing music while touring, which was affecting the quality of the music. He described the new album as having an "eerie and haunting feel to it", adding that the material is "epic", "primal", atmospheric and ambient. A promotional image released with the statement showed Shagrath returning to the keyboards. The album features an ensemble orchestra, the Kringkastingsorkestret (the Norwegian Radio Orchestra), as well as the Schola Cantorum choir, totaling more than 100 musicians and singers.
Gaute Storaas, composer of the orchestral arrangements, released a statement on his role in working on the album. “Their music is epic, thematic and symphonic already from the creation; they are clearly having an orchestral approach to composing. My role in this is sometimes just to transcribe their themes, sometimes to take their ideas, tear them apart and build them back up in ways that are true to the band's intentions. The music must also be both interesting and playable for the musicians, and hopefully, meet the quality standards of the orchestral world.”
On July 8, the band confirmed that they had tapped Swedish multi-instrumentalist Snowy Shaw (Therion, Dream Evil) to replace bassist/clean vocalist ICS Vortex on their then-upcoming album, Abrahadabra, and world tour. On August 25 it was announced that Snowy Shaw had left Dimmu Borgir to rejoin Therion. On September 17, 2010 Dimmu Borgir released the song "Born Treacherous" from Abrahadabra on their official Myspace page. Then on September 24 the band announced they would stream Abrahadabra in its entirety until 7 p.m. EST that evening. The keyboards and bass are currently played by Gerlioz from Apoptygma Berzerk and Cyrus of Susperia respectively, and the clean vocals are sampled.
May 28, 2011 saw Dimmu Borgir, for the very first time in the band's career perform live with a full symphony orchestra and choir in a one-off show with the Norwegian Radio Orchestra and Schola Cantorum Choir (who collaborated on Abrahadabra the previous year) at the Oslo Spectrum entitled "Forces of the Northern Night". This was broadcast live on Norway's main national TV carrier NRK. The setlist for this show consisted of tracks from the band's recent transfiguration Abrahadabra, leading tracks "Vredysbyrd" and "Progenies of the Great Apocalypse" from Death Cult Armageddon, as well as newly updated versions of tracks from their standard back catalog; "The Serpentine Offering", "Kings of the Carnival Creation", and "Mourning Palace" which were re-orchestrated by Gaute Storaas. The band played a similar show the following year at the Wacken Open Air festival, having yet performed a second show with a live show with a symphony orchestra and choir. This time, they were accompanied by the Czech National Orchestra with the same choir, being the second band in the festival's history to play with a live orchestra and choir (next to German power metal band Rage's 2007 performance). The show was broadcast live on Germany's Kultur TV arts channel. Due to several setbacks with NRK, it is not yet known when a live album and DVD of both shows will be released for fans. Silenoz has mentioned in an interview with MetalHammer TV, that the band is going to release the "Forces of The Northern Night" concert on DVD. Silenoz has also said in several recent interviews that both live sets have been fully mixed and will be accompanied by a feature-length documentary and bonus material when released.
Influences and musical style 
Dimmu Borgir's older releases (since 1992 to 1999) are strongly influenced by Darkthrone, Mayhem, Bathory, Emperor, Celtic Frost, Immortal, Venom and Iron Maiden. The band became more progressive and symphonic through the years; many black metal purists consider the band's second album, Stormblåst, to be "the act's last true contribution to black metal". Enthrone Darkness Triumphant, Dimmu Borgir's third album, "distinguished itself in two important areas, firstly forgoing their native language for English and secondly for its dramatic increase in synthesizer content". Significant experimentation started c. 2000, during the era of Spiritual Black Dimensions (due to the addition of Vortex's clean vocals, and the variety of musical ideas from then-new member Mustis), as well as Puritanical Euphoric Misanthropia due to addition of influences from composers such as Antonín Dvořák, Enya, Richard Wagner and Frédéric Chopin. As the music strongly differed from the older, rawer black metal style, Jon "Metalion" Kristiansen called Spiritual Black Dimensions "a fine case of melodic, over-produced symphonic metal. If you like this melodic style I can't really think of anyone doing it better [...]. No, I wouldn't call this black metal. Read the interview with Funeral Mist for the right definition of black metal."
To see other releases:
- For All Tid (1994)
- Stormblåst (1996)
- Enthrone Darkness Triumphant (1997)
- Spiritual Black Dimensions (1999)
- Puritanical Euphoric Misanthropia (2001)
- Death Cult Armageddon (2003)
- Stormblåst MMV (2005)
- In Sorte Diaboli (2007)
- Abrahadabra (2010)
- TBA (2013)
Band members 
|For all tid|
|Enthrone Darkness Triumphant|
|Godless Savage Garden|
|Spiritual Black Dimensions|
|Puritanical Euphoric Misanthropia|
|Death Cult Armageddon|
|In Sorte Diaboli|
- Shagrath (Stian Tomt Thoresen) – vocals (1995–present), drums (1993–1995), guitars (1995–1998, 2005), bass (2005), keyboards (2010)
- Silenoz (Sven Atle Kopperud) – rhythm guitars (1993–present), lead vocals (1993–1995), bass (2005)
- Galder (Tom Rune Andersen) – lead guitars (2000–present)
- Tjodalv (Ian Kenneth Åkesson) – lead guitars (1993–1995), drums, percussion (1995–1999)
- Stian Aarstad – keyboards, piano (1993–1997)
- Brynjard Tristan (Ivar Tristan Lundsten) – bass (1993–1996)
- Nagash (Stian Arnesen) – bass, backing vocals (1996–1999)
- Astennu (Jamie Stinson) – lead guitars (1997–1999)
- Mustis (Øyvind Mustaparta) – keyboards, piano (1998–2009)
- ICS Vortex (Simen Hestnæs) – bass (1999–2009), clean vocals (1998–2009)
- Nicholas Barker – drums, percussion (1999–2005)
- Hellhammer (Jan Axel Blomberg) – drums, percussion (2005–2007)
- Jens Petter – lead guitars (1996–1997)
- Kimberly Goss – keyboards (1997–1998)
- Aggressor (Carl-Michael Eide) – drums, percussion (1997)
- Archon – lead guitars (2000)
- Reno Kiilerich – drums, percussion (2003–2004)
- Tony Laureano – drums, percussion (2004–2005, 2007–2008)
- Secthdamon (Odd Tony Ingebrigtsen) – bass (2007)
- Snowy Shaw (Tommie Helgesson) – bass, clean vocals (2010)
- Daray (Dariusz Brzozowski) – drums, percussion (2008–present)
- Cyrus (Terje Andersen) – bass guitar (2010–present)
- Gerlioz (Geir Bratland) – keyboards, synthesizer (2010–present)
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- The Great Rock & Roll Swindle!. In: Jon Kristiansen: Metalion: The Slayer Mag Diaries. Brooklyn, NY: Bazillion Points Books 2011, p. 419.
- Dimmu Borgir. Metal Storm. Retrieved on 2011-06-11.
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- Peter Tägtgren – Bio, CDs and Vinyl at Discogs. Discogs.com. Retrieved on 2011-06-11.
- Anderson, Jason. (1997-05-27) Enthrone Darkness Triumphant – Dimmu Borgir. AllMusic. Retrieved on 2011-06-11.
- Huey, Steve. "Spiritual Black Dimensions review". Allmusic. Retrieved 2010-08-12.
- O'Neill, Brian. "Puritanical Euphoric Misanthropia review". Allmusic. Retrieved 2010-08-12.
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- Dimmu Borgir Biography. Sing365.com (1999-03-01). Retrieved on 2011-06-11.
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- Dimmu Borgir – Godless Savage Garden CD Album. Cduniverse.com (1998-08-04). Retrieved on 2011-06-11.
- O'Neill, Brian. (2001-03-20) Puritanical Euphoric Misanthropia – Dimmu Borgir. AllMusic. Retrieved on 2011-06-11.
- Dimmu Borgir interview (09/2003). Metalstorm.net. Retrieved on 2011-06-11.
- Dimmu Borgir – In Sorte Diaboli CD Album. Cduniverse.com (2007-04-24). Retrieved on 2011-06-11.
- "Dimmu Borgir on nuclearblast.de".
- "Dimmu Borgir Splits With Keyboardist Mustis, Bassist/Vocalist Vortex". Blabbermouth.net. Roadrunner Records. 30 August 2009. Retrieved 5 February 2010.
- "Dimmu Borgir: 'We Have Put Up With Unprofessionalism And Bad Live Performances For Years'". Blabbermouth.net. Roadrunner Records. 2 September 2009. Retrieved 5 February 2010.
- "DIMMU BORGIR: New Album Update".
- "Dimmu Borgir Working On 'Grand, Huge, Epic And Primal' New Album". Blabbermouth.net. Roadrunner Records. 31 January 2010. Retrieved 5 February 2010.
- "It's Official: SNOWY SHAW Is The New Bassist/Clean Vocalist For DIMMU BORGIR".
- "SNOWY SHAW 'Quits' DIMMU BORGIR, Rejoins THERION".
- "New Dimmu Borgir Song Streaming". Metal CallOut. Retrieved 2010-09-17.
- "Dimmu Borgir- Abrahadabra: Entire New Album Streaming". Metal CallOut. Retrieved YEAR-MONTH-DAY.
- DIMMU BORGIR.
- Serba, John. (2003-09-09) Death Cult Armageddon – Dimmu Borgir. AllMusic. Retrieved on 2011-06-11.
- Dimmu Borgir Profile – Dimmu Borgir Discography – Biography Of Dimmu Borgir. Heavymetal.about.com (2011-03-02). Retrieved on 2011-06-11.
- "DIMMU BORGIR Guitarist Talks 'Abrahadabra' In New Video Interview".
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